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Conclusions of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment on the risks of neonicotinoids and fipronil to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Published on Jan 1, 2015in Environmental Science and Pollution Research2.914
· DOI :10.1007/s11356-014-3229-5
J.P. van der Sluijs14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Bergen),
V. Amaral-Rogers3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 27 AuthorsMartin Wiemers17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)
Sources
Abstract
The side effects of the current global use of pesticides on wildlife, particularly at higher levels of biological organization: populations, communities and ecosystems, are poorly understood (Kohler and Triebskorn 2013). Here, we focus on one of the problematic groups of agrochemicals, the systemic insecticides fipronil and those of the neonicotinoid family. The increasing global reliance on the partly prophylactic use of these persistent and potent neurotoxic systemic insecticides has raised concerns about their impacts on biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services provided by a wide range of affected species and environments. The present scale of use, combined with the properties of these compounds, has resulted in widespread contamination of agricultural soils, freshwater resources, wetlands, non-target vegetation and estuarine and coastal marine systems, which means that many organisms inhabiting these habitats are being repeatedly and chronically expose ...
  • References (14)
  • Citations (110)
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References14
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#1L. Pisa (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 3
#2V. Amaral-RogersH-Index: 3
Last. Martin Wiemers (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 17
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#1David W. Gibbons (RSPB: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)H-Index: 25
#2Christy A. Morrissey (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 24
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Concerns over the role of pesticides affecting vertebrate wildlife populations have recently focussed on systemic products which exert broad-spectrum toxicity. Given that the neonicotinoids have become the fastest-growing class of insecticides globally, we review here 150 studies of their direct (toxic) and indirect (e.g. food chain) effects on vertebrate wildlife—mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles. We focus on two neonicotinoids, imidacloprid and clothianidin, and a third insecticide...
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#1N. Simon-Delso (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 6
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#1Madeleine Chagnon (UQAM: Université du Québec à Montréal)H-Index: 13
#2David P. Kreutzweiser (NRCan: Natural Resources Canada)H-Index: 26
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Large-scale use of the persistent and potent neonicotinoid and fipronil insecticides has raised concerns about risks to ecosystem functions provided by a wide range of species and environments affected by these insecticides. The concept of ecosystem services is widely used in decision making in the context of valuing the service potentials, benefits, and use values that well-functioning ecosystems provide to humans and the biosphere and, as an endpoint (value to be protected), in ecological risk...
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Neonicotinoid insecticides are widely used for control of insect pests around the world and are especially pervasive in agricultural pest management. There is a growing body of evidence indicating that the broad-scale and prophylactic uses of neonicotinoids pose serious risks of harm to beneficial organisms and their ecological function. This provides the impetus for exploring alternatives to neonicotinoid insecticides for controlling insect pests. We draw from examples of alternative pest contr...
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Ecosystem services (ESS) are frequently described as nature’s free gift to humankind. However, the first step of ESS and benefit generation is recognising the usability of structures, processes and outputs of ecosystems. This use-value attribution transforms the ecosystem functions (ESF) into ecosystem service potentials (ESP). By investing physical resources, energy and labour, and frequently money as a means to provide them, agents mobilise (part of) the potentials. Cultural, economic and lega...
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Large-scale losses of honey bee colonies represent a poorly understood problem of global importance. Both biotic and abiotic factors are involved in this phenomenon that is often associated with high loads of parasites and pathogens. A stronger impact of pathogens in honey bees exposed to neonicotinoid insecticides has been reported, but the causal link between insecticide exposure and the possible immune alteration of honey bees remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that the neonicotinoid insec...
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#1H.-R. Köhler (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 7
#2Rita Triebskorn (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 34
During the past 50 years, the human population has more than doubled and global agricultural production has similarly risen. However, the productive arable area has increased by just 10%; thus the increased use of pesticides has been a consequence of the demands of human population growth, and its impact has reached global significance. Although we often know a pesticide′s mode of action in the target species, we still largely do not understand the full impact of unintended side effects on wildl...
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#1Matthias LiessH-Index: 47
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Pesticides applied in agriculture can affect the structure and function of nontarget populations at lower doses and for longer timespans than predicted by the current risk assessment frameworks. We identified a mechanism for this observation. The populations of an aquatic invertebrate (Culex pipiens) exposed over several generations to repeated pulses of low concentrations of the neonicotinoid insecticide (thiacloprid) continuously declined and did not recover in the presence of a less sensitive...
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Abstract The EU has developed a Directive on Sustainable Use of Chemical Pesticides (2009/128/EC) (SUD) that aims to enhance the use of non-chemical alternatives to pesticides like microbial plant protection products (PPP). The number of authorized microbial PPP for plant protection has increased globally during the last decade. There is, however, variation between different countries. Sweden and Denmark have for example each authorized 20 microbial PPP while Norway has only authorized four micr...
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Purpose Imidacloprid is a widely used seed dressing insecticide in Brazil. However, the effects of this pesticide on non-target organisms such as soil fauna still present some knowledge gaps in tropical soils. This study aimed to assess the toxicity and risk of imidacloprid to earthworms Eisenia andrei and collembolans Folsomia candida in three contrasting Brazilian tropical soils.
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Solitary bees are frequently exposed to pesticides, which are considered as one of the main stress factors that may lead to population declines. A strong immune defence is vital for the fitness of bees. However, the immune system can be weakened by environmental factors that may render bees more vulnerable to parasites and pathogens. Here we demonstrate for the first time that field-realistic concentrations of the commonly used neonicotinoid insecticide thiacloprid can severely affect the immuno...
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#2Jin Young Lee (MCW: Medical College of Wisconsin)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Fipronil has been widely used in agriculture to prevent aggressive insects from damaging agricultural products. Fipronil residues circulate in the environment and they have been detected in non-targeted organisms in aquatic environments. To study the effect of fipronil toxicity on environmental health, 6 hours post fertilization (hpf) zebrafish embryos were treated with fipronil for 72 h. LC50 value was obtained by applying varying concentrations of fipronil to zebrafish embryos for 72 ...
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The impacts of systemic pesticides on biodiversity are a major ecological concern. Rapid population declines of Sympetrum species (Odonata: Libellulidae) have been reported in various localities in Japan beginning in the 2000s. Several studies suggested that nursery box use of fipronil in paddy fields to prevent insect feeding on rice seedlings negatively impacts Sympetrum larvae. Although several other Odonata species are suspected to have declined significantly in recent decades, accurate eval...
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#1Geneviève LabrieH-Index: 3
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Agricultural soil pests, including wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae), are managed primarily with pesticides applied directly to seeds before sowing. Seeds coated with neonicotinoids have been used widely in Quebec (Canada) for several years. To assess the agronomic and economic value of neonicotinoid seed treatments in soybeans and corn in Quebec, trials were conducted from 2012 to 2016 in 84 fields across seven regions in Quebec. We evaluated the effect of neonicotinoid seed treatments on soil...
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#1Ashley E. Larsen (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 9
#2D. Nakoa Farrant (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)
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Abstract The consequences of agricultural pesticide use for ecological and environmental health are partially determined by the overlap of pesticide use, in space and time, with ecologically important regions. Yet, data limitations have largely inhibited understanding of where and when such overlap occurs. Combining detailed pesticide use data from the diverse agricultural regions of California with species richness data for several taxa including birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles, we eval...
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#1E.M. Maloney (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 3
#2Hunter Sykes (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)
Last. Karsten Liber (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 32
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Acute (96-h) toxicities of 5 systemic insecticides (chlorantraniliprole, cyantraniliprole, flupyradifurone, flubendiamide, and sulfoxaflor) were tested on larval Chironomus dilutus and compared with the neonicotinoid imidacloprid. Three insecticides were less acutely toxic than imidacloprid (2.5-25 times lower). However, chlorantraniliprole and cyantraniliprole were 1.5 to 1.8 times more toxic to C. dilutus. Thus, these ryanodine receptor agonists could pose a higher risk to aquatic insects than...
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#1Kosuke Nakanishi (National Institute for Environmental Studies)H-Index: 1
#2Tetsuyuki Uéda (Ishikawa Prefectural University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Since the mid-1990s, populations of the common Japanese dragonfly Sympetrum frequens in rice fields have declined severely. Application of systemic insecticides—especially fipronil—to nursery boxes of rice seedlings is suspected to be the main cause of the decline. However, until now there have been insufficient population data to test the causality. We conducted a dragonfly survey from 2009 to 2016 in four prefectures of Japan and compiled the data to enable the comparison of populatio...
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#2Mark D. Jankowski (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
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University of Minnesota M.S. thesis. May 2019. Major: Veterinary Medicine. Advisor: Julia Ponder. 1 computer file (PDF); v, 57 pages.
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