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Entrepreneurship, professionalism, leadership: A framework and measure for understanding boundaryless careers☆

Published on Aug 1, 2012in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
· DOI :10.1016/j.jvb.2012.05.001
Kim Yin Chan13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
Moon-Ho Ringo Ho22
Estimated H-index: 22
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
+ 5 AuthorsWei Ming J. Phan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
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Abstract
Abstract We propose a person-centered framework for conceptualizing subjective careers in an increasingly boundaryless work context. Specifically, we argue that entrepreneurship, professionalism, and leadership (EPL) can serve as three key dimensions of subjective career space. We relate this framework to earlier macro-level national and organizational career models proposed by Kanter (1989) and Schein (1978). Our empirical study involving 10,326 Singaporean university students demonstrated that entrepreneurial, professional, and leadership career aspirations (including motivations, efficacies, and intentions) can be measured independently, that these career dimensions are independent of vocational interests, and that they are to some degree viewed as competing career alternatives. We also show that EPL motivation profiles can operationalize the boundaryless and protean career concepts. Individuals concurrently high in entrepreneurial, professional, and leadership career motivations, and those high in entrepreneurial and leadership motivations are highest in boundaryless and self-directed career attitudes, while those primarily motivated for professional careers hold the most traditional career attitudes. We conclude by discussing the potential of the framework for understanding human resource issues at organizational and national levels and for enhancing the study of entrepreneurship, professionalism, and leadership.
  • References (57)
  • Citations (28)
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References57
Newest
Published on Apr 1, 2012in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
Erik J. Porfeli15
Estimated H-index: 15
(NEOMED: Northeast Ohio Medical University),
Bora Lee8
Estimated H-index: 8
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Ingrid K. Weigold10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Akron)
Abstract Work valence is derived from expectancy-valence theory and the literature on children's vocational development and is presumed to be a general appraisal of work that emerges during the childhood period. Work valence serves to promote and inhibit the motivation and tasks associated with vocational development. A measure of work valence, composed of perceptions about future work experiences and affects, is developed and tested employing samples of high school and university students. Mult...
Published on Mar 1, 2011in Industrial and Organizational Psychology5.25
Howard M. Weiss31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Purdue University),
Deborah E. Rupp35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
We have structured our response around 3 rough categories of commentary themes: those that provided illustrations of existing person-centric research, those that provided novel ideas about extending the viewpoint to traditional research areas, and those that criticized our neglect of issues of morality and power differences. In our response, we clarify and reiterate our position as advocating a science of first-person work experience. In doing so, we differentiate our agenda from others labeled ...
Published on Mar 1, 2011in Industrial and Organizational Psychology5.25
Donald M. Truxillo29
Estimated H-index: 29
(PSU: Portland State University),
Franco Fraccaroli20
Estimated H-index: 20
We agree with Weiss and Rupp’s (2011) basic description of the paradigm used within much of industrial–organizational (I–O) psychology, namely, that it is characterized by what they call the between-entities assumption and the collective purpose agenda, focused on aligning individual behavior with collective purpose. This has been the general paradigm in U.S. I–O psychology. But work psychology, especially outside the United States, has not exclusively focused on furthering organizational needs:...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Journal of Consumer Psychology2.47
Dawn Iacobucci33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Vandy: Vanderbilt University)
This article is the second of two parts intended to serve as a primer for structural equations models for the behavioral researcher. The first article introduced the basics: the measurement model, the structural model, and the combined, full structural equations model. In this second article, advanced issues are addressed, including fit indices and sample size, moderators, longitudinal data, mediation, and so forth.
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Introductory Chapters
Martin Ruef21
Estimated H-index: 21
Recent surveys show that more than half of American entrepreneurs share ownership in their business startups rather than going it alone. Yet the media and many scholars continue to perpetuate the myth of the lone visionary who single-handedly revolutionizes the marketplace. In The Entrepreneurial Group, Martin Ruef shatters this myth, demonstrating that teams, not individuals, are the leading force behind entrepreneurial startups. This is the first book to provide an in-depth sociological analys...
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
Marius Gerber3
Estimated H-index: 3
(ETH Zurich),
Anette Wittekind7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Aon Hewitt)
+ 1 AuthorsBruno Staffelbach6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UZH: University of Zurich)
Abstract Career literature has been discussing the decline of the traditional career. Despite this debate, systematic information on the prevalence of contemporary career types is lacking. Two studies with large samples of employees aimed to determine types of career orientation, to explore their prevalence, and to validate these types by testing hypotheses relating each of the career orientations to work attitudes and sociodemographical variables. In study 1 ( N = 835), we identified four types...
Published on Jan 1, 2009in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
Anette Wittekind7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Marius Gerber4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsBruno Staffelbach6
Estimated H-index: 6
Career literature has been discussing the decline of the traditional career. Despite this debate, systematic information on the prevalence of contemporary career types is lacking. Two studies with large samples of employees aimed to determine types of career orientation, to explore their prevalence, and to validate these types by testing hypotheses relating each of the career orientations to work attitudes and sociodemographical variables. In study 1 (N = 835), we identified four types of career...
Published on Jan 1, 2009in Journal of Applied Psychology5.07
Hans-Georg Wolff11
Estimated H-index: 11
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg),
Klaus Moser18
Estimated H-index: 18
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Previous research has reported effects of networking, defined as building, maintaining, and using relationships, on career success. However, empirical studies have relied exclusively on concurrent or retrospective designs that rest upon strong assumptions about the causal direction of this relation and depict a static snapshot of the relation at a given point in time. This study provides a dynamic perspective on the effects of networking on career success and reports results of a longitudinal st...
Published on Oct 1, 2008in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
Patrick Ian Armstrong16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Iowa State University),
Wyndolyn Allison1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Iowa State University),
James Rounds36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Abstract Although commercially developed interest measures based on Holland’s RIASEC types are effectively used in a variety of applied settings, these measures have somewhat limited research utility due to their length and copyright restrictions placed by the test publishers. In the present study, two sets of 8-item RIASEC scales were developed using activity-based items selected from the 30-item RIASEC scales of the Interest Profiler, and two sets of 8-item RIASEC scales were developed using s...
Published on Jan 1, 2008
Robert F. Sinclair1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Louisville)
Disclosed is an optical head device, including: a first light source which emits light with a first wavelength; a second light source which emits light with a second wavelength; first and second optical detectors; an optical coupling and dividing means in which light emitted from the first light source and light emitted from the second light source are coupled and are each respectively led to an optical recording medium having a first and a second substrate thickness, and in which the lights emi...
Cited By28
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
María Carmen Pérez-López2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UGR: University of Granada),
María José González-López2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UGR: University of Granada),
Lázaro Rodríguez-Ariza12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGR: University of Granada)
Abstract In this study, the social cognitive model of career self-management (Lent & Brown, 2013) was applied to study the degree of decidedness of university students for an entrepreneurial career, including adaptive behaviours of individuals in their career management. The participants were 376 final-year students of business-oriented degree courses at the University of Granada (Spain). Based on longitudinal survey data, the model was tested with structural equation models. Empirical analysis ...
Published on Apr 2, 2019in Studies in Higher Education2.85
H. V. Mukesh (Manipal University), K. R. Pillai (Manipal University), Jose Mamman (Manipal University)
ABSTRACTScholarly community has raised concerns over the effectiveness of traditional classroom pedagogy in entrepreneurship education (EE), highlighting the need for alternative pedagogic approach. Our study explores the superiority of action learning pedagogy over traditional classroom pedagogy for EE, to overcome these challenges. The impact of both pedagogic approaches was assessed through entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. A randomized experimental, pre-and-post-te...
Charlotta Sirén6
Estimated H-index: 6
(HSG: University of St. Gallen),
Sara Thorgren14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Luleå University of Technology),
Maria Järlström3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Vaasa)
AbstractAutonomy and fit with the job are important reasons why employees thrive at work, yet surprisingly little research has examined the implications this may have on how employees perceive their career opportunities, both within and outside the organization where they currently work. Drawing on self-determination theory, we propose that the more employees manage their career in a self-directed manner, the more likely they are to consider themselves to have good career opportunities both with...
Published on Aug 28, 2018in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Letizia Palazzeschi12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UniFI: University of Florence),
Ornella Bucci5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UniFI: University of Florence),
Annamaria Di Fabio26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UniFI: University of Florence)
World of work in the 21st century is characterized by instability, insecurity, and continuous change. To face these challenges of the post-modern era, workers are required to use their personal resources. A new construct called high entrepreneurship, leadership and professionalism (HELP) is a preventive resource that helps maintain, improve, and find work in uncertain or dynamic conditions. This study aims to examine the personality correlates of HELP in Italian workers and identify different cl...
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Journal of Career Assessment1.71
Marjan J. Gorgievski13
Estimated H-index: 13
(EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam),
Ute Stephan17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Aston University)
+ 1 AuthorsJuan Antonio Moriano16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UNED: National University of Distance Education)
Integrating predictions from the theory of human values with the theory of planned behavior (TPB), our primary goal is to investigate mechanisms through which individual values are related to entrepreneurial career intentions using a sample of 823 students from four European countries. We find that openness and self-enhancement values relate positively to entrepreneurial career intentions and that these relationships are partly mediated by attitudes toward entrepreneurship, self-efficacy, and, t...
Published on Mar 5, 2018in Frontiers in Education
Moon-Ho Ringo Ho22
Estimated H-index: 22
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
Marilyn A. Uy12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
+ 1 AuthorsKim Yin Chan13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
Our study focuses on the impact of systematic entrepreneurship training comprising both active and passive learning activities on entrepreneurial alertness and efficacy among adolescent youth. Reports from a two-wave online survey among 328 students from five secondary schools (aged 13-16 years; 34.8% male and 65.2% female) reveal that those who went through entrepreneurship training (treatment group, N=142) had significantly higher entrepreneurial alertness and efficacy levels compared to those...
Published on Nov 22, 2017in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Kim Yin Chan13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
Moon-Ho Ringo Ho22
Estimated H-index: 22
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
+ 4 AuthorsKang Yang Trevor Yu8
Estimated H-index: 8
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
This paper reports an empirical study conducted to examine the relationship between employees’ Entrepreneurial, Professional and Leadership (EPL) career motivations and their intrapreneurial motivation. Using data collected from 425 working adults in the research/innovation and healthcare settings, we develop a self-report measure of employee intrapreneurial motivation. We also adapt an existing self-report measure of E, P and L career motivations (previously developed and used with university s...
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Journal of Career Assessment1.71
Jonathan E. Ramsay5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SIM University),
Joyce S. Pang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
+ 1 AuthorsKim Yin Chan13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University)
Previous research has indicated robust relationships between implicit motives and various indices of career preference and performance, with the implicit need for power (nPow) and the implicit need for achievement (nAch) found to associate with leadership and entrepreneurship, respectively. However, relatively little work has examined the relationships between implicit motivation and career intention. In the present study, 149 university students completed questionnaires assessing their intentio...
Published on Nov 25, 2016in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Annamaria Di Fabio26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UniFI: University of Florence),
Ornella Bucci5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UniFI: University of Florence),
Alessio Gori11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UniFI: University of Florence)
This article evaluates the psychometric properties of a new measure for assessing the constructs of entrepreneurship, leadership, and professionalism, from an integrated point of view, the High Entrepreneurship, Leadership and Professionalism Questionnaire (HELP-Q). Exploratory factor analysis indicated a factor structure with three principal dimensions, and confirmatory factor analysis and goodness of fit indices indicated a good fit of the model to the data. All the dimensions showed good valu...
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