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GFDL’s ESM2 Global Coupled Climate–Carbon Earth System Models. Part I: Physical Formulation and Baseline Simulation Characteristics

Published on Oct 1, 2012in Journal of Climate4.80
· DOI :10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00560.1
John P. Dunne41
Estimated H-index: 41
,
Jasmin G. John17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 17 AuthorsNiki Zadeh2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract
AbstractThe authors describe carbon system formulation and simulation characteristics of two new global coupled carbon–climate Earth System Models (ESM), ESM2M and ESM2G. These models demonstrate good climate fidelity as described in part I of this study while incorporating explicit and consistent carbon dynamics. The two models differ almost exclusively in the physical ocean component; ESM2M uses the Modular Ocean Model version 4.1 with vertical pressure layers, whereas ESM2G uses generalized ocean layer dynamics with a bulk mixed layer and interior isopycnal layers. On land, both ESMs include a revised land model to simulate competitive vegetation distributions and functioning, including carbon cycling among vegetation, soil, and atmosphere. In the ocean, both models include new biogeochemical algorithms including phytoplankton functional group dynamics with flexible stoichiometry. Preindustrial simulations are spun up to give stable, realistic carbon cycle means and variability. Significant differences...
  • References (130)
  • Citations (587)
References130
Newest
#1John P. Dunne (GFDL: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory)H-Index: 41
#2Burke Hales (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 26
Last.J. R. Toggweiler (GFDL: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory)H-Index: 13
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#1Brian I. Magi (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 14
#2Sam Rabin (Princeton University)H-Index: 7
Last.Stephen W. Pacala (Princeton University)H-Index: 73
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#1Ingo RichterSwadhin (U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa)H-Index: 15
#2Shang-Ping Xie (U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa)H-Index: 82
Last.Yukio Masumoto (JAMSTEC: Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)H-Index: 33
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#1Mehmet Ilıcak (Princeton University)H-Index: 10
#2Alistair Adcroft (Princeton University)H-Index: 26
Last.Robert Hallberg (Princeton University)H-Index: 30
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#1Lisa R. Welp (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 13
#2Ralph F. Keeling (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 44
Last.Martin Wahlen (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 24
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#1William E. JohnsH-Index: 42
#2Molly O. Baringer (NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)H-Index: 34
Last.B. Shaw (UM: University of Miami)H-Index: 1
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#1S. Feron (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)
#2Raul R. Cordero (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 15
Last.Jorge F. Carrasco (UMAG: University of Magallanes)H-Index: 3
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#1Holly V. Moeller (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 8
#2Charlotte Laufkötter (Princeton University)H-Index: 8
Last.Matthew D. Johnson (WHOI: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)H-Index: 14
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#1Caroline Wainwright (University of Reading)
#2John H. Marsham (University of Leeds)H-Index: 25
Last.Richard P. Allan (University of Reading)H-Index: 41
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#1Jinny Lee (UCI: University of California, Irvine)
#2Duane E. Waliser (California Institute of Technology)H-Index: 60
Last.Kenneth E. Kunkel (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 45
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#1Chen Lu (University of Regina)H-Index: 1
#2HUANGGuohe (University of Regina)H-Index: 66
Last.Xiuquan Wang (UPEI: University of Prince Edward Island)H-Index: 11
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#1Paul D. Spencer (NMFS: National Marine Fisheries Service)H-Index: 11
#2Anne B. Hollowed (NMFS: National Marine Fisheries Service)H-Index: 26
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#1Alistair Adcroft (Princeton University)H-Index: 26
#2W. Anderson (Princeton University)H-Index: 2
Last.Matthew J. Harrison (Princeton University)H-Index: 19
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