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Climate relicts: past, present, future

Published on Dec 1, 2011in Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics10.88
· DOI :10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102710-145015
Arndt Hampe27
Estimated H-index: 27
(INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique),
Alistair S. Jump28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Stirling)
Abstract
Populations left behind during climate-driven range shifts can persist in enclaves of benign environmental conditions within an inhospitable regional climate. Such climate relicts exist in numerous plant and animal species worldwide, yet our knowledge of them is fragmented and lacks a general framework. Here we synthesize the empirical evidence considering (a) relict habitats, (b) abiotic and biotic constraints on population dynamics, (c) mechanisms promoting population persistence, and (d ) uncertainties concerning their future prospects. We identify three major types of climate relicts: (a) those constrained primarily by climate-driven abiotic factors, (b )t hose restricted to areas that are inaccessible to antagonistic species for climatic reasons, and (c) those requiring a host or mutualistic species that is itself limited by climate. Understanding the formation and functioning of climate relicts is essential for their conservation and for our understanding of the response of species and populations to climate change.
  • References (108)
  • Citations (220)
References108
Newest
#1Brandon S. Gaut (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
#2Liang Yang (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 5
Last.Luis E. Eguiarte (UNAM: National Autonomous University of Mexico)H-Index: 40
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#2Fernando Pulido (University of Extremadura)H-Index: 22
Last.J. Julio Camarero (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 45
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#2Daniel E. Schindler (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 60
Last.Robin S. Waples (NMFS: National Marine Fisheries Service)H-Index: 57
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#2Solomon Z. Dobrowski (UM: University of Montana)H-Index: 29
Last.Alison R. Mynsberge (UM: University of Montana)H-Index: 8
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#1Andrew J. Suggitt (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 9
#2Phillipa K. Gillingham (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 9
Last.Chris D. Thomas (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 87
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#1Henrique M. Pereira (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 35
#2Paul W. Leadley (Agro ParisTech)H-Index: 44
Last.Matt Walpole (World Conservation Monitoring Centre)H-Index: 36
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Cited By220
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#1Vikram E Chhatre (UW: University of Wyoming)
#2Karl C. Fetter (UVM: University of Vermont)H-Index: 2
Last.Stephen R. Keller (UVM: University of Vermont)H-Index: 19
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#1César Morales-Molino (OCCR: Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research)H-Index: 12
#2Willy Tinner (OCCR: Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research)H-Index: 52
Last.Luis Gil (UPM: Technical University of Madrid)H-Index: 46
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#1George P. Malanson (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 39
#2Lynn M. Resler (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 16
Last.Daniel B. Fagre (USGS: United States Geological Survey)H-Index: 17
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#1Mi-Li Liu (MOE: Chinese Ministry of Education)H-Index: 1
#2Yan-Ling He (MOE: Chinese Ministry of Education)H-Index: 1
Last.Zhong-Hu Li (MOE: Chinese Ministry of Education)H-Index: 9
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#1Albert Vilà-Cabrera (University of Stirling)H-Index: 10
#2Andrea C. Premoli (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 27
Last.Alistair S. Jump (University of Stirling)H-Index: 28
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