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Favorable Changes in Lipid Profile: The Effects of Fasting after Ramadan

Published on Oct 24, 2012in PLOS ONE2.776
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0047615
Abdullah Shehab11
Estimated H-index: 11
(United Arab Emirates University),
Abdishakur Abdulle19
Estimated H-index: 19
(United Arab Emirates University)
+ 2 AuthorsNico Nagelkerke41
Estimated H-index: 41
(United Arab Emirates University)
Abstract
Aims We assessed the effect of fasting during Ramadan on blood pressure (BP), body weight, plasma lipid, and lipoprotein variables among healthy normal individuals. Methods 102 (68% male) multi-ethnic volunteers; mean age ± SD (38.7±10.5 years) were randomly recruited in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE), to be investigated before Ramadan, one day after the end of Ramadan, and four weeks after Ramadan. Anthropometric, demographic, fasting plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and high density lipoprotein–cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured by standard methods, and Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) was calculated using Friedewald’s formula. Results 65 subjects completed the study. We found significant and beneficial changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), body weight, waist circumference (WC), TG, HDL-C and LDL-C, at the end of Ramadan, but not in TC. Further, there was a progressive and significant increase and decrease in HDL-C and LDL-C levels, respectively, four weeks after Ramadan. Conclusions We observed significant improvements in HDL-C, and LDL-C levels even after four weeks post Ramadan. Ramadan-like fasting may be considered for more effective lipid and lipoprotein control.
  • References (29)
  • Citations (48)
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References29
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#1Peter Hajek (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 44
#2Katie Myers (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 5
Last. Hayden McRobbie (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 35
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Background During Ramadan, observant Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset for a month. Knowing whether Ramadan fasting affects body weight has implications for health advice to the Muslim community, for understanding the effects of skipping meals on body weight, and for general weight management advice. Methods We compared body weight before and after the Ramadan fast and 1 month later in observant Muslims attending a Mosque in East London, UK. Results In 202 participants who provided weight at t...
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#1Jasem Ramadan Alkandari (Kuniv: Kuwait University)H-Index: 3
#2Ronald J. Maughan (Lboro: Loughborough University)H-Index: 55
Last. Umid Karli (Abant Izzet Baysal University)H-Index: 3
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Abstract Islamic Ramadan is a 29–30 day fast in which food, fluids, medications, drugs and smoking are prohibited during the daylight hours which can be extended between 13 and 18 h · day−1 depending on the geographical location and season. The majority of health-specific findings related to Ramadan fasting are mixed. The likely causes for these heterogeneous findings lie in the amount of daily time of fasting, number of subjects who smoke, take oral medications, and/or receive intravenous fluid...
37 CitationsSource
Background: Behavioral weight-loss treatments have been overwhelmingly unsuccessful. Many inadequately address both behavioral theory and extant research—especially in regard to the lack of viability of simply educating individuals on improved eating and exercise behaviors. Objective: The aim was to synthesize research on associations of changes in exercise behaviors, psychosocial factors, eating behaviors, and weight; and then conduct further direct testing to inform the development of an impro...
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Different Islamic populations have different alimentary habits, notably during Ramadan. The paper reports the change of diet, lipids, and lipoproteins produced during Ramadan in one Tunisian population. During Ramadan, the study subjects consumed more proteins, cholesterol, vitamin E (p<0.01), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (p<0.05). At the same time, they exhibited an increase in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (p<0.01) and apoprotein B (p<0.05) and a decrease in the rat...
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Summary Background: Endothelial dysfunction and postprandial hyperglycemia represent independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Obesity is connected with endothelial impairments; however, it is unclear whether weight loss can modify endothelial function during the postprandial period. The aim of this study was to evaluate endothelial response (post-ischemic forearm blood flow, PIFBF) in a fast -ed state and following ingestion of 75g glucose before and after very low caloric diet (VLC...
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Ramadan, the holy month for the Islamic world, is a period every year when food and fluid intake is restricted to the pre-sunrise and post-sunset hours. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Ramadan fasting on the serum concentration of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and serum lipid profile in healthy men. Methods: A total of 32 male volunteers with a mean age of 28.5 (range 23–37) years were selected for the study. Blood samples were obtained one day prior to Ramadan and on the 3rd...
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#2Shahabi SH-Index: 1
introduction : ramadan, the holy month for the islamic world, is a period every year when food and fluid intake is restricted to the pre-sunrise and post-sunset hours. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of r amadan fasting on the serum concentration of heat shock protein 70 (HSp70) and serum lipid profile in healthy men. Methods : a total of 32 male volunteers with a mean age of 28.5 (range 23–37) years were selected for the study. Blood samples were obtained one day prior to ramad...
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#2B. El-KebirH-Index: 1
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Introduction: During the month of Ramadan, fasting is obligatory for all healthy adult Muslims, with the only exempted adults being those who have to travel or are sick. The aim of this study was to see whether changes in food intake and meal patterns during Ramadan fasting could modify serum lipid and lipoprotein parameters in healthy Algerian young men and women volunteers. The time-course prospective study was done in order to investigate at what time eventual changes to these parameters occu...
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We designed this study to assess the effect of diet during Ramadan fasting on body weight and on serum lipid components in type 2 diabetic obese women. During Ramadan of 2005, 89 diabetic women receiving oral treatment (BMI = 33.20±3.01 kg m-2), aged 52 (±5 years), were selected. The study was carried out over 3 periods-, before (T1: pre-fasting), during (T2: fasting), and after (T3: post-fasting) Ramadan-in Sidi-bel-Abbes city. The daily food intake during the course of 3 days was recorded, and...
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