The Butcher's Tongue Illusion

Published on Aug 1, 2014in Perception1.503
· DOI :10.1068/p7733
Charles Michel11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Oxford),
Carlos Velasco21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Oxford)
+ 1 AuthorsCharles Spence89
Estimated H-index: 89
(University of Oxford)
We report two experiments, based on a novel variant of the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI), in which tactile stimulation is referred to an artificial (out-of-body) tongue. In the experiments reported here the participant's tongue was stimulated while they looked at a mirrored dummy tongue. On average, the participants agreed with the statement that they felt as if they had been touched in the location where they saw the rubber tongue being touched (experiment 1), thus demonstrating visual capture. When the external tongue was illuminated with a laser pointer (experiment 2), a significant proportion of the participants reported feeling either tactile or thermal stimulation on their own tongue. These results therefore demonstrate that the multisensory integration of visual, tactile, and proprioceptive information that gives rise to the RHI can be extended to the tongue (a body part that is rarely seen directly).
  • References (22)
  • Citations (14)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2,019 Citations
512 Citations
834 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Juyun Lim (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 22
#2Maxwell B. Johnson (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 2
Referral of retronasal odors to the mouth is a fundamental phenomenon of flavor perception. A previous study from this laboratory provided evidence that, contrary to prior speculation, taste rather than touch was the primary factor in retronasal odor referral. The present study further investigated this question by studying the role of congruency between taste and odor on retronasal odor referral under conditions that mimicked natural food consumption. Subjects performed odor localization tasks ...
45 CitationsSource
#1Cesare Parise (Bielefeld University)H-Index: 15
#2Charles Spence (University of Oxford)H-Index: 89
Last. Marc O. Ernst (Bielefeld University)H-Index: 36
view all 3 authors...
Summary Inferring which signals have a common underlying cause, and hence should be integrated, represents a primary challenge for a perceptual system dealing with multiple sensory inputs [1–3]. This challenge is often referred to as the correspondence problem or causal inference. Previous research has demonstrated that spatiotemporal cues, along with prior knowledge, are exploited by the human brain to solve this problem [4–9]. Here we explore the role of correlation between the fine temporal s...
110 CitationsSource
#1G. Lorimer Moseley (UniSA: University of South Australia)H-Index: 55
Summary A recent study has found that activity in multisensory brain areas, namely the premotor cortex, intraparietal cortex and the putamen, mirrors the vividness of ownership over a mannequin, induced by the body-swap illusion.
7 CitationsSource
#1Vilayanur S. Ramachandran (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 70
#2Beatrix Krause (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 7
Last. Laura K. Case (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 13
view all 3 authors...
A student volunteer was asked to stand just behind a mannequin so that the student was looking at the back of the mannequin's plastic head. The experimenter stood off to one side and used her two hands to stroke and tap the back of the student's head in perfect synchrony with the back of the mannequin's head. After 1 – 2 min the majority of naive subjects tested began experiencing the sensations as emerging from the mannequin's head rather than from their own, demonstrating a novel ‘phantom-head...
8 CitationsSource
#1Manos Tsakiris (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 37
#2Lewis Carpenter (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 1
Last. Aikaterini Fotopoulou (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 29
view all 4 authors...
The experience of body ownership can be successfully manipulated during the rubber hand illusion using synchronous multisensory stimulation. The hypothesis that multisensory integration is both a necessary and sufficient condition for body ownership is debated. We systematically varied the appearance of the object that was stimulated in synchrony or asynchrony with the participant’s hand. A viewed object that was transformed in three stages from a plain wooden block to a wooden hand was compared...
168 CitationsSource
#1Manos Tsakiris (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 37
How do I know the person I see in the mirror is really me? Is it because I know the person simply looks like me, or is it because the mirror reflection moves when I move, and I see it being touched when I feel touch myself? Studies of face-recognition suggest that visual recognition of stored visual features inform self-face recognition. In contrast, body-recognition studies conclude that multisensory integration is the main cue to selfhood. The present study investigates for the first time the ...
172 CitationsSource
#1Tamar R. Makin (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 20
#2Nicholas P. Holmes (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 27
Last. H. Henrik Ehrsson (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Where are my hands? The brain can answer this question using sensory information arising from vision, proprioception, or touch. Other sources of information about the position of our hands can be derived from multisensory interactions (or potential interactions) with our close environment, such as when we grasp or avoid objects. The pioneering study of multisensory representations of peripersonal space was published in Behavioural Brain Research almost 30 years ago [Rizzolatti G, Scando...
334 CitationsSource
#1G. Lorimer Moseley (University of Oxford)H-Index: 55
#2Arnoud Arntz (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 66
The influence of contextual factors on the pain evoked by a noxious stimulus is not well defined. In this study, a 20 � C rod was placed on one hand for 500 ms while we manipulated the evaluative context (or ‘meaning’) of, warning about, and visual attention to, the stimulus. For meaning, a red (hot, more tissue damaging) or blue (cold, less tissue damaging) visual cue was used. For warning, the stimulus occurred after the cue or they occurred together. For visual attention, subjects looked towa...
84 CitationsSource
#1Manos Tsakiris (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 37
#2M. D. HesseH-Index: 10
Last. Gereon R. Fink (University of Cologne)H-Index: 96
view all 5 authors...
Body ownership refers to the special perceptual status of one's own body, which makes bodily sensations seem unique to oneself. We studied the neural correlates of body ownership by controlling whether an external object was accepted as part of the body or not. In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), correlated visuotactile stimulation causes a fake hand to be perceived as part of one's own body. In the present study, we distinguished between the causes (i.e., multisensory stimulation) and the effect...
416 CitationsSource
#1Bigna LenggenhagerH-Index: 20
#2Tej TadiH-Index: 5
Last. Olaf Blanke (EPFL: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)H-Index: 53
view all 4 authors...
Humans normally experience the conscious self as localized within their bodily borders. This spatial unity may break down in certain neurological conditions such as out-of-body experiences, leading to a striking disturbance of bodily self-consciousness. On the basis of these clinical data, we designed an experiment that uses conflicting visual-somatosensory input in virtual reality to disrupt the spatial unity between the self and the body. We found that during multisensory conflict, participant...
609 CitationsSource
Cited By14
#1Charles Spence (University of Oxford)H-Index: 89
view all 3 authors...
Magic and dining have long been popular forms of entertainment. What is more, both involve some kind of transformation, and yet while the more theatrical aspects of dining have grown in popularity in recent decades, there is a surprising paucity of magical food and beverage experiences out there. In this article, we trace the historical appearance of food and drink and culinary items in the performance of magic. We also review some of the more magical elements of food design that have appeared o...
#1Davide Bono (UCL: University College London)
#2Patrick Haggard (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 82
May 2, 2019 in CHI (Human Factors in Computing Systems)
#1Dario Pittera (University of Sussex)H-Index: 1
#2Elia Gatti (University of Sussex)H-Index: 8
Last. Marianna Obrist (University of Sussex)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
Major virtual reality (VR) companies are trying to enhance the sense of immersion in virtual environments by implementing haptic feedback in their systems (e.g., Oculus Touch). It is known that tactile stimulation adds realism to a virtual environment. In addition, when users are not limited by wearing any attachments (e.g., gloves), it is even possible to create more immersive experiences. Mid-air haptic technology provides contactless haptic feedback and offers the potential for creating such ...
#1Jean-Paul Noel (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 15
#2Olaf Blanke (EPFL: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)H-Index: 53
Last. Andrea Serino (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 34
view all 3 authors...
15 CitationsSource
#1Yuki Sato (Rits: Ritsumeikan University)H-Index: 1
#2Toshihiro Kawase (TITech: Tokyo Institute of Technology)H-Index: 7
Last. Kenji Kansaku (University of Electro-Communications)H-Index: 21
view all 5 authors...
Understanding how we consciously experience our bodies is a fundamental issue in cognitive neuroscience. Two fundamental components of this are the sense of body ownership (the experience of the body as one9s own) and the sense of agency (the feeling of control over one9s bodily actions). These constructs have been used to investigate the incorporation of prostheses. To date, however, no evidence has been provided showing whether representations of ownership and agency in amputees are altered wh...
1 CitationsSource
#1Niclas Braun (University of Oldenburg)H-Index: 4
#2Stefan Debener (University of Oldenburg)H-Index: 47
Last. Alexandra Philipsen (University of Bonn)H-Index: 4
view all 7 authors...
Usually, we do not question that we possess a body and act upon the world. This pre-reflective awareness of being a bodily and agentive self can, however, be disrupted by different clinical conditions. Whereas sense of ownership (SoO) describes the feeling of mineness towards one’s own body parts, feelings or thoughts, sense of agency (SoA) refers to the experience of initiating and controlling an action. Although SoA and SoO naturally coincide, both experiences can also be made in isolation. By...
10 CitationsSource
#1Yuki SatoH-Index: 1
#2Toshihiro KawaseH-Index: 7
Last. Kenji Kansaku (University of Electro-Communications)H-Index: 21
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Understanding how we consciously experience our bodies is a fundamental issue in both psychology and neuroscience. To date, the incorporation of nonbody objects into the body representation has been investigated extensively, and the incorporation of prosthetic arms in amputees has been demonstrated using the rubber hand illusion. In this study, we investigated the incorporation of prosthetic arms in amputees using the crossed hands illusion, in which successive somatosensory stimuli are...
1 CitationsSource
#1Giuseppina Porciello (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 7
#2Moritz M. Daum (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 20
Last. Bigna Lenggenhager (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Recent experimental evidence and theoretical models suggest that an integration of exteroceptive and interoceptive signals underlies several key aspects of the bodily self. While it has been shown that self-attribution of both the hand and the full-body are altered by conflicting extero-exteroceptive (e.g. visuo-tactile) and extero-interoceptive (e.g. visuo-cardiac) information, no study has thus far investigated whether self-attribution of the face might be altered by visuo-cardiac stimulation ...
4 CitationsSource
Abstract Oral referral is central to multisensory flavour perception. The phenomenon, first described a little over a century ago, is characterized by the mislocalization of food-related olfactory stimuli to the oral cavity. Many researchers believe that it contributes to the widespread confusion concerning which sense really provides the information that is bound together in flavour percepts. In this review, evidence supporting the role of a number of factors that have been suggested to modulat...
19 CitationsSource
#1Charles Spence (University of Oxford)H-Index: 89
#2Betina Piqueras-Fiszman (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 27
In this chapter, we highlight the crucial role played by the oral-somatosensory attributes of food and drink in determining our perception, and hence our enjoyment, of many of our most preferred foods and drinks, as well as our dislike of certain others. However, beyond the multisensory textural properties of the food itself, and beyond the temperature, etc., the cutlery and crockery we use and hold when eating can also impact the tasting experience. We summarize recent examples to illustrate so...
8 CitationsSource