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Personality and stress.

Published on Sep 1, 2001in Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 1.33
· DOI :10.1111/1467-9450.00245
Margarete E. Vollrath31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UZH: University of Zurich)
Abstract
Recent years have witnessed an upsurge of interest in how personality affects the stress process. This paper reports on a broad spectrum of findings on the relationships between personality and stress, taking transactional stress theory as the point of departure. A first part outlines the different approaches stress research has taken within personality psychology as opposed to research based on transactional stress theory and discusses the debate between these two paradigms. The second part gives an overview of empirical findings, with a focus on the Big Five personality factors, in order to demonstrate that personality affects the stress process in every aspect. The discussion suggests that we address unresolved problems of transactional stress research in the framework of interactionist personality psychology. Special attention ought to be given to developing a better understanding of situational characteristics, stress-producing mechanisms, and the functions of situational choices and coping strategies for personality.
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in Studies in Educational Evaluation 1.10
Lau Lilleholt2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen),
Anders Aaby1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Southern Denmark),
Guido Makransky12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen)
Abstract Many university students report being stressed which has been linked with various negative outcomes. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the selection effects of different admission procedures on students’ stress level. The sample consisted of 196 students who had been admitted to the psychology program at the University of Southern Denmark based either on their grade point average (admission procedure 1), or a combination of a cognitive test and multiple mini interviews (a...
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Published on Feb 1, 2019in Comprehensive Psychiatry 2.13
Nirit Haruvi-Lamdan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BIU: Bar-Ilan University),
Shiri Lebendiger (BIU: Bar-Ilan University)+ 1 AuthorsDanny Horesh13
Estimated H-index: 13
(BIU: Bar-Ilan University)
Abstract Background and objectives Previous research indicates that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face an increased risk of experiencing traumatic events. Autistic Traits (AT), characteristic of ASD, are continuously distributed across the general population. Our main objective was to examine the association between AT and PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), a topic rarely assessed before. Methods One hundred and three college students from 3 academic areas, previously found...
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Published on Feb 1, 2019in European Journal of Dental Education 1.34
Nicole Stormon1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Pauline Ford20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Diann Eley23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UQ: University of Queensland)
Dentistry is known to be a challenging degree and students are often under considerable academic pressure which may lead to stress and difficulties in coping. Personality influences coping ability, yet very little is known about the personality traits of dentistry students. This study aimed to describe the personality profiles of students enrolled in an Australian undergraduate dental degree. Students enrolled in year one and two of the undergraduate dental programme at The University of Queensl...
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Published on Dec 25, 2018in Psychiatry Investigation 1.43
Omid Soliemanifar2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Arman Soleymanifar (Golestan University), Reza Afrisham6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
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Published on Aug 6, 2018in Systems Research and Behavioral Science 0.86
Bill Cheuk Long Chan1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Michelle Luciano7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh),
Billy Lee5
Estimated H-index: 5
Subjective wellbeing (SWB) has been widely accepted as one of the most important elements of successful ageing. The present study explores the impact of two well-established correlates of SWB: physical activity and personality. Physical activity and each of the Big Five personality traits are consistent predictors of SWB, but there has been little research on whether certain personality traits enhance or hinder the psychological benefits of physical activity in older adults. This study examines ...
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Published on Jun 8, 2018in Journal of Medical Internet Research 4.67
Akane Sano10
Estimated H-index: 10
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Sara Taylor6
Estimated H-index: 6
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
+ 4 AuthorsRosalind W. Picard77
Estimated H-index: 77
(MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Background: Wearable and mobile devices that capture multimodal data have the potential to identify risk factors for high stress and poor mental health and to provide information to improve health and well-being. Objective: We developed new tools that provide objective physiological and behavioral measures using wearable sensors and mobile phones, together with methods that improve their data integrity. The aim of this study was to examine, using machine learning, how accurately these measures c...
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2018in European Journal of Psychotraumatology 4.21
Beatriz Ponce de León1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Southern Denmark),
Søren Bo Andersen6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 1 AuthorsAsk Elklit31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Southern Denmark)
1 Citations Source Cite
A Madamet1
Estimated H-index: 1
(François Rabelais University),
Catherine Potard1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Angers)
+ 2 AuthorsRobert Courtois9
Estimated H-index: 9
(François Rabelais University)
Abstract Introduction Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is rare among police officers, but the symptoms of PTSD are not. Personality traits can be a contributing factor of stress disorders. Based on the big five personality traits, three personality profiles can be identified: resilient, overcontrolled and undercontrolled. Resilient people are characterized by high emotional stability (low neuroticism), high social skills and self-confidence. Overcontrollers have higher scores on neuroticism...
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Published on Nov 24, 2017
Razieh Froutan2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Reza Mazlom6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 1 AuthorsAmir Mirhaghi6
Estimated H-index: 6
Purpose Resilience can be of assistance to paramedics in order to maintain their own mental balance in stressful work environments. Since it is not well defined which personality traits are correlated with resilience in these personnel, the purpose of this paper is to explain the relationship between personality traits and levels of resilience. Design/methodology/approach This cross-sectional study was conducted on paramedics in Eastern Iran through field research. The study participants were se...
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