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Physical Activity Or Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Which Is A More Important Predictor Of Mortality?

Published on May 1, 2001in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise4.478
· DOI :10.1097/00005768-200105001-01549
Steven N. Blair142
Estimated H-index: 142
,
Yiling J. Cheng39
Estimated H-index: 39
+ 2 AuthorsJames B. Kampert33
Estimated H-index: 33
Abstract
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  • Citations (51)
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#1Sara Knaeps (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 5
#2Jan Bourgois (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 20
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ABSTRACTApproximately 3.2 million people die of non-communicable diseases (NCD) each year due to insufficient physical activity. Physical activity guidelines are possibly perceived as too demanding and might thus pose a barrier. We addressed the question if a more stable physical activity pattern is associated with higher levels of health-related fitness than one with high and low intensities, regardless of the physical activity level (PAL). Physical activity was objectively measured in 296 men ...
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#1Sunna Gestsdottir (University of Iceland)H-Index: 3
#2Erla SvansdottirHrobjartur (University of Iceland)H-Index: 4
Last. Erlingur Johannsson (University of Iceland)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Aim To study whether fitness level in adolescence predicts body image in young adulthood. Methods Longitudinal study in which n = 385 participants were measured at age 15 and n = 201 at age 23. Fitness was assessed both objectively and subjectively. Body image was evaluated with the Offer Self- Image Questionnaire. Cross-lagged structural equation model was used to study whether fitness at age 15 predicted body image at age 23, covariates included sex, body mass index, physical activity...
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Objectives: Physical fitness may reduce systemic inflammation levels relevant to the risk of symptomatic Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC); we assessed if fitness in adolescence is a ...
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#1Hans Van Remoortel (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 15
#2Santiago Giavedoni (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 5
Last. Thierry Troosters (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 66
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The assessment of physical activity in healthy populations and in those with chronic diseases is challenging. The aim of this systematic review was to identify whether available activity monitors (AM) have been appropriately validated for use in assessing physical activity in these groups. Following a systematic literature search we found 134 papers meeting the inclusion criteria; 40 conducted in a field setting (validation against doubly labelled water), 86 in a laboratory setting (validation a...
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Regelmasige korperliche Aktivitat zur Pravention verschiedener Krankheiten, insbesondere des Herz-Kreislauf-Systems, ist heute mit hoher Evidenz anerkannt. Weiterhin haben zahlreiche Studien in den letzten Jahren und Jahrzehnten ubereinstimmend gezeigt, dass auch die korperliche Fitness, also die Belastungskapazitat, eine sehr gute Aussage zur Prognose von Mortalitat und Morbiditat ermoglicht, sowohl bei Gesunden als auch bei asymptomatischen oder symptomatischen Patienten. Die korperliche Fitne...
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#1Maria Helena Weber (UFRGS: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)H-Index: 3
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Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is a chaperone that maintains protein conformation during heat stress. It has recently been observed that HSP70 may be released from cells in response to increased energy demand (e.g., exercise) and/or oxidative stress. Since HSP70 levels should change in response to athletic training, we have investigated whether blood HSP70 levels in young women handball players change over a complete training season. Thirty women handball players (12–24 years old) were divided in...
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Bewegungsmangel gilt als bedeutender Risikofaktor fur kardiovaskulare Erkrankungen. Regelmasige korperliche Aktivitat und Bewegung fuhren zu Anpassungen in der Muskulatur, an Herz und Kreislauf sowie im Stoffwechselgeschehen. Im Rahmen der Primarpravention sinkt durch korperliche Aktivitat die Gesamtmortalitat um 22–34% und die kardiovaskulare Mortalitat um 27–35%. Diese Befunde sind in zahlreichen prospektiven Kohortenstudien erhoben worden und durch 4 Metaanalysen an bis zu 800.0000 Probanden ...
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Erkrankungen des Herz-Kreislauf-Systems sind fur ungefahr 50% der Todesfalle in den westlichen Industrienationen verantwortlich. Korperliche Inaktivitat gilt als ein bedeutsamer kardiovaskularer Risikofaktor. Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen Uberblick uber die aktuellen Studien, die sich mit dem Stellenwert mangelnder korperlicher Aktivitat als Risikofaktor fur das Auftreten kardiovaskularer Erkrankungen befassen. Dabei wird auch darauf eingegangen, wie Umfang und Intensitat der korperlichen Ak...
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