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Global mobility: Science on the move

Published on Oct 17, 2012in Nature43.07
· DOI :10.1038/490326a
Richard Van Noorden24
Estimated H-index: 24
Abstract
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  • Citations (42)
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#1Charles J. Gomez (CUNY: City University of New York)H-Index: 4
#2Andrew C. Herman (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
Last. Paolo Parigi (Stanford University)H-Index: 12
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Abstract This article investigates the taken-for-granted notion of scientific mobility as fundamentally “global.” We use self- reported biographical profile data of over a hundred thousand scientists from ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) who received a Ph.D. between the 1980s and 2010s. These data are advantageous over data commonly used to trace scientific mobility like surveys and disambiguated bibliometric data, as ORCID data offer both publication histories and a curriculum vitae i...
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#1Sha Yuan (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
#2Zhou Shao (Nanjing University of Science and Technology)
Last. Ye Wang (Ministry of Science and Technology)
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In this era of interdisciplinary science, many scientific achievements, such as artificial intelligence (AI), have brought dramatic revolutions to human society. The increasing availability of digital data on scholarly outputs offers unprecedented opportunities to explore science of science (SciSci). Despite many significant works have been done on SciSci, substantial disciplinary differences in different domains make some insights inadequate within particular fields. One thing standing out is t...
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#1Vadim N. GureyevH-Index: 2
#2Nikolay MazovH-Index: 3
Last. Andrey GuskovH-Index: 3
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#1Alina SîrbuH-Index: 10
#2Gennady AndrienkoH-Index: 43
Last. Cristina Ioana MunteanH-Index: 6
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#1Harald Bauder (RyeU: Ryerson University)H-Index: 23
The relationship between the international mobility of academic researchers and social capital is complex. On the one hand, the literature suggests that social capital facilitates the international mobility of academics which, in turn, promotes the accumulation of international social capital, enhances research productivity, and advances careers. On the other hand, international mobility can isolate researchers from the national social capital in their origin countries. In this paper, I present ...
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#1Michel Dubois (University of Paris)H-Index: 1
#2Catherine Guaspare (University of Paris)H-Index: 1
Trauma is associated with the appearance of the concept of ‘accident’ as a social and legal entity, as well as with the successive discoveries of surgery, psychiatrics, and psychoanalysis. Today, e...
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#1Katya Shelestun (KNU: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv)
In domestic and foreign scientists’ research the scienti c potential is investigated through a series of economic indicators, but social and cultural aspects are not revealed. Scientists’ interest focuses primarily on the resource component of the scienti c potential expressed through quantitative indexes (funding of science, number of academic staff involved in economics, the volume of scienti c & technical work, etc.). The analyses of the current scienti c literature have found that the co...
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#1Oleg Tolstoguzov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Maria Pitukhina (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
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#1Samin Aref (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 6
#2Emilio Zagheni (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 15
Last. Jevin D. West (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 6
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The policy debate around researchers’ geographic mobility has been moving away from a theorized zero-sum game in which countries can be winners (“brain gain”) or losers (“brain drain”), and toward the concept of “brain circulation,” which implies that researchers move in and out of countries and everyone benefits. Quantifying trends in researchers’ movements is key to understanding the drivers of the mobility of talent, as well as the implications of these patterns for the global system of scien...
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