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Relative effects of ammonia and nitrite on the germination and early growth of aerobic rice

Published on Apr 1, 2011in Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 2.06
· DOI :10.1002/jpln.201000222
V. R. Haden6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Cornell University),
Jing Xiang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Rice University)
+ 5 AuthorsJohn M. Duxbury30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Cornell University)
Cite
Abstract
Recent studies have documented adverse affects of urea on the establishment and growth of aerobic rice when applied at seeding. The following experiments were conducted to examine the relative importance of ammonia and nitrite (NO) toxicities as mechanisms contributing to poor germination and early growth of aerobic rice. Soil was collected from an experiment in the Philippines where aerobic rice was grown continuously for 7 years. Subsamples of the soil were: (1) pretreated with sulfuric acid (0.5 M H2SO4 added at 75 mL kg–1), (2) oven-heated at 120°C for 12 h, or (3) left untreated. In a greenhouse study N was applied to the untreated, acidified, and oven-heated soils as either urea or ammonium sulfate (0.0 or 0.3 g N kg–1). Plant height, root length, total biomass, and number of seminal roots were evaluated after 10 d. Microdiffusion incubations were used to assess the effects of soil pretreatment, N source, and N rate (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 g N kg–1) on ammonia (NH3) volatilization and germination. Nitrite incubations were conducted to establish a critical level for NO toxicity and measure the extractable NO and germination trends as affected by soil pretreatment, N source, and N rate. On untreated soil, urea reduced early growth and germination while ammonium sulfate caused no adverse effects. Progressively higher rates of urea increased NH3 volatilization and inhibited germination, while oven-heating and acidification minimized the adverse effects. All treatment combinations (soil pretreatment, N source, N rate) had extractable NO levels below the critical level of 0.2 g N kg–1, suggesting that ammonia and not NO toxicity was the principal cause of inhibition. Since the risk of NH3 toxicity is highest just following urea hydrolysis, strategies to optimize the timing and placement of urea should be considered.
  • References (36)
  • Citations (19)
Cite
References36
Newest
Published on Oct 1, 2009in Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 1.42
Jing Xiang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University),
V. R. Haden6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Cornell University)
+ 5 AuthorsKehui Cui22
Estimated H-index: 22
(HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)
Abstract A yield decline and increase in soil pH under continuous cropping of aerobic rice have been reported in previous studies. However, the underlying mechanisms governing the poor growth and low yield of aerobic rice following an increase in soil pH are unknown. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of soil acidification on the soil nutrient availability, plant nutrition and growth of aerobic rice grown in continuously cropped aerobic soil. Two pot experiments were ...
Published on Feb 1, 2009in Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 1.42
Lixiao Nie21
Estimated H-index: 21
(HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University),
Shaobing Peng46
Estimated H-index: 46
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
+ 4 AuthorsJing Xiang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)
Abstract Yield decline resulting from continuous cropping of aerobic rice is a constraint to the widespread adoption of aerobic rice technology. Shifts in water management from flooded to aerobic conditions are known to influence the availability and form of N present in the soil and might require a different approach to N management in aerobic rice. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of different N sources on the plant growth and grain yield of aerobic rice. Four pot exper...
Published on Feb 1, 2007in Field Crops Research 3.87
B.U. Choudhury3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Remote Sensing Center),
B.A.M. Bouman42
Estimated H-index: 42
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute),
Atul Singh12
Estimated H-index: 12
(IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute)
Abstract Permanent raised beds are being proposed for the rice–wheat system in the Indo-Gangetic Plain to increase its productivity and to save water. It is not clear whether reported water savings in rice arise from the geometry of the beds per se or from the particular water management that keeps the soil in aerobic conditions and that can also be applied on flat land. Moreover, little research has been reported on direct seeding of rice on raised beds and on the effect of raised beds on the s...
Published on Jan 1, 2007in Soil Science Society of America Journal 2.00
Barney R. Griggs1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UA: University of Arkansas),
R. J. Norman26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UA: University of Arkansas)
+ 1 AuthorsNathan A. Slaton23
Estimated H-index: 23
In the southern U.S. dry-seeded, delayed-flood rice (Oryza sativa L.) culture system, there are two practices that can aggravate NH 3 volatilization losses of urea applied preflood: untimely application of the permanent flood and conservation tillage. The objectives of this study were to determine the influence of tillage practice, N source, and application time on NH 3 volatilization, N uptake, and grain yield of delayed flood rice grown on a clay and silt loam soil. Multisite field studies wer...
Published on Apr 1, 2006in Field Crops Research 3.87
Shaobing Peng8
Estimated H-index: 8
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute),
B.A.M. Bouman42
Estimated H-index: 42
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
+ 3 AuthorsHong-Kyu Park6
Estimated H-index: 6
(RDA: Rural Development Administration)
Abstract Yield penalty and yield stability of aerobic rice have to be considered before promoting this water-saving technology in the tropics. The objectives of this study were (1) to compare crop performance between aerobic and flooded rice continuously over several seasons, and (2) to identify yield attributes responsible for the yield gap between aerobic and flooded rice. Field experiments were conducted at the International Rice Research Institute farm in dry and wet seasons. Grain yield and...
Published on Feb 1, 2006in Biogeochemistry 3.41
Patricia M. Glibert60
Estimated H-index: 60
(UMCES: University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science),
John A. Harrison27
Estimated H-index: 27
(RU: Rutgers University)
+ 1 AuthorsSybil P. Seitzinger76
Estimated H-index: 76
(RU: Rutgers University)
While the global increase in the use of nitrogen-based fertilizers has been well recognized, another change in fertilizer usage has simultaneously occurred: a shift toward urea-based products. Worldwide use of urea has increased more than 100-fold in the past 4 decades and now constitutes >50% of global nitrogenous fertilizer usage. Global urea usage extends beyond agricultural applications; urea is also used extensively in animal feeds and in manufacturing processes. This change has occurred to...
Published on Jul 15, 1998in Planta 3.06
Glen Wilson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Giessen),
Franz Grolig19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Marburg),
Harald Kosegarten16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Giessen)
Changes of vacuolar pH in hair cells of young rice (Oryza sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) roots were measured after ammonia application at various levels of external pH. After loading the pH-sensitive, fluorescent dye Oregon green 488 carboxylic acid 6-isomer into the vacuoles of root hairs, ratiometric pH data of high statistical significance were obtained from root hair populations comprising hundreds of cells. The pH of the vacuole at external pH 5.0 was 5.32 ± 0.08 (±SD, n= 15) and 5.41 ±...
Published on Feb 1, 1997in Plant Physiology 6.30
Harald Kosegarten16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Franz Grolig19
Estimated H-index: 19
+ 2 AuthorsBernd Hoffmann29
Estimated H-index: 29
Intact hair cells of young rice (Oryza sativa L.) and maize roots (Zea mays L.), grown without external nitrogen, were specifically loaded with 2[prime],7[prime]-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5 (and -6)-carboxyfluorescein acetoxymethyl ester to monitor fluorescence ratio cytosolic pH changes in response to external ammonia (NH4+/NH3) application. In neutral media, cytosolic pH of root hairs was 7.15 [plus or minus] 0.13 (O. sativa) and 7.08 [plus or minus] 0.11 (Z. mays). Application of 2 mM ammonia at e...
Published on Jan 1, 1996in Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 2.85
M. X. Fan3
Estimated H-index: 3
(McGill University),
A. F. MacKenzie5
Estimated H-index: 5
(McGill University),
H. D. Blenkhorn1
Estimated H-index: 1
(McGill University)
Applying urea with acidic phosphate fertlizer increases urea fertilizer efficiency by reducing ammonia volatilization and toxicity to crop from urea hydrolysis. However, urea and triple superphosphate (TSP) are not recommended to be cogranulated because blends might become wet and sticky. Monoammonium phosphate (MAP) is a less acidic P source than TSP, but is compatible with urea. The objective of this study was to evaluate compound NP fertilizer products made from MAP and TSP combinations as P ...
Published on Jan 1, 1996
Donald L. Sparks78
Estimated H-index: 78
,
A. L. Page31
Estimated H-index: 31
+ 5 AuthorsM. E. Sumner36
Estimated H-index: 36
Cited By19
Newest
Published on Jul 9, 2019in Ecology and Evolution 2.42
Mingxing Zhong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Henan University),
Yuan Miao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Henan University)
+ 1 AuthorsDong Wang (Henan University)
Published on Jul 3, 2019in Ecoscience 0.63
Wenjuan Han (ZJNU: Zhejiang Normal University), Jia Jiang (ZJNU: Zhejiang Normal University)+ 4 AuthorsJian Ni (ZJNU: Zhejiang Normal University)
ABSTRACTTo assess the effects of nitrogen deposition and liming on the early regeneration of two dominant tree species, Pinus massoniana and Schima superba, in a subtropical forest of China, we conducted a greenhouse experiment at three nitrogen deposition levels (0, 10, and 20 g N m−2 year−1) and two liming levels (0 and 100 g CaCO3 m−2 year−1). Results showed that (1) nitrogen deposition decreased the seed germination and seedling survival of P. massoniana, but did not affect those of S. super...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Science of The Total Environment 5.59
Getachew Dubache1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Siqi Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsJia Deng4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UNH: University of New Hampshire)
Abstract Urea accounts for over half of the global ammonia volatilization from synthetic nitrogen fertilization. Process-oriented models, such as the widely applied DeNitrification DeComposition 9.5 version (DNDC95), are expected to predict ammonia volatilization from agricultural urea applications under various conditions. However, compared to the winter-tunnel ammonia observations of a nationwide, seven-site/ten-case network in the United Kingdom, the DNDC95 greatly underestimated the ammonia ...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Particle & Particle Systems Characterization 4.19
Junshan Hu (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China), Shiping Zhan4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Hunan University of Science and Technology)
+ 6 AuthorsYunxin Liu5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Hunan University of Science and Technology)
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Frontiers in Plant Science 4.11
Narendra Sharma1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IP: Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University),
Vimlendu Bhushan Sinha4
Estimated H-index: 4
(IP: Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University)
+ 5 AuthorsNandula Raghuram13
Estimated H-index: 13
(IP: Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University)
The biological improvement of fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is hampered by the poor characterization of the phenotype and genotype for crop N response and NUE. In an attempt to identify phenotypic traits for N-response and NUE in the earliest stages of plant growth, we analysed the N-responsive germination, respiration, urease activities and root/shoot growth of 21 Indica genotypes of rice (O. sativa var. Indica). We found that N delays germination from 0 to 12 hrs in a genotype-depen...
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Chemie Ingenieur Technik 1.07
Barbara Weiner10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Marc Breulmann8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)
+ 2 AuthorsFrank-Dieter Kopinke35
Estimated H-index: 35
Published on May 12, 2018in Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 1.68
Marc Breulmann8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ),
Elke Schulz20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)
+ 2 AuthorsChristoph Fühner4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)
ABSTRACTLarge amounts of labile compounds are adsorbed to the surface of chars produced by hydrothermal carbonization (HTC). The aim of this study was to characterize the core and adsorbed fractions of hydrochars and to gain knowledge about the possibility to remove phytotoxic compounds by washings with water. Chars were produced by HTC of sewage sludge at different temperatures (180 – 200 °C) and over different periods of time (4 – 8 h). For comparison one pyrolysis char produced by thermocatal...
Published on Jan 28, 2018in Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 1.68
H. S. Thind13
Estimated H-index: 13
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University),
Yadvinder-Singh27
Estimated H-index: 27
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
+ 3 AuthorsBijay-Singh29
Estimated H-index: 29
(PAU: Punjab Agricultural University)
ABSTRACTDry direct-seeded aerobic rice (DSR) is an emerging attractive alternative to traditional puddled transplanted rice (PTR) production system for reducing labour and irrigation water requirements in the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP) of India. The fertilizer N requirement of DSR grown with alternate wetting and drying water management may differ from that of PTR grown under continuous flooding due to differences in N dynamics in the soil/water system and crop growth patterns. Limited studies h...
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Environmental and Experimental Botany 3.71
Xuejie Wan2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University),
Wei Wu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
+ 3 AuthorsYuncheng Liao12
Estimated H-index: 12
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
Abstract Poor seed germination and early seedling growth caused by ammonia toxicity following urea application are major constraints for wheat production. This study aims to determine ammonia volatilization caused by urea and its damage to seed germination, early seedling growth, and its associated physiological mechanism. Two petri dish experiments were conducted under four nitrogen (N) application rates (0, 0.58, 1.16 and 1.75 mg N g −1 soil) for six wheat varieties that differ in their ammoni...
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology 1.53
Tiago Tezotto10
Estimated H-index: 10
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Sarah Caroline Ribeiro de Souza4
Estimated H-index: 4
(State University of Campinas)
+ 4 AuthorsJoseph C. Polacco36
Estimated H-index: 36
(MU: University of Missouri)
The soybean eu3-a mutant (formerly, eu3-e1) lacks all ureolytic activity. Eu3 encodes urease accessory (Ni insertion) protein, UreG. Eu3 (Glycine max v1.1 Glyma08g08970.1) is the only UreG-encoding gene in the soybean genome. Here we show that the eu3-a lesion is a 2.4 kb deletion, beginning 50 bp upstream of the transcription start, and covering 94 % of the deduced amino acid sequence of UreG, explaining the urease activity-null phenotype of eu3-a. We established near-isogenic lines (NILs), eu3...