Effect of Pioglitazone on Abdominal Fat Distribution and Insulin Sensitivity in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Published on Jun 1, 2002in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism5.605
· DOI :10.1210/jc.87.6.2784
We examined the effect of pioglitazone on abdominal fat distribution to elucidate the mechanisms via which pioglitazone improves insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thirteen type 2 diabetic patients (nine men and four women; age, 52 ± 3 yr; body mass index, 29.0 ± 1.1 kg/m2), who were being treated with a stable dose of sulfonylurea (n = 7) or with diet alone (n = 6), received pioglitazone (45 mg/d) for 16 wk. Before and after pioglitazone treatment, subjects underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and two-step euglycemic insulin clamp (insulin infusion rates, 40 and 160 mU/m2·min) with [3H]glucose. Abdominal fat distribution was evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging at L4–5. After 16 wk of pioglitazone treatment, fasting plasma glucose (179 ± 10 to 140 ± 10 mg/dl; P < 0.01), mean plasma glucose during OGTT (295 ± 13 to 233 ± 14 mg/dl; P < 0.01), and hemoglobin A1c (8.6 ± 0.4% to 7.2 ± 0.5%; P < 0.01) decreased without a change in fasting or post-OGTT insulin lev...