Match!

Body Mass Index Categories and Mortality Risk in US Adults: The Effect of Overweight and Obesity on Advancing Death

Published on Mar 1, 2014in American Journal of Public Health5.38
· DOI :10.2105/AJPH.2013.301597
Luisa N. Borrell44
Estimated H-index: 44
,
Lalitha Samuel5
Estimated H-index: 5
Abstract
Objectives. We examined the association of body mass index with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD)–specific mortality risks among US adults and calculated the rate advancement period by which death is advanced among the exposed groups.Methods. We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988–1994) linked to the National Death Index mortality file with follow-up to 2006 (n = 16 868). We used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate the rate of dying and rate advancement period for all-cause and CVD-specific mortality for overweight and obese adults relative to their normal-weight counterparts.Results. Compared with normal-weight adults, obese adults had at least 20% significantly higher rate of dying of all-cause or CVD. These rates advanced death by 3.7 years (grades II and III obesity) for all-cause mortality and between 1.6 (grade I obesity) and 5.0 years (grade III obesity) for CVD-specific mortality. The burden of obesity was greatest among adults aged ...
  • References (31)
  • Citations (71)
References31
Newest
#1Carolin Gellert (DKFZ: German Cancer Research Center)H-Index: 7
#2Ben Schoettker (DKFZ: German Cancer Research Center)H-Index: 38
Last.Hermann BrennerH-Index: 113
view all 6 authors...
#1Kevin R. Fontaine (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 41
#2Raymond O. McCubrey (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 6
Last.David B. Allison (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 112
view all 8 authors...
#1Maria Victoria Zunzunegui (UdeM: Université de Montréal)H-Index: 38
#2Maria Teresa Sanchez (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 1
Last.Ángel Otero Puime (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 26
view all 5 authors...
Cited By71
Newest
#1Sriram Sriperumbuduri (Ottawa Hospital)
#2Robert Dent (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 10
Last.Ayub Akbari (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 16
view all 8 authors...
#1Kengo Harato (Keio: Keio University)H-Index: 7
#2Mitsuru Yagi (Keio: Keio University)H-Index: 9
Last.Morio Matsumoto (Keio: Keio University)H-Index: 43
view all 9 authors...
#1Thaís da Silva Ferreira (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 4
#2Maria Inês Barreto Silva (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 8
Last.Márcia Regina Simas Torres Klein (UERJ: Rio de Janeiro State University)H-Index: 6
view all 10 authors...
View next paperBodyMassIndexCategoriesandMortalityRiskinUS Adults:TheEffectofOverweightandObesityonAdvancing Death