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Influences of extreme weather, climate, and pesticide use on invertebrates in cereal fields over 42 years

Published on Nov 1, 2015in Global Change Biology8.88
· DOI :10.1111/gcb.13026
Julie A. Ewald8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust),
Christopher J. Wheatley4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust)
+ 4 AuthorsMichael B. Morecroft1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Natural England)
Cite
Abstract
Cereal fields are central to balancing food production and environmental health in the face of climate change. Within them, invertebrates provide key ecosystem services. Using 42 years of monitoring data collected in southern England, we investigated the sensitivity and resilience of invertebrates in cereal fields to extreme weather events and examined the effect of long-term changes in temperature, rainfall and pesticide use on invertebrate abundance. Of the 26 invertebrate groups examined, eleven proved sensitive to extreme weather events. Average abundance increased in hot/dry years and decreased in cold/wet years for Araneae, Cicadellidae, adult Heteroptera, Thysanoptera, Braconidae, Enicmus and Lathridiidae. The average abundance of Delphacidae, Cryptophagidae and Mycetophilidae increased in both hot/dry and cold/wet years relative to other years. The abundance of all 10 groups usually returned to their long-term trend within a year after the extreme event. For five of them, sensitivity to cold/wet events was lowest (translating into higher abundances) at locations with a westerly aspect. Some long-term trends in invertebrate abundance correlated with temperature and rainfall, indicating that climate change may affect them. However, pesticide use was more important in explaining the trends, suggesting that reduced pesticide use would mitigate the effects of climate change.
  • References (81)
  • Citations (17)
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References81
Newest
Published on May 1, 2015in Global Change Biology8.88
Gang Ma5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Volker H. W. Rudolf28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Rice University),
Chun-Sen Ma13
Estimated H-index: 13
The frequency and magnitude of extreme events are predicted to increase under future climate change. Despite recent advancements, we still lack a detailed understanding of how changes in the frequency and amplitude of extreme climate events are linked to the temporal and spatial structure of natural communities. To answer this question, we used a combination of laboratory experiments, field experiments, and analysis of multi-year field observations to reveal the effects of extreme high temperatu...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Animal Ecology4.36
James R. Bell23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Rothamsted Research),
L. J. Alderson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Rothamsted Research)
+ 7 AuthorsR. Harrington41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Rothamsted Research)
1. Aphids represent a significant challenge to food production. The Rothamsted Insect Survey (RIS) runs a network of 12·2-m suction-traps throughout the year to collect migrating aphids. In 2014, the RIS celebrated its 50th anniversary. This paper marks that achievement with an extensive spatiotemporal analysis and the provision of the first British annotated checklist of aphids since 1964. 2. Our main aim was to elucidate mechanisms that advance aphid phenology under climate change and explain ...
Published on Nov 1, 2014
Andrew J. Suggitt9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Robert J. Wilson32
Estimated H-index: 32
+ 14 AuthorsP. Jorieux1
Estimated H-index: 1
A variety of evidence suggests that species have, in the past, been able to withstand the effects of climatic change in localised environments known as refugia, where specific environmental conditions acted as a buffer against broader-scale climatic changes. Therefore, an important question for conservation is whether refugia might exist under current and future anthropogenic climate change. If there are areas that are likely to remain relatively climatically stable and so enable species to pers...
Published on Oct 20, 2014in Frontiers in Environmental Science
Johann G. Zaller26
Estimated H-index: 26
(BOKU: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna),
Laura Simmer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BOKU: University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna)
+ 5 AuthorsAndreas Baumgarten4
Estimated H-index: 4
Climate change scenarios for Central Europe predict less frequent but heavier rainfalls and longer drought periods during the growing season. This is expected to alter arthropods in agroecosystems that are important as biocontrol agents, herbivores or food for predators (e.g. farmland birds). In a lysimeter facility (totally 18 3-m2-plots), we experimentally tested the effects of long-term past vs. prognosticated future rainfall variations (15% increased rainfall per event, 25% more dry days) ac...
Published on Mar 1, 2014in Ecological Complexity1.71
N.J. Morley19
Estimated H-index: 19
(RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London),
J.W. Lewis27
Estimated H-index: 27
(RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)
Abstract Intense, long droughts have increased in occurrence since the 1970s and have been linked with global climate change. Extreme climate alters the risk of pathogen infections and diseases in both animals and plants, although little is known about the impact of any single event on host–pathogen dynamics in a wide range of species. Evaluating past climatic events can provide valuable information on complex interactions that occur between hosts, pathogens, and the environment, thereby paving ...
Published on Jan 1, 2014
Lorena Vieli1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Feb 1, 2013in Journal of Applied Ecology5.78
Eva Diehl6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Giessen),
Elvira Sereda4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Giessen)
+ 1 AuthorsKlaus Birkhofer28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Lund University)
Aphids are among the most severe invertebrate pests of crops and cause high economic losses. The control of aphids by natural enemies is an essential ecosystem service with high relevance to management strategies applied in agricultural plant production and horticulture. However, the current knowledge on the effectiveness of specialist and generalist predators in aphid control with respect to host plants and climatic conditions has not yet been summarized in a meta-analytical approach. We collec...
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Journal of Applied Ecology5.78
D. R. Brooks19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Rothamsted Research),
J. Bater1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Rothamsted Research)
+ 5 AuthorsJason W. Chapman30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Exeter)
Summary 1. Carabid beetles are important functional components of many terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we describe the first long-term, wide-scale and quantitative assessment of temporal changes in UK carabid communities, to inform nationwide management aimed at their conservation. 2. Multivariate and mixed models were used to assess temporal trends over a 15-year period, across eleven sites in the UK Environmental Change Network. Sites covered pasture, field margins, chalk downland, woodland and ...
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Journal of Theoretical Biology1.88
Damien Denis4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Rennes),
Jean-Sébastien Pierre15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Rennes)
+ 1 AuthorsJacques J. M. van Alphen36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of Rennes)
Temperature increase can affect physiological and behavioural constraints. Here, we use a stochastic dynamic modelling approach to predict changes in physiological adaptations and behaviour in response to temperature increase of pro-ovigenic parasitoids (i.e., parasitoids that mature all of their eggs before emergence). Adults of most species of parasitoids, are not capable of de novo lipogenesis. The allocation of lipids accumulated during the larval stage determines adult lifespan and fecundit...
Published on Aug 1, 2012in Global Change Biology8.88
Louise Mair5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ebor: University of York),
Chris D. Thomas84
Estimated H-index: 84
(Ebor: University of York)
+ 3 AuthorsJane K. Hill54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Ebor: University of York)
Many species are expanding at their leading-edge range boundaries in response to climate warming. Species are known to respond individualistically to climate change, but there has been little consideration of whether responses are consistent over time. We compared responses of 37 southerly distributed British butterflies over two study periods, first between 1970–1982 and 1995–1999 and then between 1995–1999 and 2005–2009, when mean annual temperature increased regionally by 0.03 °C yr−1 (a sign...
Cited By17
Newest
Published on 2019in Journal of Insect Conservation1.33
Rachel N. Nichols , Dave Goulson61
Estimated H-index: 61
,
J. M. Holland24
Estimated H-index: 24
Published on Jun 7, 2019in Ecological Applications4.38
Briony A. Norton8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Derby),
Gary D. Bending39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Warw.: University of Warwick)
+ 16 AuthorsJim Harris30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Cranfield University)
Published on May 26, 2019in Environmental Science and Pollution Research2.91
Richard A. Brain23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Syngenta),
Julie C. Anderson10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Winnipeg)
Urbanization is an inevitable process in human civilization. When populations expand, socio-economic and political dynamics typically shift from agricultural predominance to one of industry and services. Accordingly, agrarian societies transform from diffuse rural communities to dense urban centers. By 2050, the world’s population is projected to reach 9.1 billion, with the urban population growing from 50 to 70%. Inevitably, this ever-expanding urban frontier encroaches along the human-ecologic...
Published on May 1, 2019
Kimberly J Spiller (FWS: United States Fish and Wildlife Service), Randy Dettmers2
Estimated H-index: 2
(FWS: United States Fish and Wildlife Service)
Published on May 1, 2019in Journal of Applied Entomology1.83
Eli S. P. Patterson (Newcastle University), Roy A. Sanderson28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Newcastle University),
Michael Eyre7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Newcastle University)
Matthew L. Forister23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UNR: University of Nevada, Reno),
James A. Fordyce34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UT: University of Tennessee)
+ 3 AuthorsArthur M. Shapiro5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Climate change is challenging plants and animals not only with increasing temperatures, but also with shortened intervals between extreme weather events. Relatively little is known about diverse assemblages of organisms responding to extreme weather, and even less is known about landscape and life history properties that might mitigate effects of extreme weather. Our aim was to address this knowledge gap using a multi-decadal dataset of 163 butterfly species that recently experienced a millenniu...
Published on Oct 10, 2018in Integrative and Comparative Biology3.10
Jenny Q. Ouyang15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UNR: University of Nevada, Reno),
Caroline Isaksson21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Lund University)
+ 3 AuthorsDavide M. Dominoni12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Glas.: University of Glasgow)
As urban areas continue to grow, understanding how species respond and adapt to urban habitats is becoming increasingly important. Knowledge of the mechanisms behind observed phenotypic changes of urban-dwelling animals will enable us to better evaluate the impact of urbanization on current and future generations of wildlife and predict how animals respond to novel environments. Recently, urban ecology has emerged not only as a means of understanding organismal adaptation but also as a framework...
Published on Jun 1, 2018
Robert J. Blakemore8
Estimated H-index: 8
In view of recent reports of critical declines of microbes, plants, insects and other invertebrates, birds and other vertebrates, the situation pertaining to neglected earthworms was investigated. Entomological reports found the probable cause of general loss was lack of recruitment from surrounding fields (except for pest species). Earthworm decline under agricultural intensification compared to organic fertilizing is herein charted from several long-term agronomic trials, some operational >170...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Science of The Total Environment5.59
Jonas Jourdan7
Estimated H-index: 7
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History),
Robert B. O'Hara5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
+ 12 AuthorsFrancesca Pilotto9
Estimated H-index: 9
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)
Abstract Long-term observations on riverine benthic invertebrate communities enable assessments of the potential impacts of global change on stream ecosystems. Besides increasing average temperatures, many studies predict greater temperature extremes and intense precipitation events as a consequence of climate change. In this study we examined long-term observation data (10–32 years) of 26 streams and rivers from four ecoregions in the European Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network, to in...
View next paperLinking interdecadal changes in British river ecosystems to water quality and climate dynamics.