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Managing innovation in multi-technology corporations☆

Published on Feb 1, 1990in Research Policy 5.42
· DOI :10.1016/0048-7333(90)90033-3
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Chalmers University of Technology),
Sören Sjölander7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Chalmers University of Technology)
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Abstract
Abstract This paper introduces the concept of a multi-technology corporation (MTC) and elaborates upon some critical problems in managing innovation in such a context. A model that may aid in conceptualizing various technology strategies is presented. Two generic management of technology problems, technology transition and technology transfer, are presented and analysed. Two empirical case illustrations are given. One case analyzes how the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson managed its successful technological transition from old, electro-mechanical switching technology to new telephone exchanges based on SPC (stored program control) and digital signal processing. The other case analyzes how the Swedish auto-and aerospace company Saab-Scania has attempted to manage technology transfer internally. From each case a number of managerial lessons could be learnt regarding each of the two generic problems in managing technology in multi-technology corporations. In addition, some implications for the theory of firm and industrial organization could be drawn, based on the assumption that managerial development (or learning) takes place regarding technological development. Thereby the conventional view on innovation by invasion and creative destruction is challenged and the old Schumpeter view is qualified. Finally, in the appendix, the empirical relevance of MTCs are discussed. Based on data from the 24 biggest R&D spenders in Sweden, the association between growth, product diversification and technological diversification has been analyzed.
  • References (21)
  • Citations (231)
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References21
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2007in Harvard Business Review 5.69
Robert H. Hayes1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
William J. Abernathy1
Estimated H-index: 1
Unlike European and Japanese managers, American managers have sometimes avoided the hard, make-or-break decisions concerning technological competitiveness. Examining how this shortsighted neglect contributed to U.S. economic decline several decades ago offers useful lessons for today's companies.
Published on Jan 1, 1989
Ralph Biggadike1
Estimated H-index: 1
One way companies grow is to launch new businesses into product markets where they have not previously competed.
Published on Jul 18, 1986in Science 41.04
Fumio Kodama8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Graduate School USA)
A Japanese database on research and development that disaggregates an industry's intramural expenditure into 31 different product fields is used tp measure technological diversification. Sectoral patterts are identified in terms of upstream, downstream, and horizontal diversification—that is, respectively, diversification of an industry's research and development activities into product fields that are industrial inputs of that industry, into those that are outputs, and diversification that is n...
Published on Feb 1, 1986in Science & Public Policy 1.57
Fumio Kodama8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Graduate School USA)
Published on Jan 1, 1986
Lars Hfikanson36
Estimated H-index: 36
,
Udo Zander16
Estimated H-index: 16
Published on Jan 1, 1985in Scientometrics 2.77
Keith Pavitt39
Estimated H-index: 39
(University of Sussex)
Abstract Advances in information technology have increased actual and potential uses of patent statistics as proxy measures of innovative activities. Analytical contributions have come out of economics, bibliometrics, and descriptive comparisons for policy purposes. They show achievement of promise in analysing (1) international patterns of innovative activities and their effects on trade and production; (2) patterns of innovative activities amongst firms, and their effects on firm performance a...
Published on Jun 1, 1982in The Economic Journal 2.93
John H. Dunning62
Estimated H-index: 62
Part 1: 1. The Distinctive Nature of the Multinational Enterprise. 2. Trade, Location of Economic Activity and the Multinational Enterprise: A Search for an Eclectic Approach. 3. Trade, Location of Economic Activity and the Multinational Enterprise: Some Empirical Tests. 4. Explaining Changing Patterns of International Production: In Support of the Eclectic Theory. 5. Explaining the International Direct Investment Position of Countries: Towards a Dynamic or Developmental Approach. 6. The UK's In...
Published on Apr 1, 1982in Technology and Culture 0.66
A. J. Millard1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Devendra Sahal2
Estimated H-index: 2
Published on Jan 1, 1982
Richard E. Caves41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Harvard University)
The third edition of Multinational Enterprise and Economic Analysis surveys the contributions that economic analysis has made to our understanding of why multinational enterprises exist and what consequences they have for the workings of the national and international economies. It shows how economic analysis can explain multinationals' activity patterns and how economics can shed conceptual light on problems of business policies and managerial decisions arising in practice. It addresses the wel...
Cited By231
Newest
Published on May 1, 2018in Technological Forecasting and Social Change 3.81
Agnieszka Radziwon5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AU: Aarhus University),
Marcel Bogers17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen)
Abstract Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face the inherent tension of depending on external partners to complement their internal innovation activities while having limited resources to manage such open innovation processes. Given the importance of collaborative efforts between multiple stakeholders, we address the open innovation challenges from the SME perspective at the business-ecosystem level. We present an inductive case study of a particular regional ecosystem and focus on the ...
Nicoletta Corrocher16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Bocconi University),
Müge Özman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Université Paris-Saclay)
ABSTRACTThis paper investigates whether and how diversified firms in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector innovate in green technologies and assess the potential impact of thes...
Published on Jun 9, 2019in International Journal of Management Reviews 7.60
René Ceipek (University of Innsbruck), Julia Hautz11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Innsbruck)
+ 1 AuthorsKurt Matzler44
Estimated H-index: 44
(University of Innsbruck)
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Strategic Management Journal 5.57
Evan Rawley7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Frédéric C. Godart10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Ad: INSEAD),
Andrew V. Shipilov19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Ad: INSEAD)
Research Summary: We develop a framework for understanding how and when membership in a conglomerate affects a subsidiary's creativity. Focusing on “sectoral” conglomerates with several subsidiaries in the same industry, we explain that the effect has two components: an imprinting effect at the time of affiliation, and a concurrent effect from ongoing interactions with other subsidiaries. In the context of the high‐end fashion industry, we find that a subsidiary's creativity increases when it jo...
Published on Feb 1, 2018in International Business Review 3.64
Ranfeng Qiu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CSUSB: California State University, San Bernardino),
John Cantwell38
Estimated H-index: 38
(RU: Rutgers University)
Abstract This research looks into the innovative activities of subunits of large non-U.S firms in the U.S from 1969 to 1995, suggesting that the innovations in the subunits of multinational corporations are closely linked to their specializations in General Purpose Technologies (GPTs). GPTs enable recombining knowledge from different domains on an international scale, and that the specialization of innovations in GPT fields within a subunit is positively associated with the innovative capacity a...
Published on Jan 2, 2018in Industry and Innovation 3.16
Ranfeng Qiu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CSUSB: California State University, San Bernardino),
John Cantwell38
Estimated H-index: 38
(RU: Rutgers University)
AbstractThis study is inspired by a discussion that there is a shift towards more internationalised innovation networks in multinational corporations. In this study, we introduce the concept of general purpose technologies (GPTs) and examine the role of GPTs in the internationalisation of innovation activities. Based on an U.S. Patent and Trademark Office database covering patents granted in the U.S. to large MNCs between 1969 and 1995, our empirical findings suggest that the development of GPTs...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Long Range Planning 3.36
Marcus J Holgersson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Chalmers University of Technology),
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Chalmers University of Technology),
Marcel Bogers17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen)
In this article, we attempt to extend and nuance the debate on intellectual property (IP) strategy, appropriation, and open innovation in dynamic and systemic innovation contexts. We present the case of four generations of mobile telecommunications systems (covering the period 1980-2015), and describe and analyze the co-evolution of strategic IP management and innovation ecosystems. Throughout this development, technologies and technological relationships were governed with different and shiftin...
Published on Jul 10, 2017in Management Decision 1.96
Marcus J Holgersson5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate firms’ motives to patent in general, and more specifically how some of these motives depend upon firms’ technology strategies and especially their level of open innovation. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a questionnaire survey sent to CTOs (or equivalent) of the largest R&D spenders among Swedish large firms (e.g., ABB, AstraZeneca, Ericsson, and Volvo) and among Swedish small and medium-sized enterprises. Princ...