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Professor James M. Tanner and the sport sciences

Published on Sep 1, 2012in Annals of Human Biology1.588
· DOI :10.3109/03014460.2012.671850
Robert M. Malina76
Estimated H-index: 76
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Abstract
Background: Although Tanner was not directly involved in physical education or the sport sciences, several of his papers addressed issues related to research in the area. Aim: To consider the implications of selected papers and research projects for the sport sciences. Papers and Implications: Several early papers addressed ratio standards, somatotype and total cholesterol, and anthropometric and somatotype changes associated weight training and cessation of training in young adult men. The papers have, respectively, implications for current studies of allometric scaling, physique and risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic complications, and responses to training. The survey of athletes at the 1960 Rome Olympic Games not only added to the literature but to some extent also set the stage for subsequent surveys of Olympic athletes in 1968, 1972 and 1976. Although not directly involved in the mixed-longitudinal study of Training of Youth Athletes (TOYA) in several sports, it was conducted in his depar...
  • References (113)
  • Citations (3)
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References113
Newest
#1Robert M. Malina (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 76
The influence of regular physical activity on children and adolescents is considered in the context of: (1) commonly used indicators of growth and maturation; (2) indicators of health status and physical fitness; and (3) training for sport. Physical activity has no apparent effect on stature or on indicators of biological maturation, but it is an important factor in the regulation of body weight and specifically fatness and bone mineral, physical fitness and several indicators of chronic disease...
3 CitationsSource
Problems with accurate chronological age (CA) reporting occur on a more or less regular basis in youth sports. As a result, there is increasing discussion of age verification. Use of ‘bone age’ or skeletal age (SA) for the purpose of estimating or verifying CA has been used in medicolegal contexts for many years and also in youth sport competitions. This article reviews the concept of SA, and the three most commonly used methods of assessment. Variation in SA within CA groups among male soccer p...
74 CitationsSource
#1Robert M. Malina (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 76
#2Christina A. Geithner (GU: Gonzaga University)H-Index: 6
Absolute and relative components of body mass are a primary focus in studies of body composition. Components change with growth and maturation, requiring care in selecting methods of assessment in children and adolescents. Although sex differences are apparent in fat-free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM), and relative fatness (% Fat) during childhood, they are more clearly defined during adolescence and adulthood. Body composition is one of many determinants of sport performance, but % Fat tends to be ...
32 CitationsSource
#1Gaston BeunenH-Index: 52
#2Robert M. MalinaH-Index: 76
30 CitationsSource
#1Joanne R. WelsmanH-Index: 30
#2Neil ArmstrongH-Index: 45
5 CitationsSource
Intensive training at a young age may adversely affect the growth and sexual maturation of female athletes, resulting in compromised adult stature. Purpose: To compare the somatic growth, sexual maturation, and final adult height of elite adolescent female athletes. Methods: Serial measures of height, sitting height, and breast and pubic hair development were taken on 81 gymnasts, 60 swimmers, and 81 tennis players between 8 and 19 yr of age. Menarcheal age, parental heights, maternal menarcheal...
57 CitationsSource
#1Christoph PerlethH-Index: 4
#2Annett WildeH-Index: 2
3 CitationsSource
Objective:To review the effects of resistance training programs on pre- and early-pubertal youth in the context of response, potential influence on growth and maturation, and occurrence of injury.Design:Evidence-based review.Methods:Twenty-two reports dealing with experimental resistance training pr
110 CitationsSource
#1Judy A. DriskellH-Index: 18
#2Ira Wolinsky (NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)H-Index: 7
SECTION I DIETARY ASSESSMENT OF ATHLETES Chapter 1 Estimation of Food and Nutrient Intakes of Athletes Robert J. Moffatt, Virginia B. Tomatis, Donna A. Harris, and Ashley M. Deetz Chapter 2 Evaluation of Nutrient Adequacy of Athletes' Diets Nanna L. Meyer and Melinda M. Manore SECTION II ANTHROPOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF ATHLETES Chapter 3 Physique Assessment of Athletes: Concepts, Methods, and Applications Gary J. Slater, Helen T. O'Connor, and Fiona E. Pelly Chapter 4 Body Composition and Gender Di...
14 CitationsSource
Purpose: The aims of this study are two-fold: first, to analyze intraindividual allometric development of aerobic power of 73 boys followed at annual intervals from 8 to 16 yr, and second, to relate scaled aerobic power with level of habitual physical activity and biological maturity status. Methods: Peak (V) over dot O-2 (treadmill), height, and body mass were measured. Biological maturity was based on age at peak height velocity (PHV) and level of physical activity was based on five assessment...
40 CitationsSource
Cited By3
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#1Robert M. Malina (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 76
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#1João Valente-dos-Santos (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 11
#2Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 18
Last. Robert M. Malina (Tarleton State University)H-Index: 76
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AbstractBackground: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is routinely scaled as mL O2 per kilogram body mass despite theoretical and statistical limitations of using ratios.Aim: To examine the contribution of maturity status and body size descriptors to age-associated inter-individual variability in VO2peak and to present static allometric models to normalize VO2peak in male youth soccer players.Subjects and methods: Total body and estimates of total and regional lean mass were measured with dual energy...
8 CitationsSource
Experts of medicine, philosophy and psychology found that human somatotypes were related to personality or physical characteristics and classified somatotypes into various forms. This study explored the changes and types of somatotyping methods from Before Christ to present day and identified the status of studies of somatotypes in the area of physical therapy. This study covered the methods applied in various majors with a focus on those provided in books and papers of Heath BH. and Carter JEL....
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