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Antibacterial and phytochemical studies on twelve species of Indian medicinal plants

Published on Feb 5, 2010in African Journal of Biomedical Research
· DOI :10.4314/ajbr.v10i2.50624
Jigna Parekh14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Sumitra Chanda29
Estimated H-index: 29
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Abstract
The aqueous and methanol extracts of 12 plants each belonging to different families were evaluated for antibacterial activity against medically important bacteria viz. B. cereus ATCC11778 , S. epidermidids ATCC12228 , E. aerogenes ATCC13048, P. vulgaris NCTC 8313, S. typhimurium ATCC 23564. The in vitro antibacterial activity was performed by agar disc diffusion and agar well diffusion method. The aqueous extracts were inactive but methanol extracts showed some degree of antibacterial activity against the tested bacterial strains. S. typhimurium was the most resistant bacteria while B. cereus was the most susceptible bacteria. Amongst the plant species screened, methanol extract of Bauhinia variegata bark showed best antibacterial activity. (Afr. J. Biomed. Res. 10: 175 – 181)
  • References (17)
  • Citations (160)
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References17
Newest
Published on Dec 10, 2009in African Journal of Biomedical Research
Jigna Parekh14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Sumitra Chanda29
Estimated H-index: 29
The aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Launaea procumbens Roxb. (Labiateae), Vitis vinifera L. (Vitaceae) and Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae) were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against clinically important bacteria viz. Alcaligenes faecalis ATCC8750, Bacillus cereus ATCC11778, Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633, Enterobacter aerogenes ATCC13048, Escherichia coli ATCC25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae NCIM2719, Proteus mirabilis NCIM224, Proteus vulgaris NCTC8313, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27853, Pseud...
Published on Jun 1, 2005in Journal of Ethnopharmacology3.41
Christopher David Romero1
Estimated H-index: 1
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Suzzette Fontenelle Chopin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
+ 3 AuthorsLisa Bixby1
Estimated H-index: 1
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Curanderismo, widely practiced in the southwest, is an alternative medical system that has been neglected by scientific research. This project analyzed the antibiotic properties of 23 common herbal remedies used in South Texas to treat wounds and infections. Ethanolic tinctures and aqueous extracts of each plant were prepared and applied to blank diffusion disks. These disks were desiccated and used in Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion susceptibility tests on three bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseu...
Published on Jan 1, 2005in Indian Journal of Pharmacology1.04
P. Jigna1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Saurashtra University),
N. Rathish1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Saurashtra University),
C. Sumitra1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Saurashtra University)
Published on Jun 1, 2004in Microbial Drug Resistance2.40
Henrik Westh17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Christina Scheel Zinn2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Vibeke Thamdrup Rosdahl22
Estimated H-index: 22
Antibiotic consumption during 1996 was measured in 15 large hospitals from 14 countries and 3000 consecutive Staphylococcus aureus samples were collected, allowing calculation of local resistance rates and typing of isolates. Antibiotic consumption data were converted to defined daily doses (DDD), and similar antibiotics were grouped if they belonged to the same therapeutic subgroup. Variations in hospital size were corrected by using DDD per 1000 bed-days. The total antibiotic consumption in th...
Published on May 1, 2004in Journal of Ethnopharmacology3.41
W.M. Koné3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
K. Kamanzi Atindehou8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 3 AuthorsM. Dosso3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Pasteur Institute)
Sixty-seven crude ethanol extracts from 50 plants (31 families), which are used in North Cote-d'Ivoire as traditional remedies for bacterial diseases, were screened for in vitro activity against Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram positive (Staphyloccocus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus pyogenes and Bacillus subtilis) bacteria. Thirty-one extracts showed antibacterial activity only on Gram positive bacteria. Of these, 10 extracts from 10 plant specie...
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Journal of Ethnopharmacology3.41
T. Okpekon2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Séri F. Yolou2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 7 AuthorsR. Hocquemiller21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Paris)
During an ethnopharmacological survey of antiparasitic medicinal plants used in Ivory Coast, 17 plants were identified and collected. Polar, non-polar and alkaloidic extracts of various parts of these species were evaluated in vitro in an antiparasitic drug screening. Antimalarial, leishmanicidal, trypanocidal, antihelminthiasis and antiscabies activities were determined. Among the selected plants, Anogeissus leiocarpus and Terminalia glaucescens were strongly active against Plasmodium falciparu...
Published on Nov 1, 2003in Therapie1.36
Mouhssen Lahlou1
Estimated H-index: 1
Many traditional herbal remedies contain active principles, the effects of which can be demonstrated pharmacologically; the biological activity of the whole plant extract is usually related to the constituents that have been identified. Thus, active extracts detected by screening methods are often subjected to more elaborate bioassays to determine their specific pharmacological activity. This paper aims to elucidate the biological, pharmacological and clinical approaches used in the screening of...
Published on Jan 1, 2003in Pharmaceutical Biology2.49
Anthony Jide Afolayan37
Estimated H-index: 37
(University of Fort Hare)
Acetone, methanol and water extracts obtained from the shoots of Arctotis arctotoides through shaking and homogenization, were investigated for their antimicrobial activities. Growth inhibition using agar dilution assays was determined against ten selected bacterial and six fungal species. Although not fungicidal, extracts from the herb showed significant growth inhibition against all the fungi tested. The homogenized water extract was particularly inhibitory to the growth of the fungi with inhi...
Published on Jan 1, 2002
Maurice M. Iwu18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Jacqueline C. Wootton1
Estimated H-index: 1
Introduction, M. Iwu drugs from nature - past achievements, future prospects, G. Cragg, D.J. Newman natural products for high throughput screening, A.L. Harvey medical ethnobotanical research as a method to identify bioactive plants to treat infectious diseases, T.J.S. Carlson development of Herbmedr, an interactive, evidence-based herbal database, J. Wootton natural products - a continuing source of inspiration for the medicinal chemist, S. Mbua Ngale Efange integrating African ethnomedicine in...
Published on May 1, 2001in Plant Growth Regulation2.47
J.L.S. Taylor10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Natal),
T. Rabe9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Natal)
+ 2 AuthorsJohannes Van Staden65
Estimated H-index: 65
A large proportion of the population of developing countries usestraditional medicine alone, or in combination with Western drugs to treat awide variety of ailments. There has seldom been effective collaborationbetween the traditional and Western medical practitioners, largely due tothe perception that the use of traditional and herbal medicines has noscientific basis. With the renewed interest from Western countries in herbalremedies, and the increasingly urgent need to develop new effective dr...
Cited By160
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Published on 2019in Trees-structure and Function1.80
Andrey de Oliveira Costa1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UFG: Universidade Federal de Goiás),
Lázara Aline Simões Silva (UFG: Universidade Federal de Goiás)+ 5 AuthorsDiego Ismael Rocha10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UFG: Universidade Federal de Goiás)
Key message Cytokinin supplementation was essential for the induction of shoot proliferation and in vitro organogenesis from shoot apices and cotyledons of D. regia, respectively.
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Industrial Crops and Products4.19
Aurelio Scavo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Catania),
Gaetano Pandino15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Catania)
+ 3 AuthorsGiovanni Mauromicale25
Estimated H-index: 25
(University of Catania)
Abstract The growth inhibition of bacterial species through bioactive natural compounds is an already consolidated purpose in the scientific community, with the dual aim to reduce environmental and health hazards derived from synthetic products and to manage the increasing diffusion of antimicrobial resistance. Aqueous, methanolic and ethanolic extracts at two different concentrations from cultivated cardoon leaves ( Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis DC.) were assessed in vitro for antimicrobia...
Published on Nov 2, 2018in Journal of Asian Natural Products Research1.17
Shu Dong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Huada: Beijing University of Chemical Technology),
Li-Yan Ma2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Peking Union Medical College)
+ 5 AuthorsZhong-Mei Zou15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Peking Union Medical College)
AbstractCostunolide and dehydrocostuslactone are the main active ingredients of Radix Aucklandiae (RA). An accurate and sensitive LC-MS/MS method was established to simultaneously determine contents of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in plasma. There were significant differences in pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC0−t, Cmax,1, Cmax,2, Tmax,1, Vd, and CL) of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone between RA group and costunolide group or dehydrocostuslactone group. The relative bioavailability o...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in South African Journal of Botany1.50
D. Ramya Devi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(SASTRA: Shanmugha Arts, Science),
S. Sowmiya Lakshna (SASTRA: Shanmugha Arts, Science)+ 1 AuthorsB.N. Vedha Hari5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SASTRA: Shanmugha Arts, Science)
Abstract Extracts of the leaves, roots, stem, seeds and bark of Albizia amara have been scientifically proven to have certain anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities. They were also indicated in traditional folk medicine for treatment of wounds, abscesses, boils and dandruff. The purpose of this study is to experimentally prove the wound healing efficiency of A. amara leaves extract in Wistar rats with excision wound models, for the first time. Aqueous and ethanolic extract...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering1.52
Essam H. Ibrahim4
Estimated H-index: 4
(King Khalid University),
Kamel H. Shaker11
Estimated H-index: 11
(King Khalid University)
+ 1 AuthorsHamed A. Ghramh3
Estimated H-index: 3
(King Khalid University)
Drug development can depend on natural products. The Euphorbiaceae family, especially the genus Euphorbia, with a distinct regard to the Euphorbia tirucalli, is used as folk medicine in some Saudi Arabian regions. There is a lot of evidence that its latex has immunomodulatory activities. It is possible that the mechanism for such activities involves immune cells activation and production of cytokines. For the first time, in this work we aim to evaluate the production of \(\hbox {T}_{\mathrm{H}}1...
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Journal of Infection and Public Health2.49
Muhamad Ali K. Shakhatreh4
Estimated H-index: 4
(JUST: Jordan University of Science and Technology),
Jacob H. Jacob6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Al al-Bayt University)
+ 4 AuthorsMutaz A. Abd Al-razaq1
Estimated H-index: 1
(YU: Yarmouk University)
Abstract Ma’in hot springs are known as sites of balneotherapy. However, little is known about their microbiology and chemistry. In this study, we aim at evaluating the antimicrobial activity of Ma’in hot-springs water (MHSW), studying its microbiology, and determining its physicochemical properties including the heavy metals content. Therefore, water samples were collected from Ma’in hot springs and tested for antimicrobial activity using agar diffusion method. Water was then cultivated on nutr...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Journal of Herbal Medicine1.55
Anam Fatima1
Estimated H-index: 1
(QAU: Quaid-i-Azam University),
Mushtaq Ahmad Marwat29
Estimated H-index: 29
(QAU: Quaid-i-Azam University)
+ 4 AuthorsShazia Sultana20
Estimated H-index: 20
(QAU: Quaid-i-Azam University)
Abstract Ethnopharmacological relevance This is the first study of the indigenous knowledge in regard to the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of oral diseases in the Central Punjab, Pakistan region. The study aimed to document indigenous knowledge about the treatments of oral diseases using quantitative ethnobotanical indices, as well as highlighting important medicinal plant species by comparing the data obtained with previously published ethnobotanical and pharmacological data. Method...
Published on Jun 5, 2017in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering6.97
Tanur Sinha10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
M. Ahmaruzzaman17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 1 AuthorsRekha Bora1
Estimated H-index: 1
Herein, we describe a phytosynthetic, additive-free, economically viable, environmentally sustainable and rapid methodology for the formation of sphere-shaped Ag-SnO2 nanocomposites of 9 nm average particle size employing the stem extracts of Saccharum officinarum. Employing various spectroscopic techniques, the morphology, size, crystallinity, elemental conformation, and functional groups liable for surface stabilization as well as capping were depicted. Considerably, the Ag-SnO2 nanocomposite ...
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