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Investigations on the protective role of passively transferred antibodies against avian metapneumovirus infection in turkeys

Published on Dec 1, 2009in Avian Pathology1.961
· DOI :10.1080/03079450903349204
Dennis Rubbenstroth17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Silke Rautenschlein20
Estimated H-index: 20
Abstract
The avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is the causative agent of an acute respiratory disease in turkeys, which causes considerable economic losses to the poultry industry. Currently attenuated live and inactivated vaccines are widely used to control the disease, but vaccine breaks are frequently observed. For improvement of current vaccination strategies it is necessary to gain enhanced knowledge of the immune mechanisms against aMPV infection. Field observations suggest that vaccine-induced aMPV-specific antibodies are not indicative for protection. In the present study we investigated the role of antibodies in protection of turkeys against aMPV. In two experiments, commercial turkey poults received aMPV-specific antibodies by intravenous injection. The antibody transfer resulted in increased antibody levels in the sera. Virus-specific antibodies were also detected on mucosal surfaces such as the trachea, conjunctivae and gall bladder. Turkeys were subsequently challenged with a virulent aMPV subtype A strain...
  • References (58)
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References58
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SUMMARY. Studies were performed to determine if mucosal vaccination with inactivated avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) subtype C protected turkey poults from clinical disease and virus replication following mucosal challenge. Decreases in clinical disease were not observed in vaccinated groups, and the vaccine failed to inhibit virus replication in the tracheas of 96% of vaccinated birds. Histopathologically, enhancement of pulmonary lesions following virus challenge was associated with birds receivi...
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#2P.M. van de Haar (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
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Summary The measurement of T cell responses in chickens, not only for quantitative aspects but also for the qualitative nature of the responses, becomes increasingly important. However, there are very few assays available to measure T cell function. Therefore, we have developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot assay (ELISPOT) and an intracellular cytokine staining (ICCS) assay. ELISPOT assay for the detection of chicken interferon-gamma (ChIFN- γ ) production was set up and shown to be reproduci...
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