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Heat Exposure, Cardiovascular Stress and Work Productivity in Rice Harvesters in India : Implications for a Climate Change Future

Published on Jan 1, 2013in Industrial Health1.319
· DOI :10.2486/indhealth.2013-0006
Subhashis Sahu11
Estimated H-index: 11
(KGEC: Kalyani Government Engineering College),
Moumita Sett4
Estimated H-index: 4
(KGEC: Kalyani Government Engineering College),
Tord Kjellstrom33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Umeå University)
Sources
Abstract
Excessive workplace heat exposures create well-known risks of heat stroke, and it limits the workers' capacity to sustain physical activity. There is very limited evidence available on how these ef ...
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  • References (27)
  • Citations (61)
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References27
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#1Thomas TannerH-Index: 25
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Background: The rise in global temperature is well documented. Changes in temperature lead to increases in heat exposure, which may impact health ranging from mild heat rashes to deadly heat stroke. Heat exposure can also aggravate several chronic diseases including cardiovascular and respiratory disease. Objective: This study examined the relationship between climate condition and health status and productivity in two main categories of the occupational setting - where one setting involves heat...
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#1Charmian M. Bennett (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 6
#2Andrew J. McMichael (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 153
Environmental and social changes associated with climate change are likely to have impacts on the well-being, health, and productivity of many working populations across the globe. The ramifications of climate change for working populations are not restricted to increases in heat exposure. Other significant risks to worker health (including physical hazards from extreme weather events, infectious diseases, under-nutrition, and mental stresses) may be amplified by future climate change, and these...
30 CitationsSource
#1Gerd Jendritzky (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 20
#2Birger TinzH-Index: 5
Background: The close relationship between human health, performance, well-being and the thermal environment is obvious. Nevertheless, most studies of climate and climate change impacts show amazing shortcomings in the assessment of the environment. Populations living in different climates have different susceptibilities, due to socio-economic reasons, and different customary behavioural adaptations. The global distribution of risks of hazardous thermal exposure has not been analysed before. Obj...
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#1Tord Kjellstrom (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 33
#2Sabine Gabrysch (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 23
Last. Keith Dear (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 34
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The ‘high occupational temperature health and productivity suppression’ programme (Hothaps) is a multicentre health research and prevention programme aimed at quantifying the extent to which working people are affected by, or adapt to, heat exposure while working, and how global heating during climate change may increase such effects. The programme will produce essential new evidence for local, national and global assessment of negative impacts of climate change that have largely been overlooked...
70 CitationsSource
#1Tord Kjellstrom (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 33
#2Ingvar Holmér (Lund University)H-Index: 38
Last. Bruno Lemke (Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
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Thermal environment is one of the most important factors that have impact on workers' productivity. There are many hot and humid workshops in China, whose thermal environment characteristics are the high temperature, high humidity and little radiation intensity. Working in hot and humid environment for a long time not only can extremely do harm to human body health, but also probably induce accidents due to the fall of productivity. In this paper, human body experiment and statistics analysis wi...
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#1Anthony Costello (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 42
#2Mustafa Abbas (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
Last. Craig Patterson (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
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Climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. Effects of climate change on health will affect most populations in the next decades and put the lives and wellbeing of billions of people at increased risk. During this century, earthメs average surface temperature rises are likely to exceed the safe threshold of 2ᄚC above preindustrial average temperature. Rises will be greater at higher latitudes, with medium-risk scenarios predicting 2ヨ3ᄚC rises by 2090 and 4ヨ5ᄚC rises in...
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#1Tord Kjellstrom (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 33
Climate change and health has been given increasing attention during recent years, largely initiated and triggered by the insightful report by McMichael and colleagues published a decade ago (1). Until then research on, and analysis of, the impacts of climate change had focussed on environmental change and impacts on ecosystems. Further review of the health aspects (2–4) and assessment of the contribution of climate change to the global burden of disease (5) has led to a greater understanding of...
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#1Chandan K. PradhanH-Index: 4
#2Sridhar ThakurH-Index: 2
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The cycle rickshaw is a popular transportation device. The aim of the study was to assess workload of cycle rickshaw pullers–physiological and subjective at four different places in India. Subjects were instructed to pull a cycle rickshaw with two passengers, for 20 min. Working and recovery heart rates were recorded. The mean values of energy expenditure of pulling a cycle rickshaw varied from 23.5 ± 2.66 to 25.35 ± 1.51 kJ/min. Relative cardiac strain and cardiac cost indicated that the job is...
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Abstract We assess economic costs of heat-induced reductions in worker productivity at global scale under RCP2.6 and RCP8.5. Losses in worker productivity are calculated by using an empirically estimated epidemiological exposure-response function, and the associated economic costs are assessed by using a dynamic multi-region, multi-sector computable general equilibrium model. Autonomous mechanisation of outdoor work in agriculture and construction is implemented in the model. We find that under ...
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#1Ana Casanueva (UC: University of Cantabria)H-Index: 7
#2Sven Kotlarski (MeteoSwiss)H-Index: 25
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Heat exposure constitutes a major threat for European workers, with significant impacts on the workers’ health and productivity. Climate projections over the next decades show a continuous and accelerated warming over Europe together with longer, more intense and more frequent heatwaves on regional and local scales. In this work, we assess the increased risk in future occupational heat stress levels using the wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT), an index adopted by the International Standards Orga...
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#1Kwasi Frimpong (Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration)H-Index: 4
#1Kwasi Frimpong (Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration)
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Abstract Across the tropical developing countries, smallholder farmers are confronted with various climate related risks that hinge on agricultural activities. Climate change is predicted to impact smallholder farmers and their livelihood, especially within and beyond this century. Several studies have examined the impact of drought and rainfall on smallholder farmers as climate change impact assessment. However, there is limited information on impacts and coping strategies of poor farmers to he...
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Agricultural workers represent an important part of the population exposed to high heat-related health and productivity risks. This study aims to estimate the heat-related productivity loss (PL) for moderate work activities in sun and shady areas and evaluating the economic cost locally in an Italian farm and generally in the whole province of Florence. Benefits deriving by working in the shade or work-time shifting were provided. Comparisons between PL estimated in Mediterranean (Florence, Ital...
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#1Aditya Parmar (University of Greenwich)H-Index: 3
#1Aditya Parmar (University of Greenwich)
Last. Thierry Tran (SupAgro)H-Index: 9
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Exposure to air pollutants and heat stress from traditional cooking fires is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in low- and middle-income countries globally and have an adverse effect on the environment. According to the World Health Organization, 3.8 million people die annually prematurely from illness related to household air pollution. Families living in poverty are at the highest risk, especially women and children. In this study, exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), ca...
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Changes in the frequency and intensity of heat waves have shown substantial negative impacts on public health. At the same time, climate change towards increasing air temperatures throughout Europe will foster such extreme events, leading to the population being more exposed to them and societies becoming more vulnerable. Based on two climate change scenarios (Representative Concentration Pathway 4.5 and 8.5) we analysed the frequency and intensity of heat waves for three capital cities in Europ...
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#1Anton OrlovH-Index: 6
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European countries have experienced strong heat waves over the last two decades. The frequency and magnitude of such extreme weather events are expected to increase in the near future. Using an interdisciplinary approach, which combines meteorological, epidemiological and economic analyses, we assess the cost of heat-induced reductions in outdoor worker productivity in Europe caused by the heat waves in August of 2003, July of 2010, and July of 2015. We found that for the top ten most affected E...
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Adverse effects of occupational heat stress in the context of the changing climate on working populations are subtle but considerably harmful. However, social dimensions and impacts of climate change–related occupational heat concerns on workers’ safety and health, productivity and well-being are often overlooked or relegated as minor issues in social impact analyses of occupational heat exposure due to climate change. This paper offers a conceptual framework based on an appraisal and synthesis ...
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#1Israel Ropo Orimoloye (University of Fort Hare)H-Index: 4
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Abstract Urban regions have exceptional attributes that leave their dwellers and properties vulnerable to climate variability and change. Global temperatures continue to change, reaching new levels almost every year for the past two decades. This review examines the scientific evidence on the impact of climate change on urban and human health. It identifies research progress and gaps in how human society may respond to, adapt to, and prepare for the related changes. However, the causes are debat...
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