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Dependencia de la cocaína y trastornos de personalidad. Análisis de su relación en una muestra clínica
Abstract
Objective. The personality disorders in people with cocaine dependence are frequent and they interfere in the treatment of these per- sons. Few studies analyze this relationship in Spain. The present study aims to evaluate the pre- sence of personality disorders in persons with co- caine dependence that are in treatment in Centers of Drug Dependence in Galicia (Spain) and to know if there are differences among both groups, with and without personality disorders, in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, psychopatho- logy and drug consumption. Material and methods. We use the MCMI-II to analyze the probability of presence of personality
  • References (32)
  • Cited By (12)
1991 in American Journal of Psychiatry [IF: 14.18]
Edgar P. Nace5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Carlos W. Davis3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Joseph P. Gaspari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Objective: To assess the complex relationship between substance abuse and kpersonality disorders, the authors determined the prevalence of personality disorders in a group of middle-class substance abusers and compared the subjects who had personality disorders with those who did not
Ref 4Cited 174 Source Cite this paper
2006 in Adicciones
Josep Maria Guardiola1
Estimated H-index: 1
Drugs administered by pulmonary access are widespread in our society and the users are exposed to a significant variety of noxious effects from direct toxicity at the respiratory tract level. Studies carried out show a wide variety of histopathological lesions in marijuana smokers (mucous inflammation, cellular atypia, tissue metaplasy and often a serious displays). In addition, respiratory alterations have been described in habitual inhaled cocaine users and the resultant. cardiopulmonary sympt...
Ref 55Cited 16
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Kate E. Hamilton2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Calgary),
Keith S. Dobson43
Estimated H-index: 43
(University of Calgary)
Abstract This review examines the role of patient predictors of outcome in cognitive therapy of depression. Studies that meet eligibility criteria are reviewed for demonstrated linkage between various predictors (i.e., pretreatment severity, historical features, demographic predictors, dysfunctional attitudes and other cognitive features, and treatment acceptability) and outcome, and several effects are found. Notably, high pretreatment severity scores are associated with poorer response to cogn...
Ref 68Cited 6096
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Louise Nadeau11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Michel Landry7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Stéphane Racine1
Estimated H-index: 1
Cette etude a determine la prevalence des troubles de personnalite parmi les clients en traitement pour toxicomanie ; cette prevalence a ete comparee a celles constatees dans des etudes semblables et dans des echantillons cliniques de personnes souffrant d'autres troubles de l'axe I. Notre echantillon se composait de 255 sujets. La premiere edition de l'Inventaire clinique multiaxial de Millon (MCMI) a ete utilisee. Seulement 11,8 % des sujets n 'ont pas obtenu de resultat superieur a 84 a aucun...
Ref 25Cited 27 Source Cite this paper
J. J. Fernandez Miranda1
Estimated H-index: 1
There is a strong interest in the field of drug abuse about personality disorders (PD), due to their epidemiological importance, etiological role, influence on drug dependence prognosis and treatment possibilities. A large number of studies have shown that PD are very common among drug abusers, although in most of them it is not clear if some behaviour is related with PD or with drug dependence itself. That is why PD has been considered as artefacts linked to drug addiction by many authors. In f...
Cited 14
Richard J. Frances7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Sheldon I. Miller10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Avram H. Mack3
Estimated H-index: 3
Now in a revised and expanded third edition, this authoritative clinical reference and text presents state-of-the-science knowledge about all aspects of addictive disorders and their treatment. Leading researchers and practitioners describe best practices in assessment and diagnosis and provide the latest information on working with users of specific substances. Issues in working with particular populations--including culturally diverse patients, women, and older adults--are thoroughly addressed...
Cited 175
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E Sánchez Hervás1
Estimated H-index: 1
Pueden encontrarse en la bibliografia numerosos estudios sobre la asociacion entre el abuso de drogas y diferentes trastornos mentales. El significado de esta asociacion es motivo de discrepancias entre los que consideran que los trastornos mentales estan presentes antes de iniciarse el uso de drogas y, por tanto, los consideran como un factor de riesgo para desarrollar conductas de abuso de drogas; aquellos que opinan que el trastorno mental es una consecuencia de la adiccion, y los que conside...
Ref 40Cited 4
Source
2005 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence [IF: 3.22]
Frederick S. Stinson49
Estimated H-index: 49
(National Institutes of Health),
Bridget F. Grant95
Estimated H-index: 95
(National Institutes of Health),
Deborah A. Dawson64
Estimated H-index: 64
(National Institutes of Health)
... more
Abstract Background: To date, there have been no published data on 12-month comorbidity of DSM-IV alcohol and drug use disorders in the general U.S. population. The purposes of the present study were to examine the prevalence and comorbidity of alcohol and specific drug use disorders, and to identify sociodemographic and psychopathologic correlates and treatment seeking among three groups of respondents: (1) those with alcohol use disorders only; (2) those with drug use disorders only; (3) those...
Ref 38Cited 327
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  • References (32)
  • Cited By (12)
Emilio Sánchez-Hervás8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Roberto Secades-Villa20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Oviedo),
Francisco Zacarés Romaguera1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Valencia)
... more
Ref 24
El presente estudio trata de evaluar la psicopatologia y el perfi l caracteristico en policonsumidores de cocaina y alcohol (n=14), dependientes de alcohol (n=10) y dependientes de cocaina (n=11) que inician tratamiento ambulatorio. Se administraron un conjunto de pruebas: SCL-90-R, BDI, MCMI-III y la Escala de Impulsividad de Barrat. Los resultados muestran que los policonsumidores realizan una demanda de tratamiento mas temprana y llevan menos anos de consumo previo. Todos los grupos muestran ...
Ref 32
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José Miguel Martínez González1
Estimated H-index: 1
Se sabe que el tratamiento de pacientes con patologia dual debe hacerse desde un modelo integral que aborde simultaneamente la adiccion y la psicopatologia concomitante. El tratamiento de drogodependientes con trastornos de la personalidad ha sido objeto de muchas investigaciones a lo largo de los ultimos anos, gracias a las cuales hoy podemos disponer de algunas evidencias para llevar a cabo tratamientos efectivos. El articulo hace una revision de diversas investigaciones sobre el tratamiento d...
Ref 26Cited 3
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Esperanza Vergara-Moragues10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of La Rioja),
Francisco González-Saiz11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Óscar Lozano13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Huelva)
... more
The objective of this study is to explore the stability of personality dimensions in a selection of psychoactive substance abuse patients during treatment in therapeutic communities. The baseline assessment was conducted 15 to 20 days from the start of therapeutic community treatment, and the second assessment was conducted 3 months after admission. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III was used to assess personality dimensions. At 3 months, a reduction was observed in the mean severity s...
Ref 34Cited 11
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Emilio Sánchez-Hervás8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Roberto Secades-Villa20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Oviedo),
F Zacarés Romaguera1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Valencia)
... more
Resumen Objetivos Se presenta un estudio en el que se plantearon como objetivos el comprobar la viabilidad y la efectividad en nuestro medio de un programa de intervencion que ha ofrecido buenos resultados fuera de nuestro pais; el enfoque de refuerzo comunitario (CRA). Se valoraron las tasas de retencion y el consumo de cocaina, y se analizaron las variables que mejor predecian la retencion en el tratamiento a las doce semanas. Material y metodos La muestra del estudio estuvo compuesta por 41 p...
Ref 33Cited 7
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2009 in Adicciones
Iñaki Lorea9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Javier Fernández-Montalvo22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Universidad Pública de Navarra),
José Javier López-Goñi13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Universidad Pública de Navarra)
... more
En este articulo se lleva a cabo un estudio de los trastornos de personalidad asociados a la adiccion a la cocaina. Para ello se conto con una muestra de 60 pacientes cocainomanos, que cumplimentaron el MCMI-II antes del tratamiento, y de 50 sujetos de la poblacion normal con las mismas caracteristicas demograficas (edad, sexo y nivel socioeconomico). El 36,7% de la muestra clinica (frente al 16% de la muestra normativa) presentaba, al menos, un trastorno de personalidad. Los trastornos de mayor...
Ref 32Cited 15
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J.M. Martínez González1
Estimated H-index: 1
Resumen Nos encontramos ante un tipo complejo de patologia dual que se ha asociado historicamente con el fracaso terapeutico. Se sabe que las asunciones de algunos profesionales que han impedido que se profundice en las estrategias de intervencion se estan cuestionando a causa de los hallazgos de diferentes investigaciones. La intervencion psicologica con drogodependientes que presentan un trastorno de personalidad pasa por superar numerosos retos, entre los cuales encontramos: las dificultades ...
Ref 3Cited 2
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Forensic Psychiatry demand systematization and soundness of knowledge in performing their expertise to contribute to operators of Criminal Law the robustness which demand legal services. It is presented a retrospective, crosssectional and descriptive study linking mental state and biopsygenesis into victimizers of homicides during the period from 1990-2010 in the province of Villa Clara. Predominated the ages of young adults and middle-aged, no stable partner, unmarried, unrelated to the workfor...
Ref 9
Y F. J. Santonja1
Estimated H-index: 1
ABSTRACT. Objectives. We report a study thatexpounded as objectives to verify the viability andeffectiveness in our environment, of an interventionprogram that has worked well outside our country;the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA).Retention rates and consumption of cocaine wereevaluated. Variables that best predicted retention intreatment were analyzed at the twelve weeks. Materials and methods. The study sample wascomposed by 41 patients who were fulfilling criteriaof cocaine dependence...
Ref 25Cited 1