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Individual and mass behavior in extreme situations

Published on Jan 1, 1943in The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology
· DOI :10.1037/h0061208
Bruno Bettelheim24
Estimated H-index: 24
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Abstract
After three years the author reports his observations of prisoners in Dachau and Buchenwald (concentration camps) in 1938–1939. The purposes of the camps were (1) to break individuals into docile masses, (2) to terrorize and discourage group opposition to Nazism, (3) to train Gestapo men in methods
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Published on Dec 11, 2018in Journal of Child Sexual Abuse0.96
Rosaleen McElvaney8
Estimated H-index: 8
(DCU: Dublin City University)
ABSTRACTIn recent years, legislation recognizing the grooming of a child for the purposes of sexual abuse as a criminal offense has been introduced. However, there is a limited evidence base on the mechanisms involved in grooming behavior, particularly from the perspective of those who have experienced grooming. This article, drawing on an in depth case study of a 52-year-old man, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, explores the experience of grooming from childhood into adulthood. F...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Medical Hypotheses1.32
John Leach9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Portsmouth)
Abstract The term ‘give-up-itis’ describes people who respond to traumatic stress by developing extreme apathy, give up hope, relinquish the will to live and die, despite no obvious organic cause. This paper discusses the nature of give-up-itis, with progressive demotivation and executive dysfunction that have clinical analogues suggesting frontal-subcortical circuit dysfunction particularly within the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate circuits. It is hypothesised that progressive g...
Published on Jun 22, 2018in Clínica y Salud
Lucía Ester Rizo-Martínez (University of Guadalajara)
El sindrome de Estocolmo es un termino utilizado para describir una experiencia psicologica paradojica en la cual se desarrolla un vinculo afectivo entre los rehenes y sus captores. Sin embargo, no existe actualmente una unificacion de criterios con respecto a su diagnostico y caracteristicas e incluso a su denominacion de ?sindrome?. El objetivo del presente estudio fue revisar y sintetizar la literatura internacional existente sobre el sindrome de Estocolmo. Despues de analizar los 23 articulo...
Published on May 16, 2018in Clínica y Salud
Juan M. Ramos1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Alberto Rodríguez1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsAna Mena1
Estimated H-index: 1
Diversos abordajes terapeuticos para personas con trastorno de personalidad (TP) postulan diferentes mecanismos de cambio. Investigamos si el constructo fusion cognitiva (FC) es relevante en el cambio terapeutico detectado en un grupo de personas diagnosticadas de TP grave (N = 110) tras 6 meses de intervencion hospitalaria. Su nivel de FC es superior al de otras muestras publicadas (M = 38.5, DT = 8.98) y se asocia a mayor patologia. Esta relacionado con otros constructos como pensamientos auto...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Evolutionary Psychology1.82
John T. Jost57
Estimated H-index: 57
(NYU: New York University),
Robert M. Sapolsky108
Estimated H-index: 108
(Stanford University),
H. Hannah Nam4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
For centuries, philosophers and social theorists have wondered why people submit voluntarily to tyrannical leaders and oppressive regimes. In this article, we speculate on the evolutionary origins of system justification, that is, the ways in which people are motivated (often nonconsciously) to defend and justify existing social, economic, and political systems. After briefly recounting the logic of system justification theory and some of the most pertinent empirical evidence, we consider parall...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Matthis Schick11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Naser Morina11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UZH: University of Zurich)
+ 1 AuthorsThomas Maier10
Estimated H-index: 10
(HSG: University of St. Gallen)
The refugee experience is a complex phenomenon and subject to a multitude of influencing factors including reminiscences of the traumatic past, and distress related to post-migration and ecological factors. While posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent among refugees, psychiatric comorbidity is rather the rule than the exception. Though the literature provides evidence for the effectiveness of trauma-focused treatment in reducing symptoms of PTSD among refugees, PTSD may neither...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Critical Sociology1.48
John Welsh2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UH: University of Helsinki)
Discipline and Punish has been the seminal text for students of the rationality of disciplinary power. In recent years, critical scholarship has become increasingly keen to move analytically beyond the normative mode of disciplinary power. As such, D&P is increasingly marginalized as a text, in favour of Foucault’s later works. In this discursive context, this paper has a twofold aim. Firstly, I want to think through the transformations in labour control over the last 30 years of neoliberal coun...
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