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Energy scenario, carbon efficiency, nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics of pearlmillet -mustard system under diverse nutrient and tillage management practices

Published on Jan 1, 2013in African Journal of Agricultural Research
· DOI :10.5897/AJAR12.810
C.M. Parihar6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
R. N. Bhakar1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsSanjeev Sharma11
Estimated H-index: 11
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Abstract
Under limited moisture conditions integrated nutrient management and conservation agriculture (CA) practices plays a vital role. Information on effect of integrated nutrient management (INM) with CA practices in pearlmillet (Pennisetum glaucum)-mustard (Brassica juncea) system is lacking. The present experiment was conducted during 2005-06 and 2006-07 in rainy and winter seasons, at IARI, New Delhi, India to investigate the effect of INM and tillage on pearlmillet-mustard system under limited irrigation. Ridge and furrow (RF) sowing produced significantly higher carbon efficiency (CE), energy output, net returns and economic yield (3768 kg ha-1) of pearlmillet-mustard sequence. The application of 30 kg N+30 kg P2O5+FYM at 6 t/ha to pearlmillet produced significantly higher yield attributes, economic yield (3982 kg ha-1), energy output (194023 MJ ha-1) of the system and CE and net return (189.41 and 315.8 US ha-1) of pearlmillet and mustard individually over control, 30 kg N+20 kg P2O5/ha and sole application of FYM at 6 t/ha. Direct application of 60 kg N+40 kg P2O5/ha to mustard produced significantly higher yield attributes, economic yield (3692 kg ha-1), energy output (182097 MJ), net return (296.73 USha-1) and CE (10.80 and 11.51 during both the years), over control and 30 kg N+20 kg P2O5/ha. The application of INM with ridge furrow sowing increased available N and P contents in the soil. Whereas, the consumptive use, moisture use rates and moisture use efficiency were the highest under ridge furrow sowing of pearlmillet-mustard system
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  • Citations (4)
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References11
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#1B. S. Rathore (Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
#2V. S. Rana (Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
Last.R. K. Nanwal (Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
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#1U. K. Behera (IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute)H-Index: 2
#2A. R. Sharma (IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute)H-Index: 2
Last.H. N. Pandey (IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute)H-Index: 1
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#1K. G. Mandal (Indian Institute of Soil Science)H-Index: 10
#2K.P Saha (Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering)H-Index: 3
Last.K.K. Bandyopadhyay (Indian Institute of Soil Science)H-Index: 17
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#1M. A. Cheema (H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)H-Index: 13
#2M. A. Malik (H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)H-Index: 4
Last.S. M. A. Basra (H.I., S.I.: University of Agriculture, Faisalabad)H-Index: 19
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Cited By4
Newest
#1Donglin Wang (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 1
#2Hao Feng (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)H-Index: 7
Last.Feng Wu (NCWU: North China University of Water Conservancy and Electric Power)
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#1C.M. Parihar (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 4
#2S.L. Jat (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 4
Last.B.R. KuriH-Index: 4
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#1C.M. Parihar (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 4
#2Malu R. Yadav (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Last.R.K. JatH-Index: 7
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#1C.M. Parihar (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 6
#2S.L. Jat (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 5
Last.B.R. Kuri (ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research)H-Index: 4
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#1S. S. Kukal (PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)H-Index: 21
#2M.L. Jat (CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)H-Index: 23
Last.Harminder S. Sidhu (PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)H-Index: 1
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