ReOs isotope systematics of HIMU and EMII oceanic island basalts from the south Pacific Ocean

Published on Jan 1, 1993in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.637
· DOI :10.1016/0012-821X(93)90036-9
Erik H. Hauri64
Estimated H-index: 64
(WHOI: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution),
Stanley R. Hart87
Estimated H-index: 87
(WHOI: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
The ReOs and complementary Sr, Nd and Pb systematics of 24 oceanic island basalts from the islands of Savaii, Tahaa, Rarotonga, Rurutu, Tubuai and Mangaia are investigated. Re concentrations range from 100 to 1621 ppt (parts per trillion), while Os concentrations vary from 26 to 750 ppt. The Re and Os concentration variations suggest that fractionation and accumulation of olivine, or a lowRe/Os phase in conjunction with olivine, is important in determining the Os concentration and theRe/Os ratio of the erupted basalt. 187Os186Os in EMII basalts from Samoa and Tahaa varies from 1.0261 to 1.1275. These ratios are mostly within estimates for depleted upper mantle, and do not constrain the involvement of recycled continental crust in the origin of the EMII signature.187Os186Os ratios in HIMU basalts from Rurutu, Tubuai and Mangaia range from 1.1159 to 1.2473, and provide strong evidence for the role of subducted oceanic crust in the HIMU source. The PbPb systematics constrain the range of possible ages and238U204Pb andTh/U ratios of the subducted crust; this crust is estimated to pass through the subduction zone withRb/Sr,Sm/Nd,Lu/Hf andTh/U ratios similar to fresh MORB. The homogeneity of the Os isotopic compositions in the Tubuai and Mangaia basalts indicates that interaction of these basalts with low187Os186Os mantle had an insignificant effect on the Os isotopic composition of the erupted magmas. This requires a network of channels, veins or cracks capable of delivering melt from the source region (plume) to the surface fast enough to avoid interaction with the depleted upper mantle and the oceanic lithosphere. The possible identification of the HIMU signature (high206Pb204Pb, low87Sr86Sr) with recycled oceanic crust suggests the possible presence of segments of recycled crust, with independent histories, in other oceanic mantle sources, including that of some mid-ocean ridge basalts.
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