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Anticandidial activity of some essential oils of a mega biodiversity hotspot in India

Published on Mar 1, 2007in Mycoses3.065
· DOI :10.1111/j.1439-0507.2006.01332.x
B. K. Dutta1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
S. Karmakar1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsM. Begam1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Summary Six essential oils viz. Eucalyptus citriodora, Cymbopogon citratus, Callistemon lanceolatus, Cinnamomum camphora, Citrus limon, Tagetes petula, as well as two standard antibiotics, miconazole and clotrimazole, were tested in vitro for their anticandidial activity. All these essential oils exhibited higher activity than the two synthetic antibiotics. Highest zone of inhibition was recorded in E. citriodora (8.50 mm μl−1) followed by C. lanceolatus (5.63 mm μl−1) establishing their promising anticandidial potential.
  • References (6)
  • Citations (35)
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The leaf essential oil of Callistemon lanceolatus D.C., obtained by hydrodistillation from matured leaves grown at Jorhat, Assam, in the north-eastern region of India, were analysed by GC and GC–MS. A total of 16 compounds were identified and 1,8 cineole (58.3%), α-pinene (21.2%), α-phellandrene (5.8%), limonene (4.1%) and α-terpineol (3.9%) were the major components representing more than 93% of the oil. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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The available therapy for leishmaniasis, which affects 2 million people per annum, still causes serious side effects. The polyphenolic-rich extract from the husk fiber of Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae) presents antibacterial and antiviral activities, also inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation, as shown by our group in previous works. In the present study, the in vitro leishmanicidal effects of C. nucifera on Leishmania amazonensis were evaluated. The minimal inhibitory concentration of the polyphen...
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アロマテラピーとして経験的に利用され,真菌症に効果があるといわれる植物精油12種について,牛胎児血清を含む培地でのCandida albicansの発育形態に及ぼす作用を調べた.C.albicansをRPMI1640培地で3時間培養して,germ tubeを形成させた後,様々な濃度の精油を添加して,更に16時間培養し,発育菌糸量をクリスタル紫染色法にて測定した.その結果,100μg/mlの濃度で加えた場合には,レモングラス(Lemongrass),タイム(Thyme),パチュリ(Patchouli),シダーウッド(Cedarwood)の各精油が明確な菌糸形発育抑制作用を示した.レモングラス精油の主要構成物質であるcitralは,25~100μg/mlの濃度で菌糸形発育を阻止し,200μg/ml以上では菌糸形発育のみならず,酵母形発育に対しても抑制的に作用した.これらの結果は,C.albicansの発育,とくに菌糸形発育を強く阻止する作用をもつレモングラス精油,もしくはcitralが表在性カンジダ症の局所療法に有用である可能性を示すものである.
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