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Insulin on hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress involves ROS/Ca2+ and Akt/Bcl-2 signaling pathways

Published on Mar 1, 2014in Free Radical Research2.825
· DOI :10.3109/10715762.2013.869588
M. Ramalingam1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Kyung Hee University),
S.-J. Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Kyung Hee University)
Abstract
AbstractOxidative stress is induced by excess accumulation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). Astrocytes are metabolically active cells in the brain and understanding astrocytic responses to oxidative stress is essential to understand brain pathologies. In addition to direct oxidative stress, exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) can penetrate biological membranes and enhance formation of other RONS. The present study was carried out to examine the role of insulin in H2O2-induced oxidative stress in rat astrocytic cells. To measure changes in the viability of astrocytes at different concentrations of H2O2 for 3 h, a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT)-based assay was used and 500 μM H2O2 was selected to establish a model of H2O2-induced oxidative stress. Further assays showed that 3 h of 500 μM H2O2-induced significant changes in the levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium ion (Ca2+) in C6 cells, with insulin able to effect...
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