Negative Attributional Style for Interpersonal Events and the Occurrence of Severe Interpersonal Disruptions as Predictors of Self-Reported Suicidal Ideation

Published on Jan 1, 1995in Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior3.03
· DOI :10.1111/j.1943-278X.1995.tb00927.x
Thomas E. Joiner95
Estimated H-index: 95
(UTMB: University of Texas Medical Branch),
M. David Rudd37
Estimated H-index: 37
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
We applied the hopelessness theory of depression to suicidal symptoms: 203 undergraduates completed questionnaires on attributional style, negative life events, hopelessness, and suicidal symptoms at one point in time and again 10 weeks later. Consistent with prediction, the combination of a negative attributional style for interpersonal events and the occurrence of such events were prospectively related to increases in self-reported suicidality over the course of the 10-week study. These findings displayed specificity with respect to interpersonal versus achievement-related styles and events. Contrary to hypothesis, hopelessness did not mediate the relation between the Attributional style x Stress interaction and the increases in self-reported suicidality.
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