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Family Functioning and Income Does Low-Income Status Impact Family Functioning?

Published on Jul 1, 2013in The Family Journal
· DOI :10.1177/1066480713476836
Abigail K. Mansfield11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Rhode Island Hospital),
Jennifer Dealy4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Rhode Island Hospital),
Gabor I. Keitner48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Rhode Island Hospital)
Abstract
This study explored the impact of income status (low-income vs. non-low-income) on family functioning, social support, and quality of life in a community sample of 125 families. The sample identified themselves as 17% Black or African American, 7% Latino, 4% Asian, and 66% White. The mean age of participants was 37 years. The study used a self-report measure of perceived family functioning, the Family Assessment Device (FAD). Results demonstrated that low-income status was associated with less satisfaction with several areas of family functioning, and that the effect of having a family member with a psychiatric disorder on family functioning depended on income status, with low-income families with a psychiatric disorder endorsing much greater dissatisfaction with family functioning than non-low-income families with a psychiatric disorder. Low-income families also had significantly lower social support and quality of life scores than non-low-income families. Low-income status appears to put stress on famil...
  • References (47)
  • Citations (13)
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References47
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#1Ingrid Schoon (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 33
#2Elizabeth Jones (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 5
Last. Barbara MaughanH-Index: 6
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Associations between the characteristics of the family environment, in particular poverty and family structure, and cognitive development are well established, yet little is known about the role of timing and accumulation of risk in early childhood. The aim of this paper is to assess the associations between income poverty, family instability and cognitive development in early childhood. In particular, it tests the relative role of family economic hardship compared with family instability in aff...
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#1Catherine DeCarlo Santiago (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 10
#2Erica Moran Etter (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 4
Last. Tali Raviv (Children's Memorial Hospital)H-Index: 10
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Abstract This study tested how poverty-related stress (PRS), psychological distress, and responses to stress predicted future effortful coping and involuntary stress responses one year later. In addition, we explored age, sex, ethnicity, and parental influences on responses to stress over time. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses conducted with 98 low-income families (300 family members: 136 adults, 82 school-aged children, 82 adolescents) revealed that primary control coping, secondary contro...
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#1Catherine DeCarlo Santiago (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 6
#2Martha E. Wadsworth (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 26
Last. Jessica Stump (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 1
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Living with persistent poverty is toxic for one's psychological health. This study examined SES, income, neighborhood disadvantage, and poverty-related stress as predictors of a wide range of psychological problems including anxiety, depression, aggression, relationship problems, physical problems, and trouble with the law. Longitudinal analyses were conducted with a low-income multiethnic sample of 98 families recruited from the greater Denver, CO metropolitan area (300 family members: 136 adul...
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#1Jeffrey Dew (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 15
#2Jeremy B. Yorgason (BYU: Brigham Young University)H-Index: 19
Tests of the relationship between economic difficulties and marital distress have generally excluded retirement-aged couples. Given the aging U.S. population and the upcoming retirement of the baby boom cohort, this research gap is problematic.To rectify this omission, this study uses longitudinal data from the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH; N = 3,853) and assesses whether the family stress model operates differently for three retirement-aged groups of couples (one group that ...
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#2Andrew Page (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 54
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Purpose In the domain of mental health outcomes, increasing interest has been shown in complementing traditional symptom measures with measures of a patient’s quality of life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the value of including the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q) in the routine assessment battery used at a psychiatric hospital.
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#1Gabor I. Keitner (Brown University)H-Index: 48
#2Steven J. Garlow (Emory University)H-Index: 19
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Economic disadvantage is associated with multiple risks to early socioemotional development. This article reviews research regarding family stress frameworks to model the pathways from economic disadvantage to negative child outcomes via family processes. Future research in this area should expand definitions of family and household to incorporate diversity and instability. This expansion would be particularly relevant for research among low-income ethnic minority families and families with youn...
96 CitationsSource
#1Martha E. Wadsworth (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 26
#2Tali Raviv (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 10
Last. Lindsey Einhorn (DU: University of Denver)H-Index: 6
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The authors tested a theoretical model positing that poverty has an indirect effect on child and adolescent functioning through children's poverty-related stress. Path analyses with a multiethnic sample of 164 children aged 6 to 18 revealed that the stress associated with poverty, such as economic strain, family conflict, violence/trauma, and discrimination, is an important component of the experience of poverty for children. Poverty-related stress was associated with a wide range of correlates,...
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The current study used a mixed-methods approach to examine how low-income mothers managed their household economies, their experiences of economic pressure, and the consequences for family and child functioning. Qualitative analyses (N = 32 families) revealed that experiences of economic pressure were associated with an inability to afford both basic needs and some modest but highly valued “extras.” To meet demands, mothers reported using a variety of strategies, including instrumental support f...
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This paper examines how SES relates to individual happiness, while also controlling for family functioning; the latter measured by the Family Attachment and Changeability Index 8 (FACI8). An individual-, household-, and subjective SES index are developed via multiple correspondence analyses (MCA). Using data from the 2012 South African Social Attitudes Survey (SASAS), the paper employs structural equation modelling (SEM) to explore the relationship between happiness, SES, and family functioning....
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