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  • References (10)
  • Citations (88)
Published on Jan 1, 1962in Journal of Applied Psychology 5.07
J. Stacy Adams3
Estimated H-index: 3
(GE: General Electric),
William B. Rosenbaum1
Estimated H-index: 1
2 hypotheses derived from dissonance theory were tested: (a) when a person is paid by the hour his productivity will be greater when he perceives his pay as inequitably large than when identical pay is perceived as equitable, and (b) when a person is paid on a piecework basis his productivity will be less when he perceives his pay is inequitably large than when he perceives identical pay as being equitable. The first hypothesis was sustained (p < .05) in a laboratory experiment in which 11 male ...
Published on Jan 1, 1962
Jerome S. Bruner72
Estimated H-index: 72
(Harvard University),
Jacqueline J. Goodnow29
Estimated H-index: 29
George A. Austin2
Estimated H-index: 2
A Study of Thinking is a pioneering account of how human beings achieve a measure of rationality in spite of the constraints imposed by bias, limited attention and memory, and the risks of error imposed by pressures of time and ignorance. First published in 1956 and hailed at its appearance as a groundbreaking study, it is still read three decades later as a major contribution to our understanding of the mind. In their insightful new introduction, the authors relate the book to the cognitive rev...
Brock Tc5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Iowa State University),
Buss Ah3
Estimated H-index: 3
Published on Jan 24, 1961in Public Opinion Quarterly 3.31
Ewart E. Smith1
Estimated H-index: 1
New and unusual foods provide an opportunity for experimenting with attitude change. Here is a report of experiments conducted with Army personnel to test the effectiveness of dissonance in inducing changes in attitude. Ewart E. Smith has been engaged in military research for a number of years on questions involving group problem solving, acceptance of new leadership, survival training, and related subjects. He is currently Research Scientist on the staff of the Los Angeles Division of the Matri...
Published on Jan 1, 1959in Journal of Abnormal Psychology 5.52
Arthur R. Cohen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Herbert I. Terry1
Estimated H-index: 1
Charles B. Jones1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Dec 1, 1958in Journal of Personality 3.08
Judson Mills1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Stanford University)
Arthur R. Cohen13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Yale University),
Jack W. Brehm22
Estimated H-index: 22
William H. Fleming1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Jan 1, 1957
Leon Festinger43
Estimated H-index: 43
Cognitive dissonance theory links actions and attitudes. It holds that dissonance is experienced whenever one cognition that a person holds follows from the opposite of at least one other cognition that the person holds. The magnitude of dissonance is directly proportional to the number of discrepant cognitions and inversely proportional to the number of consonant cognitions that a person has. The relative weight of any discrepant or consonant element is a function of its Importance.
Cited By88
Published on May 7, 2016 in CHI (Human Factors in Computing Systems)
Nathan Hahn3
Estimated H-index: 3
Joseph Chee Chang4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsAniket Kittur8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
Crowdsourcing offers a powerful new paradigm for online work. However, real world tasks are often interdependent, requiring a big picture view of the difference pieces involved. Existing crowdsourcing approaches that support such tasks -- ranging from Wikipedia to flash teams -- are bottlenecked by relying on a small number of individuals to maintain the big picture. In this paper, we explore the idea that a computational system can scaffold an emerging interdependent, big picture view entirely ...
Published on Jan 1, 2013
Ming-jian Zhou (Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School), Hai-bo Pan (Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School)
Based on the self-justification theory, we argued the causal relationship between team task conflict and team creativity in two different paths—team learning behavior and team relationship conflict as two mediators. Furthermore, we proposed that team collectivism would moderate the two paths concurrently: high team collectivism would slightly weaken the path that team learning behavior as the mediator and significantly weaken the path that team relationship conflict as the mediator. In the end, ...
Published on Jan 1, 2013
Austin Sterling Cameron (BYU: Brigham Young University)
The Influence of Media on Himba Conceptions of Dress, Ancestral and Cattle Worship, and the Implications for Culture Change Austin Cameron Department of Communications, BYU Master of Arts For the Himba, deeply embedded cultural symbols—traditional daily way of life, traditional beliefs about the sacredness of cattle, and religious beliefs of ancestral worship—are of ancient origin and have been retained in their culture throughout all of recorded history. While they still exist in Himba society ...
Published on Dec 4, 2012
Isabel Correia14
Estimated H-index: 14
(ISCTE-IUL: ISCTE – University Institute of Lisbon)
Pretende-se com este artigo oferecer ao leitor uma revisao de literatura do que consideramos serem os principais desenvolvimentos teoricos e empiricos da Psicologia Social da Justica. Para esta sistematizacao partimos das correntes teoricas na investigacao da justica identificadas por Tyler, Boeckman, Smith, e Huo (1997): a privacao relativa, a justica distributiva, a justica procedimental, a justica retributiva, tendo nos acrescentado a justica reparadora (Braithwaite, 1999).
Published on Aug 1, 2011in International Journal of Production Economics 5.00
Paul Hong27
Estimated H-index: 27
(College of Business Administration),
William J. Doll35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UT: University of Toledo)
+ 1 AuthorsAbraham Y. Nahm12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UWEC: University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire)
While product strategy has been approached from a variety of perspectives, the role of strategic fit as a critical linkage of knowledge sharing practices and new product development outcomes have not been adequately explored. This paper discusses how strategic fit is instrumental for cross-functional teams to integrate product development outcomes. This paper identifies critical knowledge sharing components that enhances the extent of strategic fit that in turn improves the success of product de...
Published on Mar 1, 2011in European Review of Social Psychology 4.50
Jared B. Kenworthy20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UTA: University of Texas at Arlington),
Norman Miller41
Estimated H-index: 41
(SC: University of Southern California)
+ 2 AuthorsMitchell Earleywine30
Estimated H-index: 30
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
In a trans-paradigm theoretical synthesis of cognitive dissonance research, we examined theoretical variables (e.g., choice, consequences, etc.) and their relationships with dissonance effect sizes. We used structural equation analyses, performed within and across five research paradigms (induced compliance, insufficient justification, disconfirmed expectancies, selective exposure, and free choice), and corresponding to major versions of cognitive dissonance theory, to test several theoretically...
Published on Jan 1, 2011
This study explores how metaphors deployed in university mission statements demonstrate the sensemaking process of organizational reality. One hundred thirty-two mission statements collected across the University of North Carolina system comprise the textual source of analysis for this study. Austin and Searle's speech act theory is employed to intertextually identify metaphors, which are then analyzed in line with Weick's framework of sensemaking. The elements of the sensemaking process are evi...
Published on Jan 1, 2010
Woo-Sik Danny Choi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)
The purpose of this study is to identify, measure, and compare the effects of Hofstede's cultural factors on escalation of commitment for the hotel and restaurant managers between the U.S. and China. First, the effect of cultural factors on escalation of commitment was measured through antecedents. Second, the first effect of antecedents on escalation of commitment was measured through agency and negative framing effects. The concept will be explained in terms of agency theory, escalation of com...