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The post‐fledging survival of young Puffins Fratercula arctica in relation to hatching date and growth

Published on Apr 3, 2008in Ibis1.994
· DOI :10.1111/j.1474-919X.1985.tb05059.x
M. P. Harris1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
P. Rothery1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Observations effectuees dans deux colonies d'Ecosse (ile de May et St Kilda) (1973-79). Ni la date d'eclosion ni la croissance n'ont d'influence sur la survie des jeunes apres l'empennage
  • References (12)
  • Citations (56)
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References12
Newest
Summary The paper presents data on the breeding and predation of Puffins in two areas of different nest density within a single colony on Dun, St Kilda group, Outer Hebrides in 1973-78. Within a season birds laying early had a slightly higher nesting success than birds laying late, but laying date had little influence on the peak and fledging weights of young. The main disadvantage in late laying was a reduced chance of relaying if the first egg was lost. Breeding success and chick weights varie...
83 CitationsSource
The biology and survival of Puffins were studied in northeast Scotland. Puffins usually bred first when aged four or five years but returned for several seasons prior to this. Young birds were probably prevented from returning earlier in the season because they moult their primaries in the spring and early summer. As they got older, they came to the colony earlier in the year, displayed and tried to get a burrow. Younger immatures may summer in specific areas away from the colonies. Many immatur...
44 CitationsSource
#1Clare S. Lloyd (Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology)H-Index: 1
90 CitationsSource
Puffins are pelagic birds and there are few ringing recoveries. This survey of recoveries from the main ringing schemes indicates that different populations winter in different areas and that young and old birds are recovered at different times and in different ways.
14 CitationsSource
The effect of egg size and laying date on the fledging mass of Thick—Billed Murre chicks was examined at Cape Hay, Bylot Island, and Coburg Island, Northwest Territories, Canada, to test the idea that late—laying females face a trade—off between the time of egg laying and egg size. There was a seasonal decline in egg volume, and egg volume was correlated with mass and size (wing length) of chicks soon after hatching. Partial correlations showed that larger eggs hatch into heavier, but not larger...
149 CitationsSource
72 CitationsSource
SUMMARY (1) The paper reports on the results of giving wild young puffins on St Kilda and the Isle of May, Scotland, an additional 50 g of food per day and compares their growth with captive young given unlimited food, young fed by a single parent, and controls. (2) Young raised on unlimited food became much heavier than controls. Young given additional food were lighter but still attained significantly heavier weights than controls. These differences were less marked on the Isle of May than on ...
52 CitationsSource
#1J. ParsonsH-Index: 1
#2G. ChabrzykH-Index: 1
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Factors contributing to breeding success of puffins were studied on Great Island, Newfoundland, in 1968 and 1969. Puffin burrow density was negatively correlated with distance from the cliff edge and positively correlated with angle of slope. These correlations are biologically significant in that close to the cliff edge, where the angle of slope was steep, breeding success was significantly higher than on adjacent level habitat. In spring both habitats were occupied simultaneously, and nest—sit...
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Early survival is highly variable and strongly influences observed population growth rates in most vertebrate populations. One of the major potential drivers of survival variation among juveniles is body mass. Heavy juveniles are better fed and have greater body reserves, and are thus assumed to survive better than light individuals. In spite of this, some studies have failed to detect an influence of body mass on offspring survival, questioning whether offspring body mass does indeed consistent...
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Juvenile survival is an important demographic parameter. Southern Rockhopper Penguins Eudyptes chrysocome have undergone a dramatic population decline in the past century across their distribution, but the demographic processes are poorly understood. To estimate juvenile annual survival probabilities, Rockhopper Penguin chicks from two cohorts on New Island, Falkland Islands, were marked with transponders and recorded in subsequent years using an automated gateway. We first estimated annual surv...
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#1Terri J. Maness (La. Tech: Louisiana Tech University)H-Index: 5
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Abstract The survival probability of birds during the juvenile period, between the end of parental care and adulthood, is highly variable and has a major effect on population dynamics and parental fitness. As such, a large number of studies have attempted to evaluate potential predictors of juvenile survival in birds, especially predictors related to parental care. Lack’s hypothesis linking body reserves accumulated from parental care to the survival of naive juveniles has organized much of this...
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Identifying factors that influence growth throughout development is important for understanding the consequences of variation in resource quality on recruitment. Marbled Murrelets (Brachyramphus marmoratus (J.F. Gmelin, 1789)) are threatened seabirds that are extremely cryptic in their nesting behaviour, which makes it challenging to understand how ju- veniles allocate resources during development. From a single capture at sea, we analyzed stable carbon isotopes in feathers and blood of juvenile...
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Abstract. In long-lived species, juvenile survival and the age at which individuals begin the process of recruitment have important consequences for individual fitness and population growth. We investigated how characteristics of fledglings (mass, wing length, and date) influenced the local survival of juveniles and age at first return to the natal breeding colony of two annual cohorts of the Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata) at Triangle Island, British Columbia. Although both cohorts were pro...
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