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What is the Effect of Resistance Training on the Strength, Body Composition and Psychosocial Status of Overweight and Obese Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Published on Sep 1, 2013in Sports Medicine 7.58
· DOI :10.1007/s40279-013-0062-9
Natasha Schranz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UniSA: University of South Australia),
Grant R. Tomkinson20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UniSA: University of South Australia),
Tim Olds48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UniSA: University of South Australia)
Cite
Abstract
Background Overweight and obese children and adolescents face many physical and psychosocial hardships. Resistance training is a modality of exercise which allows this at-risk group to excel and therefore has the potential to positively affect not only their physical but also psychosocial health.
  • References (73)
  • Citations (43)
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References73
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2012in BMC Pediatrics 1.98
Jong-Hwan Park8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Waseda University),
Masashi Miyashita18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Waseda University)
+ 8 AuthorsYoshio Nakamura160
Estimated H-index: 160
(Waseda University)
Background Endothelial dysfunction is associated with childhood obesity and is closely linked to the amount and function of endothelial progenitor cells. However, it remains unclear whether endothelial progenitor cells increase with after-school exercise in overweight and obese children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an after-school exercise programme on endothelial cell function in overweight and obese children.
37 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2012in Journal of Health Psychology 2.26
A. Justine Wilson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UWO: University of Western Ontario),
Mary E. Jung14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
+ 3 AuthorsCheril Clarson14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
This feasibility study assessed the effects of an exercise plus group-based self-regulatory skills intervention on obese youths’ physical activity, social cognitions, body composition and strength. Forty-three obese youth (male = 13, BMI > 95th percentile; 10–16 yrs) completed this 12-week intervention. Assessments were taken at baseline, week 6, 13 and 12 weeks post-intervention (week 24). Although no attention control group (i.e. exercise only) was included in this study, participants engaged ...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2012in Diabetes 7.20
SoJung Lee34
Estimated H-index: 34
(University of Pittsburgh),
Fida Bacha31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Pittsburgh)
+ 3 AuthorsSilva Arslanian62
Estimated H-index: 62
(University of Pittsburgh)
The optimal exercise modality for reductions of abdominal obesity and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth is unknown. We examined the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) versus resistance exercise (RE) without caloric restriction on abdominal adiposity, ectopic fat, and insulin sensitivity and secretion in youth. Forty-five obese adolescent boys were randomly assigned to one of three 3-month interventions: AE, RE, or a nonexercising control. Abdominal fat was assessed by magnetic resonance im...
138 Citations Source Cite
Aline de Piano21
Estimated H-index: 21
,
Marco Túlio de Mello40
Estimated H-index: 40
+ 11 AuthorsLian Tock19
Estimated H-index: 19
Objective To compare the effects of aerobic training(AT) with aerobic plus resistance training (AT+RT)in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) obeseadolescents.Design Long-term interdisciplinary weight-loss therapy(1 year of clinical, nutritional, psychological, and exercise-related intervention).Participants Fifty-eight postpubertal obese adolescentswere randomized to AT or AT+RT according to NAFLDdiagnosis. Adipokine and neuropeptide concentrationswere measured by enzyme-linked immunosorben...
41 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2012in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.48
Corey A. Rynders8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Arthur Weltman56
Estimated H-index: 56
+ 4 AuthorsNelly Mauras46
Estimated H-index: 46
Purpose: Obesity in adolescence increases the risk for early adult cardiovascular disease. We recently showed that 6 months of diet, exercise, and metformin resulted in reductions in adiposity and that diet/exercise alone reduced proinflammatory factors and intrahepatic fat in pubertal children with uncomplicated obesity. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) after 6 months of structured diet and exercise (DE) or DE plus metformin ar...
22 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2012in Academic Pediatrics 2.54
Juan Francisco Lisón7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
José María Real-Montes1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsEmpar Lurbe30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Valencia)
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a hospital clinic group- versus home-based combined exercise–diet program for the treatment of childhood obesity. Methods One hundred ten overweight/obese Spanish children and adolescents (6–16 years) in 2 intervention groups (hospital clinic group-based [n = 45] and home-based [n = 41]) and a sex-age-matched control group (n = 24) were randomly assigned to participate in a 6-month combined exercise (aerobic and resistance tra...
25 Citations Source Cite
Olga T. Hardy12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Jean L. Wiecha19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Massachusetts Boston)
+ 8 AuthorsLing Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Massachusetts Boston)
Behavioral changes are the first line of treatment for dyslipidemia in adolescents, but outcome data on the effectiveness of this approach are inconsistent. This study aims to assess the effect of a 13-week multicomponent wellness intervention program, which included weekly nutrition classes and structured cardiovascular, flexibility, and strength training on dyslipidemia in nine overweight/obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile] and nine lean (BMI <85th percentile) adolescents. Clinical ...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Cardiopulmonary physical therapy journal
James W. Farris9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Laura Taylor1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsChristopher Robinson1
Estimated H-index: 1
Childhood obesity is a growing problem, for which multi-disciplinary interventions are needed. Purpose: This interdisciplinary intervention program was designed to improve the health of children who were obese. Methods: Twenty-five children, mean age 8.1 (1.5) years; body mass index (BMI)> 98th percentile, and their parents completed the 12-week (3 days/wk) intervention consisting of aerobic and resistance exercise appropriate to age and developmental levels. Baseline and posttest measures of bl...
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2011in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.48
Jaimie N. Davis25
Estimated H-index: 25
,
Lauren E. Gyllenhammer7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 5 AuthorsMichael I. Goran85
Estimated H-index: 85
Purpose: This study aimed to test the effects of a circuit training (CT; aerobic + strength training) program, with and without motivational interviewing (MI) behavioral therapy, on reducing adiposity and type 2 diabetes risk factors in Latina teenagers. Methods: Thirty-eight Latina adolescents (15.8 ± 1.1 yr) who are overweight/obese were randomly assigned to control (C; n = 12), CT (n = 14), or CT + MI (n = 12). The CT classes were held twice a week (60-90 min) for 16 wk. The CT + MI group als...
60 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2011in Journal of Clinical Hypertension 2.44
Marco Túlio de Mello40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Aline de Piano21
Estimated H-index: 21
+ 6 AuthorsAna R. Dâmaso25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)
The metabolic syndrome is an emerging clinical problem and different kinds of interventions have emphasized that healthy eating and exercise are crucial to its control. The aim of this study was to identify whether aerobic training plus resistance training (AT+RT) is more effective than AT on improving features of the metabolic syndrome and adiponectinemia in obese adolescents. A total of 30 adolescents (aged 15–19 years, body mass index 95 percentile) were enrolled in the program. All patients ...
39 Citations Source Cite
Cited By43
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2019in BMC Pediatrics 1.98
Sarah L. West13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Trent University),
Laura Banks1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UHN: University Health Network)
+ 5 AuthorsGreg D. Wells
Physical activity (PA) is associated with a diverse range of health benefits. International guidelines suggest that children should be participating in a minimum of 60 min of moderate to vigorous intensity PA per day to achieve these benefits. However, current guidelines are intended for healthy children, and thus may not be applicable to children with a chronic disease. Specifically, the dose of PA and disease specific exercise considerations are not included in these guidelines, leaving such c...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Sports Medicine - Open
Helen Collins (Edin.: University of Edinburgh), Josephine N. Booth8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh)
+ 2 AuthorsAilsa Niven10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh)
Background There is growing evidence that physical activity (PA) is beneficial for the mental health of young people. One area that has been widely examined is the impact of PA on ‘the self’, which is a term that encompasses a range of specific and related terms (e.g. self-esteem, self-efficacy, self-perceptions). There is evidence that PA is strongly associated with ‘the self’ in childhood and beyond. However, the impact of the specific PA of resistance training (RT) is not yet clear. The purpo...
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Published on Jul 16, 2019in World Journal of Pediatrics 1.17
Theodora Psaltopoulou34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens),
Stamatios Tzanninis (University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust)+ 5 AuthorsTheodoros N. Sergentanis29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
Background The goal of this systematic review is to synthesize the published meta-analyses assessing the role of nutritional, behavioral and physical activity factors/interventions on the prevention or treatment of pediatric and adolescent obesity.
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Background Nowadays resistance and plyometric training are deemed to be a crucial component of a health promoting lifestyle in youth. Effects of resistance training and plyometric training may actually be synergistic, with their combined effects being greater than each program performed alone.
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Published on Apr 3, 2019in Journal of Sports Sciences 2.81
Brooklyn J. Fraser3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UTAS: University of Tasmania),
Leigh Blizzard50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UTAS: University of Tasmania)
+ 9 AuthorsAlison Venn43
Estimated H-index: 43
(UTAS: University of Tasmania)
ABSTRACTPrevious data have indicated relative stability over time of paediatric jumping performance, but few data exist since the early 2000s. This study quantified the 30-year secular changes in jumping performance of Australian children aged 11−12-years using data from the Australian Schools Health and Fitness Survey (1985, n = 1967) and Growing Up in Australia’s Child Health CheckPoint (2015, n = 1765). Both cohorts measured jumping performance (standing long jump distance), anthropometric an...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Sports Medicine - Open
Helen Collins (Edin.: University of Edinburgh), Samantha Fawkner2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Edin.: University of Edinburgh)
+ 1 AuthorsAudrey Duncan (Dund.: University of Dundee)
Background There has been a rise in research into obesity prevention and treatment programmes in youth, including the effectiveness of resistance-based exercise. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effect of resistance training interventions on weight status in youth.
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Jozo Grgic8
Estimated H-index: 8
(VU: Victoria University, Australia),
Dorothea Dumuid1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RMIT: RMIT University)
+ 4 AuthorsZeljko Pedisic10
Estimated H-index: 10
(VU: Victoria University, Australia)
During a 24-h day, each given period is spent in either sedentary behaviour, sleeping, light physical activity (LPA), or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In epidemiological research most studies have traditionally analysed the associations of these behaviours in isolation from each other; that is, without taking into account the displacement of time spent in the remaining behaviours. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in exploring how all the behaviours across the e...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 10, 2018in PLOS ONE 2.78
Matti Peitz (German Sport University Cologne), Michael Behringer2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Goethe University Frankfurt),
Urs Granacher28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Potsdam)
Introduction To date, several meta-analyses clearly demonstrated that resistance and plyometric training are effective to improve physical fitness in children and adolescents. However, a methodological limitation of meta-analyses is that they synthesize results from different studies and hence ignore important differences across studies (i.e., mixing apples and oranges). Therefore, we aimed at examining comparative intervention studies that assessed the effects of age, sex, maturation, and resis...
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Published on Oct 1, 2018in Mental Health and Physical Activity 1.80
Jordan J. Smith15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Newcastle),
Mark R. Beauchamp24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
+ 3 AuthorsDavid R. Lubans43
Estimated H-index: 43
(University of Newcastle)
Abstract Objective To examine the impact of a school-based physical activity intervention on adolescents' self-esteem and subjective well-being, and to explore moderators and mediators of intervention effects. Methods Resistance Training for Teens was evaluated using a cluster RCT in 16 schools located in New South Wales, Australia. Adolescents ( N = 508; 14.1 ± 0.5 years; 49.6% female) completed measures of global self-esteem, subjective well-being, and hypothesized mediators (i.e., perceived f...
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Published on Feb 28, 2018in American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Kirsten Legerlotz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Humboldt University of Berlin)
Many parents still hesitate to encourage their children to participate in resistance training programs. This is unfortunate since recent research shows that resistance training can positively affect children’s health. This narrative review aims to present an overview of the health-associated effects resistance training can provide particularly in children and adolescents with disabilities by describing its effects on muscle strength, physical function, mental health, self-concept, obesity, and i...
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