The toxicity of banded urea to corn growth and yield as influenced by triple superphosphate

Published on Feb 1, 1995in Canadian Journal of Soil Science0.949
· DOI :10.4141/cjss95-015
M. X. Fan1
Estimated H-index: 1
A. F. MacKenzie1
Estimated H-index: 1
Banding of urea in corn (Zea mays L.) production is restricted by toxic conditions from urea hydrolysis, but higher urea rates could reduce application cost. A growth chamber experiment and a field experiment were conducted to study toxicity of banded urea when applied with triple super-phosphate (TSP). In the growth chamber experiment, surface samples from a Ste. Rosalie clay (Humic Gleysol), a Chicot sandy clay loam (Grey-brown Podzol), and an Uplands sandy soil (Humo Ferric, Podzol), were used. The field experiment was conducted on a Ste. Rosalie clay, a St. Bernard loam (Eutric Brunisol), and a Chicot sandy clay loam soil. In the growth chamber experiment, banded urea increased soil pH to 7.2–7.5 at a distance of up to 4 cm from the fertilizer band, and NH3 concentrations were as high as 2.1 mM at 2 cm from the fertilizer band after 20 d. The high pH and NH3 concentrations from urea hydrolysis inhibited corn root and seedling growth. Banding TSP with urea reduced soil pH increases from urea hydrolysis...
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