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Blinding in peer review: the preferences of reviewers for nursing journals

Published on Oct 1, 2008in Journal of Advanced Nursing2.376
· DOI :10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04816.x
Judith Gedney Baggs22
Estimated H-index: 22
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University),
Marion E. Broome32
Estimated H-index: 32
(IUPUI: Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis)
+ 2 AuthorsMargaret H. Kearney26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UR: University of Rochester)
Abstract
Title. Blinding in peer review: the preferences of reviewers for nursing journals. Aim. This paper is a report of a study to assess the beliefs and preferences of reviewers for nursing journals about blinding of authors to reviewers, reviewers to authors, neither or both. Background. Blinding of author and reviewer names in the manuscript review process has been of interest to nursing editors, but reports that are based on data rather than simply opinion concern the editorial practices of biomedical rather than nursing journals. There has been no study of nursing journal reviewer beliefs and preferences related to blinding. Method. A descriptive web-based survey was conducted. The sample included 1675 anonymous reviewers, recruited through 52 editors of nursing journals from their review panels. Data were collected in 2007. Findings. Double-blinding of reviews was the most common method reported. Ninety per cent of respondents reported that the papers they received to review did not include author names. When author names were blinded, 62% of reviewers could not identify the authors of papers; another 17% could identify authors £10% of the time. Double-blinding was the method preferred by 93AE6% of reviewers, although some identified some advantages to an unblinded open review process. Conclusion. Nursing journal reviewers are generally very satisfied with doubleblinding and believe it contributes to the quality of papers published. Editors or editorial boards interested in a more open review process could consider alternatives such as offering authors and reviewers the option to unblind themselves. Simply announcing that the review process will henceforth be unblinded would probably lead to loss of reviewers.
  • References (33)
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References33
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#1Margaret H. Kearney (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 26
#2Judith Gedney Baggs (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)H-Index: 22
Last. Margaret Comerford Freda (Yeshiva University)H-Index: 20
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Purpose: To describe nursing journal reviewers' professional backgrounds, reviewing experience, time investment, and perceptions of their role. Design: Exploratory descriptive cross-sectional study. Methods: A 69-question survey containing both fixed-option and open-ended questions and accessed via the World Wide Web was completed by 1,675 nursing journal reviewers who had been invited to participate by editors of 52 nursing journals. Findings: Participants were from 44 countries, with 74% from ...
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#1Glenn Regehr (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 69
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Objective In order to inform discussions about possible changes to Medical Education's blinding policy, members of the journal's editorial board were interested in discovering reviewers' and authors' preferences with regard to the current double-blind policy and various alternatives. Methods In September 2005, an 8-question, web-based survey was sent to all authors and reviewers who had submitted or reviewed a manuscript for Medical Education in 2003 and 2004 (n = 2632). The questions asked abou...
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