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Influences of extreme weather, climate, and pesticide use on invertebrates in cereal fields over 42 years

Published on Nov 1, 2015in Global Change Biology 9.00
· DOI :10.1111/gcb.13026
Julie A. Ewald8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust),
Christopher J. Wheatley4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust)
+ 4 AuthorsMichael B. Morecroft1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Natural England)
Abstract
Cereal fields are central to balancing food production and environmental health in the face of climate change. Within them, invertebrates provide key ecosystem services. Using 42 years of monitoring data collected in southern England, we investigated the sensitivity and resilience of invertebrates in cereal fields to extreme weather events and examined the effect of long-term changes in temperature, rainfall and pesticide use on invertebrate abundance. Of the 26 invertebrate groups examined, eleven proved sensitive to extreme weather events. Average abundance increased in hot/dry years and decreased in cold/wet years for Araneae, Cicadellidae, adult Heteroptera, Thysanoptera, Braconidae, Enicmus and Lathridiidae. The average abundance of Delphacidae, Cryptophagidae and Mycetophilidae increased in both hot/dry and cold/wet years relative to other years. The abundance of all 10 groups usually returned to their long-term trend within a year after the extreme event. For five of them, sensitivity to cold/wet events was lowest (translating into higher abundances) at locations with a westerly aspect. Some long-term trends in invertebrate abundance correlated with temperature and rainfall, indicating that climate change may affect them. However, pesticide use was more important in explaining the trends, suggesting that reduced pesticide use would mitigate the effects of climate change.
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  • Citations (17)
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References81
Newest
Published on May 1, 2015in Global Change Biology 9.00
Gang Ma5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Volker H. W. Rudolf28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Rice University),
Chun-Sen Ma13
Estimated H-index: 13
The frequency and magnitude of extreme events are predicted to increase under future climate change. Despite recent advancements, we still lack a detailed understanding of how changes in the frequency and amplitude of extreme climate events are linked to the temporal and spatial structure of natural communities. To answer this question, we used a combination of laboratory experiments, field experiments, and analysis of multi-year field observations to reveal the effects of extreme high temperatu...
45 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Animal Ecology 4.46
James R. Bell23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Rothamsted Research),
L. J. Alderson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Rothamsted Research)
+ 7 AuthorsR. Harrington41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Rothamsted Research)
1. Aphids represent a significant challenge to food production. The Rothamsted Insect Survey (RIS) runs a network of 12·2-m suction-traps throughout the year to collect migrating aphids. In 2014, the RIS celebrated its 50th anniversary. This paper marks that achievement with an extensive spatiotemporal analysis and the provision of the first British annotated checklist of aphids since 1964. 2. Our main aim was to elucidate mechanisms that advance aphid phenology under climate change and explain ...
40 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 20, 2014in Frontiers in Environmental Science
Johann G. Zaller26
Estimated H-index: 26
(BOKU: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna),
Laura Simmer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BOKU: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna)
+ 5 AuthorsAndreas Baumgarten4
Estimated H-index: 4
Climate change scenarios for Central Europe predict less frequent but heavier rainfalls and longer drought periods during the growing season. This is expected to alter arthropods in agroecosystems that are important as biocontrol agents, herbivores or food for predators (e.g. farmland birds). In a lysimeter facility (totally 18 3-m2-plots), we experimentally tested the effects of long-term past vs. prognosticated future rainfall variations (15% increased rainfall per event, 25% more dry days) ac...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2014in Ecological Complexity 1.63
N.J. Morley19
Estimated H-index: 19
(RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London),
J.W. Lewis27
Estimated H-index: 27
(RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)
Abstract Intense, long droughts have increased in occurrence since the 1970s and have been linked with global climate change. Extreme climate alters the risk of pathogen infections and diseases in both animals and plants, although little is known about the impact of any single event on host–pathogen dynamics in a wide range of species. Evaluating past climatic events can provide valuable information on complex interactions that occur between hosts, pathogens, and the environment, thereby paving ...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014
Lorena Vieli1
Estimated H-index: 1
3 Citations
Published on Feb 1, 2013in Journal of Applied Ecology 5.74
Eva Diehl6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Giessen),
Elvira Sereda4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Giessen)
+ 1 AuthorsKlaus Birkhofer28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Lund University)
Aphids are among the most severe invertebrate pests of crops and cause high economic losses. The control of aphids by natural enemies is an essential ecosystem service with high relevance to management strategies applied in agricultural plant production and horticulture. However, the current knowledge on the effectiveness of specialist and generalist predators in aphid control with respect to host plants and climatic conditions has not yet been summarized in a meta-analytical approach. We collec...
43 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Journal of Applied Ecology 5.74
D. R. Brooks19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Rothamsted Research),
J. Bater1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Rothamsted Research)
+ 5 AuthorsJason W. Chapman30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Exeter)
Summary 1. Carabid beetles are important functional components of many terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we describe the first long-term, wide-scale and quantitative assessment of temporal changes in UK carabid communities, to inform nationwide management aimed at their conservation. 2. Multivariate and mixed models were used to assess temporal trends over a 15-year period, across eleven sites in the UK Environmental Change Network. Sites covered pasture, field margins, chalk downland, woodland and ...
47 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Journal of Theoretical Biology 1.83
Damien Denis4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Rennes),
Jean-Sébastien Pierre15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Rennes)
+ 1 AuthorsJacques J. M. van Alphen36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of Rennes)
Temperature increase can affect physiological and behavioural constraints. Here, we use a stochastic dynamic modelling approach to predict changes in physiological adaptations and behaviour in response to temperature increase of pro-ovigenic parasitoids (i.e., parasitoids that mature all of their eggs before emergence). Adults of most species of parasitoids, are not capable of de novo lipogenesis. The allocation of lipids accumulated during the larval stage determines adult lifespan and fecundit...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2012in Global Change Biology 9.00
Louise Mair5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ebor: University of York),
Chris D. Thomas84
Estimated H-index: 84
(Ebor: University of York)
+ 3 AuthorsJane K. Hill54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Ebor: University of York)
Many species are expanding at their leading-edge range boundaries in response to climate warming. Species are known to respond individualistically to climate change, but there has been little consideration of whether responses are consistent over time. We compared responses of 37 southerly distributed British butterflies over two study periods, first between 1970–1982 and 1995–1999 and then between 1995–1999 and 2005–2009, when mean annual temperature increased regionally by 0.03 °C yr−1 (a sign...
31 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2012in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 7.80
Thomas C. Peterson54
Estimated H-index: 54
(NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration),
Peter A. Stott59
Estimated H-index: 59
,
Stephanie C. Herring7
Estimated H-index: 7
Attribution of extreme events shortly after their occurrence stretches the current state-of-theart of climate change assessment. To help foster the growth of this science, this article illustrates some approaches to answering questions about the role of human factors, and the relative role of different natural factors, for six specific extreme weather or climate events of 2011. Not every event is linked to climate change. The rainfall associated with the devastating Thailand floods can be explai...
229 Citations Source Cite
Cited By17
Newest
Published on May 26, 2019in Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2.80
Richard A. Brain23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Syngenta),
Julie C. Anderson10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Winnipeg)
Urbanization is an inevitable process in human civilization. When populations expand, socio-economic and political dynamics typically shift from agricultural predominance to one of industry and services. Accordingly, agrarian societies transform from diffuse rural communities to dense urban centers. By 2050, the world’s population is projected to reach 9.1 billion, with the urban population growing from 50 to 70%. Inevitably, this ever-expanding urban frontier encroaches along the human-ecologic...
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Published on May 1, 2019in Journal of Applied Entomology 1.63
Eli S. P. Patterson (Newcastle University), Roy A. Sanderson28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Newcastle University),
Michael Eyre7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Newcastle University)
Source Cite
Published on Oct 10, 2018in Integrative and Comparative Biology 2.75
Jenny Q. Ouyang15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNR: University of Nevada, Reno),
Caroline Isaksson21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Lund University)
+ 3 AuthorsDavide M. Dominoni12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Glas.: University of Glasgow)
As urban areas continue to grow, understanding how species respond and adapt to urban habitats is becoming increasingly important. Knowledge of the mechanisms behind observed phenotypic changes of urban-dwelling animals will enable us to better evaluate the impact of urbanization on current and future generations of wildlife and predict how animals respond to novel environments. Recently, urban ecology has emerged not only as a means of understanding organismal adaptation but also as a framework...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2018
Robert J. Blakemore8
Estimated H-index: 8
In view of recent reports of critical declines of microbes, plants, insects and other invertebrates, birds and other vertebrates, the situation pertaining to neglected earthworms was investigated. Entomological reports found the probable cause of general loss was lack of recruitment from surrounding fields (except for pest species). Earthworm decline under agricultural intensification compared to organic fertilizing is herein charted from several long-term agronomic trials, some operational >170...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Science of The Total Environment 4.61
Jonas Jourdan7
Estimated H-index: 7
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History),
Robert B. O'Hara5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
+ 12 AuthorsFrancesca Pilotto9
Estimated H-index: 9
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)
Abstract Long-term observations on riverine benthic invertebrate communities enable assessments of the potential impacts of global change on stream ecosystems. Besides increasing average temperatures, many studies predict greater temperature extremes and intense precipitation events as a consequence of climate change. In this study we examined long-term observation data (10–32 years) of 26 streams and rivers from four ecoregions in the European Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network, to in...
12 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Ecosystem services 4.39
Han Zhang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Reading),
Michael P.D. Garratt16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Reading)
+ 2 AuthorsTom D. Breeze12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Reading)
Abstract Wheat ( Triticum spp.) is the most important arable crop grown in the UK, and the grain aphid ( Sitobion avenae ) is one of the key pests of this crop. Natural enemies could help suppress grain aphid and reduce unnecessary insecticide inputs, but few studies have estimated the economic value of natural pest control in this crop-pest system, which could help inform effective integrated pest management strategies. Based on a natural enemy exclusion experiment carried out in South East Eng...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 3.54
Sarina Macfadyen18
Estimated H-index: 18
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation),
Garrick McDonald12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Melbourne),
Matthew P. Hill10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
Abstract Extensive research has shown that climate change will impact the distribution and outbreak potential of invertebrate pests in broad-acre crops. However, much less attention has been placed on translating these likely changes in pest outbreak frequency into practical management options for growers. Dryland grain production systems are generally predicted to be vulnerable to the effects of climate change. An initial step in understanding changes to outbreak potential of different pests is...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Annals of Applied Biology 2.05
Simon R. Leather38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Harper Adams University)
Research into insect decline over the years indicates increased funding is required for long term monitoring and more research to support sustainable agriculture. Planning authorities need to consider how to mitigate the impact of urbanisation and roads on invertebrate populations.
12 Citations Source Cite