The Effect of Pioglitazone on Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ Target Genes Related to Lipid Storage In Vivo
OBJECTIVE —Pioglitazone is a member of the thiazolidinediones (TZDs), insulin-sensitizing agents used to treat type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to define the effect of pioglitazone on the expression of genes related to carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in subcutaneous fat obtained from type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS —Forty-eight volunteers with type 2 diabetes were divided into two groups treated for 12 weeks with placebo or pioglitazone (30 mg/day). The expression of several genes was quantified by real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS —Pioglitazone treatment increased the expression of genes involved in glycerol-3-phosphate synthesis. The mRNA expression of PEPCK-C and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) increased ( P P P CONCLUSIONS —Treatment with pioglitazone increased body weight, and this is associated with upregulation of some, but not all, genes previously demonstrated as “TZD responsive” in subcutaneous fat. The results suggest that TZDs might increase body weight through the upregulation of genes facilitating adipocyte lipid storage in vivo.
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