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Characterization of Israeli avian metapneumovirus strains in turkeys and chickens

Published on Jun 1, 2005in Avian Pathology1.961
· DOI :10.1080/03079450500112625
Caroline Banet-Noach14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Lubov Simanov9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Shimon Perk9
Estimated H-index: 9
Abstract
Although the disease associated with the avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) has been described in Israel for more than 20 years and one Israeli isolate was characterized as subtype A, this is the first study investigating the strains circulating in Israel (period 2002 to 2004). Viral RNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in 44% of the examined flocks, and one-half of the virus isolation attempts were successful. Characterization showed that 34 non-vaccinated turkey flocks had aMPV subtype B, three had aMPV subtype A and three remained undetermined. Sequence analysis of part of the attachment protein G gene (1161 base pairs) showed a relative homogeneity within the Israeli subtype B group, although they were different from the European and vaccine strains. Seven out of 10 vaccinated flocks were reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction-positive for aMPV, and sequence analysis of 239 base pairs of the G gene revealed that field strains and not vaccine strains were recovered fro...
  • References (32)
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References32
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#2Lubov SimanovH-Index: 9
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During a recent epizootic, losses due to West Nile virus (WNV) infection in young goose flocks were estimated to be far greater than expected if mosquito-borne transmission was the principal route of infection. Contact transmission was investigated experimentally as an alternative explanation. A group of 10, 3-week-old geesewere inoculated subcutaneously and placed in one insect-proof room with 20 geese of the same age. A group of10 geese were housed in an adjacent insect-proof room to serve as ...
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SUMMARY. The pathogenicity, transmissibility, tissue distribution, and persistence of avian pneumovirus (APV) in turkey poults were investigated in three experiments. In the first experiment, we inoculated 2-wk-old commercial turkey poults oculonasally with APV alone or in combination with Bordetella avium. In the dually infected group, clinical signs were more severe, the virus persisted longer, the bacteria invaded more respiratory tissues, and the birds had higher antibody titer than the grou...
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Avian pneumovirus (APV) is the cause of a respiratory disease of turkeys characterized by coughing, ocular and nasal discharge, and swelling of the infraorbital sinuses. Sixty turkey poults were reared in isolation conditions. At 3 weeks of age, serum samples were collected and determined to be free of antibodies against APV, avian influenza, hemorrhagic enteritis, Newcastle disease, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, Mycoplasma meleagridis, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, and Borde...
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