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Symptoms versus a diagnosis of depression: differences in psychosocial functioning.

Published on Jan 1, 1995in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology4.36
· DOI :10.1037/0022-006X.63.1.90
Ian H. Gotlib100
Estimated H-index: 100
(NU: Northwestern University),
Peter M. Lewinsohn99
Estimated H-index: 99
(Oregon Research Institute),
John R. Seeley80
Estimated H-index: 80
(Oregon Research Institute)
Abstract
In studies of clinical depression, individuals who demonstrate elevated levels of symptoms but do not meet interview-based diagnostic criteria are typically labeled as false positive and eliminated from further consideration. However, the implicit assumption that false-positive participants differ in important ways from true-positive (i.e., diagnosed) participants has not been tested systematically. This study compared the functioning of true-positive, false-positive, and true-negative adolescents on clinical and psychosocial functioning. Although the false-positive participants manifested higher levels occurrent and future psychopathology than did the true-negative participants, they did not differ significantly from the true-positive participants on most of the measures of psychosocial dysfunction. «False positive,» therefore, is not a benign condition
  • References (60)
  • Citations (460)
References60
Newest
#1Peter M. Lewinsohn (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 99
#2Robert Roberts (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 75
Last.Hyman Hops (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 56
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#1Judy A. Andrews (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 39
#2Peter M. Lewinsohn (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 99
Last.Robert Roberts (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 75
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#1Karel Vredenburg (IBM)H-Index: 6
#2Gordon L. Flett (York University)H-Index: 65
Last.Lester Krames (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 19
view all 3 authors...
#1Paul Rohde (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 69
#2Peter M. Lewinsohn (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 99
Last.John R. Seeley (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 80
view all 3 authors...
#1Robert Roberts (University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston)H-Index: 75
#2Peter M. Lewinsohn (University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston)H-Index: 99
Last.John R. Seeley (University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston)H-Index: 80
view all 3 authors...
Cited By460
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#1Xu Li (CCNU: Central China Normal University)
#2Yu-Ting Zhang (CCNU: Central China Normal University)
Last.Xiao-Jun Sun (CCNU: Central China Normal University)
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#1Vanessa Panaite (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 6
#2Peter Koval (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 20
Last.Peter Kuppens (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 38
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#1Kim Reising (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 1
#2David P. Farrington (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 117
Last.Jeremy W. Coid (Sichuan University)H-Index: 1
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#1Julianne M. Griffith (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
#2Christopher M. Crawford (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Last.Benjamin L. Hankin (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 49
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