The effect of red ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) extract on the growth of mastitis causing bacterial isolates

Published on Feb 18, 2011in African Journal of Microbiology Research
· DOI :10.5897/AJMR10.776
Masniari Poeloengan1
Estimated H-index: 1
Red ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) a well known herb that was widely used as a remedy for various ailments in traditional medicine, belonged to the Zingiberaceae family. The red ginger had antibacterial properties. In the face of increasing bacterial resistance to various antibiotics and continuous efforts to look for new and safer antibacterial substances, the objective of this study was to assess the red ginger’s antibacterial potentials for treating mastitis. Mastitis was a common milking cows’ disease that caused a tremendous economic loss to dairy farms. Several bacteria that is,Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Streptococcus agalactiae were responsible for this loss. To achieve this objective 3 x 4 factorial experiment wasimplemented. Three bacterial isolates that is, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and S. agalactiaewere tested with the following each concentration of the red ginger extracts that is, 50, 25, 12.50, and 6.25%. The findings were as followed: (1) S. epidermidis was most affected by the red ginger extract, followed by S. aureus and S. agalactiae, (2) the higher the concentration of the red ginger extracts, the higher the bacterial growth inhibition effect, and (3) the growth inhibition effects of the red ginger extracts on S. aureus, S. epidermidis,and S. agalactiae isolates were highly significantly different at α < 0.0001. Therefore, the red ginger the traditional remedy was effective in controlling the three mastitis causing bacteria’s growth.   Key words: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus agalactiae, red ginger, traditional medicine, mastitis.
  • References (20)
  • Citations (6)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
3 Authors (Kamrul Islam, ..., Shahidul Kabir)
7 Citations
4 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Siddaraju M. Nanjundaiah (CSIR-CFTRI: Central Food Technological Research Institute)H-Index: 1
#2Harish Nayaka Mysore Annaiah (CSIR-CFTRI: Central Food Technological Research Institute)H-Index: 2
Last. Shylaja M. Dharmesh (CSIR-CFTRI: Central Food Technological Research Institute)H-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
Zinger officinale has been used as a traditional source against gastric disturbances from time immemorial. The ulcer-preventive properties of aqueous extract of ginger rhizome (GRAE) belonging to the family Zingiberaceae is reported in the present study. GRAE at 200 mg kg−1 b.w. protected up to 86% and 77% for the swim stress-/ethanol stress-induced ulcers with an ulcer index (UI) of 50 ± 4.0/46 ± 4.0, respectively, similar to that of lansoprazole (80%) at 30 mg kg−1 b.w. Increased H
65 CitationsSource
The aqueous and methanol extracts of 12 plants each belonging to different families were evaluated for antibacterial activity against medically important bacteria viz. B. cereus ATCC11778 , S. epidermidids ATCC12228 , E. aerogenes ATCC13048, P. vulgaris NCTC 8313, S. typhimurium ATCC 23564. The in vitro antibacterial activity was performed by agar disc diffusion and agar well diffusion method. The aqueous extracts were inactive but methanol extracts showed some degree of antibacterial activity a...
169 CitationsSource
#1Ramar Perumal Samy (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 19
#2Ponnampalam Gopalakrishnakone (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 37
The uses of traditional medicinal plants for primary health care have steadily increased worldwide in recent years. Scientists are in search of new phytochemicals that could be developed as useful anti-microbials for treatment of infectious diseases. Currently, out of 80% of pharmaceuticals derived from plants, very few are now being used as anti-microbials. Plants are rich in a wide variety of secondary metabolites that have found anti-microbial properties. This review highlights the current st...
79 CitationsSource
#1M. F. GhalyH-Index: 2
#2M. A. ShalabyH-Index: 2
Last. A. A. AyadH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
10 Citations
#1Mustafa Oskay (Celal Bayar University)H-Index: 10
#2Dilek OskayH-Index: 2
Last. Fatih KalyoncuH-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Plants used for traditional medicine contain a wide range of substances which can be used to treat various infectious diseases. Hence, antibacterial activities of ethanolic extracts of 19 plant species were studied against multi-drug resistant clinical isolates using agar well diffusion method. Extracts of Liquidambar orientalis , Vitis vinifera , Rosmarinus officinalis , Punica granatum , Cornus sanguinea , Euphorbia peplus , Ecballium elaterium , Inula viscosa and Liquidambar orientalis showed...
30 CitationsSource
23 Citations
The increasing rate of development of resistance to commonly use antibiotics have led to search for newer, more effective, affordable and easily available drugs. In this study, aqueous extracts of mangifera indica, allium cepa and carica papaya were used against infections of E. coli, salmonella enteritis, and shigella flexneri respectively. They were observed to be effective against these infectious diseases. From these observations, it may be suggested that the plants extract may possess effec...
20 Citations
Spices and herbs have been used for thousands of centuries as preservatives for foods and for medicinal purposes. Some of these spices and herbs possess antimicrobial potentials that may, in combination, be considered as alternatives to conventional antimicrobial agents especially in this era of antimicrobial drug resistance. Our interest however, is on the widely consumed Nigerian suya meat sauce called Yaji. It is a complex mixture of salt, ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper, all of wh...
12 Citations
#1S. EyobH-Index: 3
#2B. K. MartinsenH-Index: 1
Last. G. SkredeH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
The antioxidant potential of extracts and essential oils of korarima (Aframomum corrorima (Braun) P.C.M. Jansen) were investigated, as well as total phenolics, total ascorbic acid (TAA), condensed tannins (CT) and antifungal potential. Antioxidant capacities of seeds and pods as assayed in methanol extracts, and of essential oils were at moderate levels.The antioxidant activity of seeds (29.59 imol/g dry weight (DW)) was significantly higher than that of pods (14.23 imol/g DW) by FRAP (Ferric Re...
20 Citations
#1M. V. KumaraswamyH-Index: 1
#2H. U. KavithaH-Index: 1
Last. S. SatishH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Woodferdia fruticosa Kurz was tested for antibacterial activity against fourteen human pathogenic bacteria. The dried flowers were extracted with deferent solvents viz., petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol, ethanol and water using soxhlet apparatus. All the solvent extracts were evaporated to dryness using rotary flash evaporator. Dry residue was dissolved in respective solvents (1:10 w/v) and tested for antibacterial activity. The result revealed that among five solvents tested, petroleum eth...
8 Citations
Cited By6
#1Paa K. Bordoh (University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus)H-Index: 1
#2Asgar Ali (University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus)H-Index: 22
Last. Yasmeen Siddiqui (UPM: Universiti Putra Malaysia)H-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
Abstract A study was conducted to evaluate the antifungal effect of ginger, turmeric rhizome and “dukung anak” (medicinal herb) crude extract against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. & minimal concentrations 2.5 g L−1, 5.0 g L−1, 7.5 g L−1 and 10.0 g L−1 (in vitro). Additionally, the possibility of using these extracts as an edible coating to control postharvest anthracnose in dragon fruits at maximum concentrations of 5.0 g L−1, 10.0 g L−1 and 15.0 g L−1 (in vivo) were eluci...
#2Gülşen GoncagülH-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Antibiyotiklerin artan kullanimi mikroorganizmalarin direnc kazanmasina neden olmustur. Bu durumda ozellikle kolay elde edilebilen, daha az yan etkiye sahip bitki kaynakli terapotik maddelere ihtiyac duyulmaktadir. Zingiber officinale eski caglardan beri tum dunyada dogrudan antimikrobiyal etkinlige sahip olmasi nedeniyle bakteriyel enfeksiyonlarin tedavisinde kullanilmistir. Calismamizda Zingiber officinale bitkisinin Soxhlette hazirlanan etanol ekstraktlarinin, standart Staphylococcus aureus (...
#1M. Y. AshrafH-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
#1Sakina MussaratH-Index: 8
#2Rahila AmberH-Index: 4
Last. Roqaia BibiH-Index: 3
view all 7 authors...
The present study was aimed to document detailed ethnopharmacological knowledge of medicinal plants against livestock infections of an unexplored remote region of Pakistan. Semistructured questionnaires were used for data collection. Total 43 plants belonging to 26 families were found to be used in ethnoveterinary practices. Seeds (29%) were found to be the most frequent plant part used followed by leaves (22%). Ethnoveterinary recipes were mostly prepared in the form of decoction and powdering....
9 CitationsSource
#1Nada KhazalH-Index: 2
#2Kadhim HindiH-Index: 2
Last. Adil Ghani ChabuckH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
4 Citations
2 CitationsSource
#1Iram Gull (University of the Punjab)H-Index: 5
#2Mariam Saeed (University of the Punjab)H-Index: 1
Last. Amin M Athar (University of the Punjab)H-Index: 1
view all 6 authors...
Background Herbs and spices are very important and useful as therapeutic agent against many pathological infections. Increasing multidrug resistance of pathogens forces to find alternative compounds for treatment of infectious diseases.
54 CitationsSource