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The shocking pink dragon millipede, Desmoxytes purpurosea , a colourful new species from Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae)

Published on Aug 29, 2007in Zootaxa0.99
· DOI :10.11646/zootaxa.1563.1.3
Henrik Enghoff17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Wild Center),
Chirasak Sutcharit9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Chula: Chulalongkorn University),
Somsak Panha13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Chula: Chulalongkorn University)
Abstract
A shocking pink, very spiny new species of “dragon millipede”, Desmoxytes purpurosea sp.n., is described from Thailand, Uthaithani province. Its behaviour suggests that its colouration is aposematic, like that of some bright red congeners. Relations of the new species to congeners are discussed.
  • References (3)
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Three unusual new Paradoxosomatidae are described from tropical north Queensland. Desmoxytoides hasenpuschorum n. gen., n. sp. closely resembles the dragon millipedes Desmoxytes of southeast Asia, but differs in gonopod details. Tholerosoma monteithi n. gen., n. sp. and T. corrugatum n. sp. are remarkable for their tightly attached coating of soil particles.
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The millipeds, comprising the arthropodan class Diplopoda, are a relatively uniform and unspectacular lot. Generally slow and sluggish despite their many legs, they are for the most part furtive vegetarian scavengers, active primarily at night. Only about 7500 species have been described (KAESTNER, 1968). In a numerical sense, therefore, and certainly relative to the insects, they represent one of the less successful experiments in terrestrial arthropodan evolution. But in another sense they are...
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Millipedes, the ancient arthropods which belong to class Diplopoda, are the third most diverse class of terrestrial arthropods, following Insecta and Arachnida (Golovatch and Kime, Soil Org 81(3):565–597, 2009). They have a long and distinguished history on our planet and existed on earth more than 100 times longer than man, and their fossil records demonstrate their worldwide distribution (Almond, 1985; Hannibal, 1986). With an estimated total of more than 80,000 extant species, only about 12,0...
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Millipedes are some of the earliest examples of terrestrial animals, and fossils from the early Carboniferous Period indicate they were also some of the earliest prey. These fossils record ozopores, the openings of chemical defense glands, occurring along the length of the body. The secretions of these glands may consist of topical irritants, repellents, antifeedants, or, in the case of the large and widespread Order Polydesmida, hydrogen cyanide (HCN) gas that can be fatal to other arthropods o...
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