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Identity Status During the Adult Years: Scoring Criteria

Published on Jan 1, 1993
· DOI :10.1007/978-1-4613-8330-7_10
Alan S. Waterman36
Estimated H-index: 36
,
Sally L. Archer9
Estimated H-index: 9
Abstract
According to the identity theory developed in this book, the stages of adolescence and youth are the times in the life span when identity formation is of principal concern. The adult years are viewed as the time when the identity decisions reached earlier are implemented and the individual experiences most deeply the rewards and costs of the commitments that have been made (or the lack thereof). As adults, our self-definitions are repeatedly tested and few if any of the elements comprising our previously established sense of identity are likely to survive unmodified. Identity research with adults is of particular interest on two accounts: (1) to learn the long-term consequences of utilizing the various identity processes during the previous stages in development, and (2) to understand the circumstances leading to reappraisal of previously established identity commitments during the adult years and the differences between the ways in which identity crises are handled by adults compared to adolescents and youths.
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  • Citations (12)
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Cited By12
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#2Taru Feldt (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 34
Last. Lea Pulkkinen (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 55
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ABSTRACTDifferences in identity stability and change from age 36 through 42 to 50 were examined between three male and female personal style clusters extracted at age 27. We expected, first, the identity statuses to consistently differ between the clusters and, second, those with the least mature identity to move closer to others during midlife. Differences between the personal style clusters were discovered on all identity statuses across ages. Although significant personal style × age interact...
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#1Fanny Gyberg (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 2
#2Ann Frisén (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 20
ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to investigate identity status globally and across identity domains among young Swedish adult women and men. Also, potential differences in social comparison among identity statuses were evaluated. The results showed that most of the 124 participants (50% women, Mage 33.29 years) were assigned to an achieved global identity and had made identity-defining commitments across domains. Gender differences in identity status were found in the occupational and parentho...
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#1Päivi Fadjukoff (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 7
#2Lea Pulkkinen (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 55
Last. Katja Kokko (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 25
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13 CitationsSource
#1Päivi Fadjukoff (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 7
#2Lea Pulkkinen (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 55
Last. Katja Kokko (University of Jyväskylä)H-Index: 25
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Longitudinal patterns of identity formation were analyzed in a representative cohort group of Finnish men and women born in 1959 across ages 27, 36, 42, and 50. The data were drawn from the Jyvaskyla Longitudinal Study of Personality. Identity status (diffused, moratorium, foreclosed, achieved) from all four ages was available for 172 participants (54% females). Marcia’s Identity Status Interview used in this research included five domains: religious beliefs, political identity, occupational car...
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#1Päivi FadjukoffH-Index: 7
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ABSTRACT Strain does not necessarily lead to delinquency. Its impact depends on the value of the unachieved goal, according to the thesis of adaptation in strain theory. When alternative goals are salient, the strain may even reduce delinquency. For instance, a young person's concern for friendship diminishes the importance of strain in connection with career achievement. To test this, the present study employed longitudinal data collected from 137 Hong Kong Chinese youths identified as at risk ...
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