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Natural Disasters, Armed Conflict, and Public Health

Published on Nov 7, 2013in The New England Journal of Medicine70.67
· DOI :10.1056/NEJMra1109877
Jennifer Leaning21
Estimated H-index: 21
,
Debarati Guha-Sapir20
Estimated H-index: 20
Cite
Abstract
Global disasters, both natural and man-made, affect health in many ways, as reviewed in this article in the Global Health series.
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  • References (33)
  • Citations (148)
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References33
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Emergency Medicine Journal2.31
Martin Gerdin8
Estimated H-index: 8
(KI: Karolinska Institutet),
Andreas Wladis15
Estimated H-index: 15
(KI: Karolinska Institutet),
Johan von Schreeb15
Estimated H-index: 15
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
Objective To assess the timing and activities of foreign field hospitals (FFH) deployed during the first month after the Haiti earthquake and to evaluate adherence to WHO/Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) guidelines. Results were compared with data from past sudden-onset disasters. Methods A systematic attempt was made to contact all relief actors within the health care sector involved in the 12 January through 12 February 2010 FFH deployment. This was done using an email-based questionnai...
Published on Jan 1, 2012
Debarati Guha-Sapir8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Femke Vos6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 1 AuthorsSylvain Penserre1
Estimated H-index: 1
In 2011, 332 natural disasters1 were registered, less than the average annual disaster frequency observed from 2001 to 2010 (384). However, the human and economic impacts of the disasters in 2011 were massive. Natural disasters killed a total of 30 773 people and caused 244.7 million victims worldwide (see Figure 1). Economic damages from natural disasters were the highest ever registered, with an estimated US$ 366.1 billion [...]
Published on Nov 1, 2011in BMJ Open2.38
Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Shisir Ranjan-Dash2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsDebarati Guha-Sapir20
Estimated H-index: 20
Objectives This study aims to improve the understanding of the relationship between exposure to floods and malnutrition in children aged 6-59 months in rural India. Research has focused exclusively on Bangladeshi children, and few controlled epidemiological studies are available. Method A community-based cross-sectional study of child nutritional status was carried out in 14 flooded and 18 non-flooded villages of Jagatsinghpur district (Orissa) within one month of the September 2008 floods, and ...
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Claude de Ville de Goyet2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Juan Pablo Sarmiento2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
François Grünewald2
Estimated H-index: 2
The objective of this publication is to draw the lessons to be learned for improving the health response in future sudden-onset disasters. We know that massive earthquakes will occur again and some will devastate metropolitan areas or even the capital city, as was the case in Haiti. Haiti is the subject of this study, hopefully not the object, as Haiti has had her share of catastrophes.The scope of the book is limited to the health response, health being defined in its broad sense, not merely me...
Published on Aug 1, 2010in Bulletin of The World Health Organization6.82
Daniel R. Feikin52
Estimated H-index: 52
(Kenya Medical Research Institute),
Kubaje Adazu17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Kenya Medical Research Institute)
+ 4 AuthorsF LasersonKayla40
Estimated H-index: 40
(Kenya Medical Research Institute)
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mortality and morbidity among internally displaced persons (IDPs) who relocated in a demographic surveillance system (DSS) area in western Kenya following post-election violence. METHODS: In 2007, 204 000 individuals lived in the DSS area, where field workers visit households every 4 months to record migrations, births and deaths. We collected data on admissions among children 5 years (53%) than among regular DSS residents (25-29%) (P < 0.001). Internally displaced childre...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in The Lancet59.10
Olivier Degomme9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain),
Debarati Guha-Sapir20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)
Summary Background Several mortality estimates for the Darfur conflict have been reported since 2004, but few accounted for conflict dynamics such as changing displacement and causes of deaths. We analyse changes over time for crude and cause-specific mortality rates, and assess the effect of displacement on mortality rates. Methods Retrospective mortality surveys were gathered from an online database. Quasi-Poisson models were used to assess mortality rates with place and period in which the su...
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Conflict and Health
Nathan Ford62
Estimated H-index: 62
(SFU: Simon Fraser University),
Edward J. Mills77
Estimated H-index: 77
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
+ 1 AuthorsRoss Upshur46
Estimated H-index: 46
(U of T: University of Toronto)
Humanitarian agencies are increasingly engaged in research in conflict and post-conflict settings. This is justified by the need to improve the quality of assistance provided in these settings and to collect evidence of the highest standard to inform advocacy and policy change. The instability of conflict-affected areas, and the heightened vulnerability of populations caught in conflict, calls for careful consideration of the research methods employed, the levels of evidence sought, and ethical ...
Published on Dec 1, 2008in Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
Megan Deitchler3
Estimated H-index: 3
(AED),
Hedwig Deconinck1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Save the Children),
Gilles Bergeron5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AED)
The conventional method to collect data on the health, nutrition, and food security status of a population affected by an emergency is a 30 × 30 cluster survey. This sampling method can be time and resource intensive and, accordingly, may not be the most appropriate one when data are needed rapidly for decision making. In this study, we compare the precision, time and cost of the 30 × 30 cluster survey with two alternative sampling designs: a 33 × 6 cluster design (33 clusters, 6 observations pe...
Published on Oct 1, 2007in Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Jennifer Leaning21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Harvard University)
This paper focuses on the dilemma that humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) face in their efforts to gain access to populations caught up in current wars. Narrow and broad concepts of humanitarian protection are discussed and it is argued that despite high levels of professionalism, the space for humanitarian action has constricted sharply since the events surrounding the attacks of 11 September 2001. Increasingly, aid workers are now being viewed with suspicion as agents of the gr...
Published on Mar 1, 2007in Annals of Emergency Medicine5.21
Kenneth V. Iserson23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UA: University of Arizona),
John C. Moskop19
Estimated H-index: 19
(ECU: East Carolina University)
This 2-article series offers a conceptual, historical, and moral analysis of the practice of triage. Part I distinguishes triage from related concepts, reviews the evolution of triage principles and practices, and describes the settings in which triage is commonly practiced. Part II identifies and examines the moral values and principles underlying the practice of triage.
Cited By148
Newest
Fangjian Gao2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Cologne),
Ali Sunyaev15
Estimated H-index: 15
(KIT: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
Abstract Cloud computing is an IT service paradigm that can, if used meaningfully, enhance traditional health IT approaches and offer major benefits to the healthcare industry. However, its adoption by healthcare organizations has been accompanied by diverse challenges that could impede its meaningful use. Decisions about its adoption should be made after serious consideration of relevant industry-specific factors. Whereas the literature has focused on cloud computing adoption in general, the in...
Stav Shapira4
Estimated H-index: 4
(BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev),
Paula Feder-Bubis5
Estimated H-index: 5
(BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
+ 1 AuthorsLimor Aharonson-Daniel22
Estimated H-index: 22
(BGU: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)
Abstract Medically vulnerable individuals such as the frail elderly and the chronically ill are at particular risk of experiencing adverse health outcomes especially during and following emergencies. In crisis situations the healthcare system is expected to be overwhelmed by an influx of casualties while also facing a shortfall of resources, impeding its ability to maintain continuity of care for frail individuals. This study identified potential gaps in the interface between vulnerable individu...
Published on Jul 2, 2019in International Journal of Social Psychiatry1.37
Arne Henning Eide17
Estimated H-index: 17
(SINTEF),
Karin Dyrstad4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
Background:Exposure to war and conflict increases the risk of mental health problems. Poor living conditions are known to negatively impact mental health.Hypothesis:It is hypothesized that exposure...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Science of The Total Environment5.59
Ubydul Haque19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UF: University of Florida),
Paula F. da Silva1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Lisbon)
+ 11 AuthorsPing Lu (Tongji University)
Abstract Worldwide, landslides incur catastrophic and significant economic and human losses. Previous studies have characterized the patterns in landslides' fatalities, from all kinds of triggering causes, at a continental or global scale, but they were based on data from periods of
Published on Jul 10, 2019in International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry3.14
Ben Beaglehole4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Otago),
Christopher Bloomer + 5 AuthorsChris Frampton79
Estimated H-index: 79
(University of Otago)
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Population and Environment1.98
Peter Loebach2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Elizabeth City State University),
Kim Korinek9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UofU: University of Utah)
Research conducted among socially vulnerable populations caught in the paths of natural disasters represents the forefront of our understanding the health-related impacts of climate change. In this study, we analyze individual-level longitudinal data from the Nicaragua Living Standards and Measurement Survey (N = 3474) in order to ascertain the influence of disaster displacement arising from the Hurricane Mitch event upon two communicable disease outcomes: diarrheal disease and respiratory disea...
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