A life-span, life-space approach to career development.

Published on Jun 1, 1980in Journal of Vocational Behavior
· DOI :10.1016/0001-8791(80)90056-1
Donald E. Super37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Columbia University)
Abstract A career is defined as the combination and sequence of roles played by a person during the course of a lifetime. These roles include those of child, pupil or student, leisurite, citizen, worker, spouse, homemaker, parent, and pensioner, positions with associated expectations that are occupied at some time by most people, and other less common roles such as those of criminal, reformer, and lover. A Life-Career Rainbow is presented as a means of helping conceptualize multidimensional careers, the temporal involvement in, and the emotional commitment to, each role. Self-actualization in various roles, role conflicts, and the determinants of role selection and of role performance are discussed. The use of the Rainbow in career education and in counseling is briefly considered.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (2510)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1 Author (Samuel H. Osipow)
599 Citations
1 Author (Frank Parsons)
921 Citations
1 Author (John L. Holland)
2,661 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
26 Citations
#1Neal Herrick (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 2
This is a study of factory workers in a large midwestern industrial city and municipal workers in a town of less than 70 thousand inhabitants.
171 CitationsSource
Abstract The recent influence of developmental theories of occupational choice upon guidance practice in Britain is criticised. It is suggested that people do not typically ‘choose’ occupations in any meaningful sense: they simply take what is available. Moreover, the career of the typical industrial worker cannot be meaningfully understood in terms of self-actualisation and implementing a self-concept: guidance work based upon these concepts is accordingly unrealistic. An adequate theory for un...
92 CitationsSource
#1David A. Jepsen (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 15
#2Josiah S. DilleyH-Index: 1
Vocational development has been described as the processes of preparation for and entry into a series of education and work roles over a lifetime. During the 1960's, a number of vocational theorists speculated that these processes could be understood better by employing concepts suggested by psychological decision theory. Indeed the promise that fundamental decision concepts have for enriching our understanding of vocational development received early acclaim (Blau, Gustad, Jesser, Parnes, & Wil...
86 CitationsSource
#1Stanley ParkerH-Index: 5
165 Citations
55 Citations
#1Edward S. Bordin (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 11
#2Barbara NachmannH-Index: 2
Last. Stanley J. SegalH-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
123 CitationsSource
138 CitationsSource
164 CitationsSource
This chapter discusses some hypotheses about the relationships between early experience and attitudes, abilities, interests, and other personality factors that affect the ultimate vocational selection of the individual. Some hypotheses with regard to personality variables are expressed in behavior are considered. Gross hereditary differences in such things as specific sensory capacities and the plasticity and complexity of the central nervous system must affect behavior, but beyond these it is u...
314 CitationsSource
Cited By2510
This study analyzed the mediating effect of well-being between generalized self-efficacy and vocational identity development in a sample of 724 final year bachelor’s students studying in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Results from a parallel mediation analysis indicated that generalized self-efficacy was indirectly related to vocational identity development through its relationship with four of the six components of psychological well-being (autonomy, positive relations with others, purpose in life a...
1 CitationsSource
#1Phil. TophamH-Index: 2
This study surveyed the experiences of older adult students in their first year at university. It describes the personal and academic challenges they faced; the psychological resources they applied or acquired to meet those challenges; and the forms of support they drew on during the year. 22 students aged 30 to 61 years completed free-text questionnaires about challenges, resources and support at three points in the academic year. Thematic analysis of participant responses indicated three main ...
2 Citations
#1Serena Wee (UWO: University of Western Ontario)
#1Serena WeeH-Index: 7
view all 4 authors...
#1Tenace Kwaku Setor (UNO: University of Nebraska Omaha)H-Index: 1
#2Damien Joseph (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 11
Career paths are formed over time from interactions between individuals, organizations, and labor markets within and across geographic locations. What are the prototypical career paths thus formed?...
#1Kemal Öztemel (Gazi University)H-Index: 3
#2Elvan Yıldız Akyol (Gazi University)H-Index: 1
This study evaluates the empirical applicability of the career construction model of adaptation (CCMA) by collecting evidence about the validity of the Student Career Construction Inventory (SCCI) ...
#1Siew Imm NgH-Index: 8
Last. Keng Kok TeeH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
#1Torsten Biemann (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 16
#2Max Mühlenbock (UMA: University of Mannheim)
Last. Katja Dlouhy (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Optimal matching analysis is the most commonly used method to analyze career sequences. It enables researchers to calculate the distance (i.e. the dissimilarity) between individuals' careers. However, the method's primarily descriptive and explorative approach limits its scope and complicates statistical inference testing for a wide field of research questions. We introduce three extensions to optimal matching analysis that combine the method's core idea with approaches from other disci...
#1Alexander S. McKay (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 4
#2Elizabeth M. Grimaldi (PwC: PricewaterhouseCoopers)
Last. Susan Mohammed (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 19
view all 6 authors...
In this article, we introduce a metaphor identification method that can be readily applied to vocational psychology research and practice, and contextualised to explore the phenomenon of career at ...