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Gender Comparison of Physiologic and Perceptual Responses in Recreational Marathon Runners

Published on Sep 1, 2009in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance3.979
· DOI :10.1123/ijspp.4.3.307
Mark Loftin18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Mississippi),
Melinda S. Sothern28
Estimated H-index: 28
(LSU: Louisiana State University)
+ 3 AuthorsMarc Bonis5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UNO: University of New Orleans)
Abstract
Purpose: The aim of this investigation was to compare gender differences in physiologic and perceptual responses during a 1-h run at recent marathon pace and running economy at three speeds in recreational marathon runners. Methods: In a counterbalanced design, 10 men and 10 women completed a 1-h treadmill run and a running economy test. Treadmill speed for the 1-h run ranged from 141 to 241 m·min−1 and 134, 168, and 188 m·min−1 for running economy. Physiologic parameters (oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide production, pulmonary ventilation, and heart rate) and perceived exertion were measured. Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare any gender differences (P < .05) during the 1-h run and a two-way ANOVA was used to compare running economy. With this sample, estimated marathon energy expenditure, body composition, and maximal physiologic function was reported.1 Results: With the exception of an allometric expression of VO2 (mL·min−1·kg BW−0.75), similar gender physiologic and perceptual responses were foun...
  • References (20)
  • Citations (14)
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References20
Newest
#1Mark Loftin (UNO: University of New Orleans)H-Index: 18
#2Melinda S. Sothern (LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans)H-Index: 28
Last. Marc Bonis (UNO: University of New Orleans)H-Index: 5
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Loftin, M., M. Sothern, Cathie Koss, G. Tuuri, C. VanVrancken, Anthony Kontos, and Marc Bonis. Energy expenditure and influence of physiologic factors during marathon running. J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(4):1188-1191. 1997.-This study examined energy expenditure and physiologic determinants for marathon performance in recreational runners. Twenty recreational marathon runners participated (10 males aged 41 ± 11.3 years, 10 females aged 42.7 ± 11.7 years). Each subject completed a O2max and a 1-hou...
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#1Russell R. Pate (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 92
#2Jennifer R. O'Neill (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 19
American women have made great advances in the sport of marathon running over the past 4 decades. The purpose of this study was to examine the trend of marathon times among American female runners between 1976 and 2005, and to compare physiological characteristics of male and female runners. The best marathon times of American female and male marathon runners for each year (1976–2005) were collected from several published sources. Two research studies were reviewed that examined a variety of phy...
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Running performance depends on maximal oxygen uptake (VO 2 max), the ability to sustain a high percentage of VO 2 max for an extended period of time and running economy. Running economy has been studied relatively less than the other factors. Running economy, measured as steady state oxygen uptake (VO 2 ) at intensities below the ventilatory threshold is the standard method. Extrapolation to a common running speed (268 m/min) or as the VO 2 required to run a kilometer is the standard method of a...
135 CitationsSource
The study tested the hypothesis that physiological measurements can predict marathon running performance in a top-level homogeneous group of males and females. Ten male, performance: 2:12:04, coefficient of variation (CV) = 2.33%, and 8 female marathon runners, performance: 2 :34:53, CV = 4.54%, performed an increment test on the treadmill (starting speed, 8 km·h -1 ; increments, 2km·h -1 ; increment duration, 3min to exhaustion). The heart rate (HR), VO 2 and the lactate concentrations were mea...
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#1J. Richard CoastH-Index: 11
#2Jennifer S. Blevins (NAU: Northern Arizona University)H-Index: 1
Last. Brian A. Wilson (U of G: University of Guelph)H-Index: 8
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It has been suggested that gender differences in running should disappear as distances increase, particularly past the marathon. This suggestion is primarily based on differences in fuel utilization, muscle damage following exercise, relative improvements in performance over the past decades, and on the analysis of marathon vs. ultramarathon performances of men and women. We reasoned that the best comparison of the potential of a human is by the use of world best times, which should be reasonabl...
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Our biological heritage -- The cell and its regulatory mechanisms -- The muscle and its contraction -- Motor function -- Body fluids, blood, and circulation -- Respiration -- Skeletal system -- Physical performance -- Evaluation of physical performance on the basis of tests -- Body dimensions and muscular exercise -- Physical training -- Nutrition and physical performance -- Temperature regulation -- Factors affecting performance -- Fatigue -- Applied sport physiology -- Applied work physiology ...
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Last. J. N. Udall (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 15
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Objective: The conventional ratio method (milliliters O2 per mass) typically is used to express Vo2 peak. The goal of the current study was to compare Vo2 peak of obese girls with normal-weight girls by ratio and allometric scaling methods. Research Methods and Procedures: We compared Vo2 peak by ratio and allometric methods in 46 obese and 47 normal-weight girls. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure Vo2 peak during either treadmill running or walking. Regression analysis was used to determi...
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ROBERTSON, R. J., N. M. MOYNA, K. L. SWARD, N. B. MILLICH, F. L. GOSS, and P. D. THOMPSON. Gender comparison of RPE at absolute and relative physiological criteria. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 32, No. 12, 2000, pp. 2120–2129. Purpose:The effect of gender on ratings of perceived exertion for the ov
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