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Association between Heat Stress and Occupational Injury among Thai Workers: Findings of the Thai Cohort Study

Published on Jan 1, 2013in Industrial Health1.319
· DOI :10.2486/indhealth.2012-0138
Benjawan Tawatsupa10
Estimated H-index: 10
(ANU: Australian National University),
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan16
Estimated H-index: 16
(ANU: Australian National University)
+ 3 AuthorsAdrian Sleigh35
Estimated H-index: 35
(ANU: Australian National University)
Sources
Abstract
Global warming will increase heat stress at home and at work. Few studies have addressed the health consequences in tropical low and middle income settings such as Thailand. We report on the associ ...
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  • References (29)
  • Citations (64)
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References29
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#1Jonathan Fan (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 3
#2Christopher B. McLeod (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 15
Last. Mieke Koehoorn (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 9
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Objective This study examined the rates and distribution of serious work-related injuries by demographic, work and injury characteristics in British Columbia, Canada from 2002–2008, using population-based data. Methods Claims for workers with a serious injury were extracted from workers’ compensation data. Serious injuries were defined by long duration, high cost, serious medical diagnosis, or fatality. Workforce estimates were used to calculate stratum-specific rates. Rate-ratios (RR) and 95% C...
18 CitationsSource
#1Benjawan Tawatsupa (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 10
#2Lynette L.-Y. Lim (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 31
Last. Adrian Sleigh (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 35
view all 5 authors...
Background: We examined the relationship between self-reported occupational heat stress and incidence of self-reported doctor-diagnosed kidney disease in Thai workers.Methods: Data were derived fro ...
43 CitationsSource
#1Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 16
#2Keren Stephan (Monash University)H-Index: 1
Last. Adrian Sleigh (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 35
view all 7 authors...
Background: Information is needed regarding risk factors associated with injury. In middle- and lower-income countries, injury studies have focused on road traffic injuries and less attention has been given to other types of injuries.Methods: This study is part of overarching health-risk transition research in Thailand with a large national cohort study that began in 2005 (n=87,134). Associations between potential determinants and overall injury were measured, as well as injury by location (tran...
17 CitationsSource
Climate change is increasing heat exposure in places such as Central America, a tropical region with generally hot/humid conditions. Working people are at particular risk of heat stress because of the intrabody heat production caused by physical labor. This article aims to describe the risks of occupational heat exposure on health and productivity in Central America, and to make tentative estimates of the impact of ongoing climate change on these risks. A review of relevant literature and estima...
40 CitationsSource
Background: The rise in global temperature is well documented. Changes in temperature lead to increases in heat exposure, which may impact health ranging from mild heat rashes to deadly heat stroke. Heat exposure can also aggravate several chronic diseases including cardiovascular and respiratory disease. Objective: This study examined the relationship between climate condition and health status and productivity in two main categories of the occupational setting - where one setting involves heat...
28 CitationsSource
#1Benjawan Tawatsupa (Thailand Ministry of Public Health)H-Index: 10
#2Lynette L.-Y. Lim (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 31
Last. Adrian Sleigh (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 35
view all 5 authors...
Background: Occupational heat stress is a well-known problem, particularly in tropical countries, affecting workers, health and well-being. There are very few recent studies that have reported on the effect of heat stress on mental health, or overall health in workers, although socioeconomic development and rapid urbanization in tropical developing countries like Thailand create working conditions in which heat stress is likely. Objective: This study is aimed at identifying the relationship betw...
71 CitationsSource
#1Angela Mathee (South African Medical Research Council)H-Index: 22
#2Joy Oba (South African Medical Research Council)H-Index: 1
Last. Andre Rose (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Background: It is now widely accepted that climate change is occurring as a result of the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere. With the prospect of a warmer world, increased attention is being devoted to the implications for worker well-being and work performance. Objectives: The ‘high occupational temperature health and productivity suppression’ (HOTHAPS) programme is a multi-centre health research and prevention programme aimed at characterising and quantifying the extent ...
36 CitationsSource
#1Olivia M. HyattH-Index: 3
#2Bruno Lemke (Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology)H-Index: 9
Last. Tord Kjellstrom (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Background: An important feature of climate change is increasing human heat exposure in workplaces without cooling systems in tropical and subtropical countries. Detailed gridded heat exposure maps will provide essential information for public health authorities. Objectives: To develop and test methods for calculating occupational heat exposures and present results in easily interpreted maps. Design: Published formulas for a common occupational heat exposure index, the WBGT (Wet Bulb Globe Tempe...
54 CitationsSource
#1Karen Stephan (Monash University)H-Index: 11
#2Roderick John McClure (Monash University)H-Index: 37
Last. Adrian Sleigh (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 35
view all 7 authors...
Countries need epidemiological information about population injury statistics to devise preventive strategies. To generate such information we estimated the one-year incidence and distribution of injury in a group of 87,134 adult Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University distance-learning students residing throughout Thailand. Those who participated joined the study by filling out a baseline questionnaire in 2005 which included a one-year recall of injuries serious enough to interfere with daily ac...
9 Citations
#1Tord Kjellstrom (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 33
#2R. Sari Kovats (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 22
Last. Richard S. J. Tol (Economic and Social Research Institute)H-Index: 88
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Global climate change will increase outdoor and indoor heat loads, and may impair health and productivity for millions of working people. This study applies physiological evidence about effects of heat, climate guidelines for safe work environments, climate modelling and global distributions of working populations, to estimate the impact of two climate scenarios on future labour productivity. In most regions, climate change will decrease labour productivity, under the simple assumption of no spe...
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Abstract We assess economic costs of heat-induced reductions in worker productivity at global scale under RCP2.6 and RCP8.5. Losses in worker productivity are calculated by using an empirically estimated epidemiological exposure-response function, and the associated economic costs are assessed by using a dynamic multi-region, multi-sector computable general equilibrium model. Autonomous mechanisation of outdoor work in agriculture and construction is implemented in the model. We find that under ...
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#1Jacob F. Piil (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 2
#2Lasse Christiansen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 7
Last. Lars Nybo (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 43
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Health and performance impairments provoked by thermal stress are societal challenges geographically spreading and intensifying with global warming. Yet, science may be underestimating the true impact, since no study has evaluated effects of sunlight exposure on human brain temperature and function. Accordingly, performance in cognitively dominated and combined motor-cognitive tasks and markers of rising brainstem temperature were evaluated during exposure to simulated sunlight (equal to ~1000 w...
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Epidemiological evidence has shown an association between exposure to high temperatures and occupational injuries, an issue gaining importance with environmental change. The aim of this study was to better understand contributing risk factors and preventive actions based on personal experiences. Interviews were conducted with 21 workers from five Australian states using a critical phenomenological approach to capture the lived experiences of participants, whilst exploring contextual factors that...
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Exposure to extreme temperature is a critical occupational risk factor. This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to extreme temperatures and injury at the workplace using data from 92,238 workers (46,175 male and 46,063 female) from the 2014 and 2017 Korean Working Condition Survey. Exposure to extremely high or low temperatures, injury experiences, and personal protective equipment (PPE) wearing behavior were investigated using a questionnaire. Logistic regression analys...
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#1Blesson Varghese (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 12
#2Adrian G. Barnett (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 53
Last. Dino Pisaniello (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 22
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Background The thermal working environment can have direct and in-direct effects on health and safety. Ambient temperatures have been associated with an increased risk of occupational injuries but it is unknown how the relationship can vary by weather, location and climate. Objectives To examine the relationship between ambient temperatures and work-related injury and illness compensation claims in three Australian cities: Melbourne and Perth (temperate climate) and Brisbane (subtropical climate...
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#1Bin Jiang (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 5
#2Huaqing Wang (A&M: Texas A&M University)
Last. Mathew Pryor (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Stress and anxiety are pervasive mental health problems in “sweatshop” manufacturing factories, leading to depression, violence, and suicide. Previous studies ascribed workers’ mental health problems to social-demographic and employment factors. Few have explored whether, and to what extent, the outdoor environment impacts workers’ stress and anxiety status. Without this understanding, we lose the opportunity to create evidence-based environmental interventions that promote mental healt...
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#1June T. Spector (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 13
#2Yuta J. Masuda (TNC: The Nature Conservancy)H-Index: 9
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Purpose of Review The burden of heat-related adverse occupational health effects, as well as traumatic injuries, is already substantial. Projected increases in mean temperatures and extreme events may increase the risk of adverse heat health effects and enhance disparities among exposed workers. This article reviews the emerging literature on the relationship between heat exposure and occupational traumatic injuries and discusses implications of this work.
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#1Victor Fannam Nunfam (ECU: Edith Cowan University)H-Index: 4
#2Kwadwo Adusei-Asante (ECU: Edith Cowan University)H-Index: 4
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Adverse effects of occupational heat stress in the context of the changing climate on working populations are subtle but considerably harmful. However, social dimensions and impacts of climate change–related occupational heat concerns on workers’ safety and health, productivity and well-being are often overlooked or relegated as minor issues in social impact analyses of occupational heat exposure due to climate change. This paper offers a conceptual framework based on an appraisal and synthesis ...
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Abstract Motorcycle protective clothing (PPE) effectively reduces the risk of injury in crashes, however in hot conditions many motorcyclists ride unprotected. Recent work found available motorcycle PPE to be thermally inefficient in hot weather with potential to cause significant thermal strain under average Australian summer conditions. The current study investigated the potential for the cognitive and psychophysical concomitants of thermal strain to compromise reaction times, mood and fatigue...
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#1Mary MooreH-Index: 1
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Wildland firefighting requires repetitive (e.g., consecutive work shifts) physical work in dangerous conditions (e.g., heat and pollution). Workers commonly enter these environments in a nonacclimated state, leading to fatigue and heightened injury risk. Strategies to improve tolerance to these stressors are lacking. Purpose: To determine if glutamine ingestion prior to and after consecutive days of firefighting simulations in the heat attenuates subjective ratings of fatigue, and evaluate if re...
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