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NetTweens: The Internet and body image concerns in preteenage girls

Published on Jun 1, 2014in Journal of Early Adolescence
· DOI :10.1177/0272431613501083
Marika Tiggemann79
Estimated H-index: 79
(Flinders University),
Amy Slater26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Flinders University)
Sources
Abstract
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between media exposure and body image concerns in preteenage girls, with a particular focus on the Internet. A sample of 189 girls (aged 10-12 years) completed questionnaire measures of media consumption and body image concerns. Nearly all girls (97.5%) had access to the Internet in their home. Time spent on-line was significantly related to internalization of the thin ideal (as was time reading magazines and watching television), body surveillance, reduced body esteem, and increased dieting. In accord with the sociocultural model, internalization mediated the effect of the Internet on body image concerns. Further, 14% of the girls had a MySpace profile and 43% had a Facebook profile. Time spent on these social networking sites produced stronger correlations with body image concern than did overall Internet exposure. It was concluded that the Internet represents a potent sociocultural force among preteenage girls.
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  • References (21)
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#1Marika Tiggemann (Flinders University)H-Index: 79
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#1Amy Slater (Flinders University)H-Index: 26
#2Marika Tiggemann (Flinders University)H-Index: 79
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Abstract Purpose The current study provides a comprehensive analysis of the content of advertisements on Web sites targeted at adolescents, with a particular focus on the female beauty ideal. Methods Advertisements (N = 631) from 14 Web sites popular with adolescents were analyzed with respect to product advertised, characteristics of people presented, and emphasis on appearance and the thin beauty ideal. Results Although a wide variety of products were featured, advertisements for cosmetics and...
39 CitationsSource
#1Roy D. Pea (Stanford University)H-Index: 48
#2Clifford Nass (Stanford University)H-Index: 56
Last. Michael Zhou (Stanford University)H-Index: 1
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An online survey of 3,461 North American girls ages 8–12 conducted in the summer of 2010 through Discovery Girls magazine examined the relationships between social well-being and young girls’ media use—including video, video games, music listening, reading/homework, e-mailing/posting on social media sites, texting/instant messaging, and talking on phones/video chatting—and face-to-face communication. This study introduced both a more granular measure of media multitasking and a new comparative m...
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#1Marika Tiggemann (Flinders University)H-Index: 79
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#1Marika Tiggemann (Flinders University)H-Index: 79
#2Jessica Miller (Flinders University)H-Index: 2
144 CitationsSource
#1Doeschka J. Anschutz (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 23
#2Rutger C. M. E. Engels (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 71
Last. Tatjana van Strien (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 46
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Although previous research showed that the thin ideal provided by the media affects body image and eating behaviour in young children, less is known about specific media contents that are related to body image and eating behaviour. This study tested the associations between watching soaps and music television and body dissatisfaction and restrained eating directly, and indirectly through thin ideal internalisation. We conducted a survey in class, in which 245 girls (aged 7–9) completed scales on...
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#1Kathleen Custers (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 11
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