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Dietary Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Stroke Mortality: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

Published on Dec 20, 2012in PLOS ONE 2.77
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0052182
Jingyao Fan3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Peking Union Medical College),
Yiqing Song3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Peking University)
+ 2 AuthorsWeili Zhang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Peking Union Medical College)
Abstract
Background The relationship between dietary glycemic index, glycemic load and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and stroke-related mortality is inconsistent.
  • References (46)
  • Citations (74)
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References46
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2012in Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 3.32
Paola Pierucci3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Bari),
Giovanni Misciagna19
Estimated H-index: 19
+ 6 AuthorsCarlo Sabbà33
Estimated H-index: 33
(University of Bari)
Abstract Background and aim We evaluated the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in a population of Southern Italy and the relationship of dietary macronutrients with incident MI. Methods and results The ONCONUT cohort included 5632 subjects followed-up, over 50 years, recruited in 1992. At baseline, they completed a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and gave details of their medical history. After 5years they were traced by their family physician, who found 108 incide...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2012in American Journal of Cardiology 3.17
Jia-Yi Dong10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Soochow University (Suzhou)),
Yonghong Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Soochow University (Suzhou))
+ 1 AuthorsLi-Qiang Qin23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Soochow University (Suzhou))
A high glycemic diet may increase cardiovascular risk, yet whether the risk differs by gender or adiposity is inconclusive. Our goal was to determine the associations between dietary glycemic load (GL) and glycemic index (GI), and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk by conducting a meta-analysis of prospective studies. We searched the PubMed and Embase databases in July 2011 to identify eligible studies. The random-effects model was used to calculate pooled relative risks (RRs) comparing the highe...
74 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 5, 2011in PLOS ONE 2.77
Koert N.J. Burger34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Utrecht University),
Joline W.J. Beulens48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Utrecht University)
+ 2 AuthorsDaphne L. van der A41
Estimated H-index: 41
Background The associations of glycemic load (GL) and glycemic index (GI) with the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are not well-established, particularly in men, and may be modified by gender. Objective To assess whether high dietary GL and GI increase the risk of CVD in men and women. Methods A large prospective cohort study (EPIC-MORGEN) was conducted within the general Dutch population among 8,855 men and 10,753 women, aged 21–64 years at baseline (1993–1997) and free of diabetes and CV...
49 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2011in Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 3.32
Jaakko Mursu31
Estimated H-index: 31
,
Jyrki K. Virtanen28
Estimated H-index: 28
+ 5 AuthorsSari Voutilainen40
Estimated H-index: 40
Background and aim: The role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) in coronary heart disease (CHD) is unclear. Our aim was to study the association between the dietary GI and GL and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods and results: The study population consisted of 1981 Finnish men from the prospective population-based Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor (KIHD) Study, aged 42e60 years and free of CHD at baseline. During an average follow-up time of 16.1 y...
27 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011in Public Health Nutrition 2.48
Katrine Grau9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Copenhagen University Hospital),
Inge Tetens37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Technical University of Denmark)
+ 1 AuthorsBerit L Heitman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Copenhagen University Hospital)
19 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2010in Metabolism-clinical and Experimental 5.96
Shino Oba16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Gifu University),
Chisato Nagata46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Gifu University)
+ 4 AuthorsHiroyuki Shimizu48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Gifu University)
Abstract We assessed the relationship of the dietary glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and intake of carbohydrate and rice, and risk of mortality from stroke and its subtypes. The cohort consisted of 12 561 men and 15 301 women residing in Takayama, Japan, in 1992. At the baseline, a food frequency questionnaire was administered; and the dietary GI, GL, and intake of carbohydrates and rice were estimated. Deaths from stroke occurring in the cohort were prospectively noted until 1999 with ...
56 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2010in Annals of Epidemiology 2.80
Dale S. Hardy4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Texas at Austin),
Deanna M. Hoelscher31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Texas at Austin)
+ 4 AuthorsEric Boerwinkle139
Estimated H-index: 139
(University of Texas at Austin)
Purpose In this study we examined whether high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) in Whites and African Americans with and without type 2 diabetes. Methods Data on 13,051 patients ages 45 to 64 years from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study were analyzed. The ARIC food frequency questionnaire baseline data provided GI and GL indices. A propensity score was created to estimate the effect of a pat...
28 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 12, 2010in JAMA Internal Medicine 19.99
Sabina Sieri59
Estimated H-index: 59
,
V. Krogh77
Estimated H-index: 77
+ 15 AuthorsCarlotta Sacerdote78
Estimated H-index: 78
(University of Turin)
Background Dietary glycemic load (GL) and glycemic index (GI) in relation to cardiovascular disease have been investigated in a few prospective studies with inconsistent results, particularly in men. The present EPICOR study investigated the association of GI and GL with coronary heart disease (CHD) in a large and heterogeneous cohort of Italian men and women originally recruited to the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Methods We studied 47 749 volunteers (15 1...
100 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2010in British Journal of Nutrition 3.66
Emily B. Levitan37
Estimated H-index: 37
(University of Alabama at Birmingham),
Murray A. Mlttleman86
Estimated H-index: 86
(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center),
Alicja Wolk110
Estimated H-index: 110
(Karolinska Institutet)
Glycaemic index (GI), the relative increase in blood glucose due to carbohydrate in a test food compared to a reference food, was initially developed as a meal planning tool for people with diabetes mellitus (1). More recently, there have been experimental and observational studies examining whether carbohydrate quality influences the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Randomized diet trials have demonstrated that diets with reduced GI or glycaemic load (GL), the product of GI and carbohydrate con...
20 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2009in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2.95
Emily B. Levitan37
Estimated H-index: 37
,
Murray A. Mlttleman86
Estimated H-index: 86
,
Alicja Wolk110
Estimated H-index: 110
Dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load and mortality among men with established cardiovascular disease
15 Citations Source Cite
Cited By74
Newest
Published on May 7, 2019in PLOS ONE 2.77
Maryam Hashemian1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Tehran University of Medical Sciences),
Gwen Murphy17
Estimated H-index: 17
(National Institutes of Health)
+ 4 AuthorsChristian C. Abnet62
Estimated H-index: 62
(National Institutes of Health)
Background Potato consumption has been hypothesized to be associated with higher risk of hypertension, diabetes, and colorectal cancer. Objective The aim of this study was to examine the association between potato consumption and the risk of overall and cause specific mortality in the large prospective National Institutes of Health–AARP (NIH-AARP) Study. Design The NIH-AARP study recruited 566,407 persons, aged 50–72 years in 1995–1996. We excluded subjects that reported a history of chronic dis...
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Published on May 1, 2019in Journal of Nutrition 4.40
Daniel Boateng7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology),
Cecilia Galbete7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 14 AuthorsFrank P. Mockenhaupt34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Charité)
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Published on Mar 15, 2019in Circulation Research 15.21
Sebastian Brandhorst12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Southern California),
Valter D. Longo51
Estimated H-index: 51
(University of Southern California)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in many developed countries and remains one of the major diseases strongly affected by the diet. Nutrition can affect CVD directly by cont...
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Geoffrey Livesey24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Helen Livesey1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Objective To clarify the role of dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index (GI), and glycemic load (GL) in progression from health to coronary heart disease (CHD) by determining disease-nutrient risk relation (RR) values needed for intake ranges within jurisdictions and across the globe. Methods We performed a literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE for prospective cohort studies that used truly valid dietary instruments in heathy adults published from January 1, 2000, to June 5, 2018. Relev...
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Published on Feb 1, 2019in The Lancet 53.25
Andrew N. Reynolds4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Otago),
Jim Mann65
Estimated H-index: 65
+ 3 AuthorsLisa Te Morenga9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Otago)
Summary Background Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses explaining the relationship between carbohydrate quality and health have usually examined a single marker and a limited number of clinical outcomes. We aimed to more precisely quantify the predictive potential of several markers, to determine which markers are most useful, and to establish an evidence base for quantitative recommendations for intakes of dietary fibre. Methods We did a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses ...
27 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 13, 2019in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 6.20
Manije Darooghegi Mofrad2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Tehran University of Medical Sciences),
Alireza Milajerdi5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsLeila Azadbakht42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Isfahan University of Medical Sciences)
AbstractA systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies was conducted to examine the association of potato consumption and risk of all-cause, cancer and cardiovascular mortality in adults. We searched PubMed, Scopus databases up to September 2018 for all relevant published papers. All analyses were performed on HRs or RRs and 95% CIs. In twenty prospective studies, 25,208 cases were reported for all-cause mortality, 4877 for cancer mortality and 2366 for CVD mortality. No sig...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2019in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2.95
Andreea Zurbau5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Toronto),
Alexandra L. Jenkins41
Estimated H-index: 41
(St. Michael's Hospital)
+ 6 AuthorsVladimir Vuksan50
Estimated H-index: 50
Dietary carbohydrate quality and quantity fluctuate but it is unknown which attribute takes precedence in vascular health preservation. We investigated all four permutations of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on acute vascular and glycemic responses. Twenty-one healthy adults were screened for this crossover trial. Seventeen (8 M:9 F; 26.7 ± 12.3 y; BMI 22.2 ± 2.8 kg/m2) entered randomization and completed the study, receiving four isocaloric meals, varying in GI and GL, in random ord...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Clinical nutrition ESPEN
Vittorio Emanuele Bianchi2
Estimated H-index: 2
Summary Background Chronic inflammation is a process sustained by the augmentation of circulating cytokines level and C-reactive protein (CRP). Adipocytes and adipose tissue infiltration with inflammatory cells, are an important source of adipokines production, and their expansion due to overnutrition is responsible for increased in inflammation. The reduction of body fat following both controlled diets or gastric surgery can be favorable in the reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Methods A...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Journal of the American College of Cardiology 16.83
Edward Yu8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Harvard University),
Vasanti S. Malik34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Harvard University),
Frank B. Hu202
Estimated H-index: 202
Abstract Reduction in excess calories and improvement in dietary composition may prevent many primary and secondary cardiovascular events. Current guidelines recommend diets high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and legumes; moderate in low-fat dairy and seafood; and low in processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, refined grains, and sodium. Supplementation can be useful for some people but cannot replace a good diet. Factors that influence individuals to consume a low-quality diet ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 3.04
Makoto Kinoshita1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Toray Industries),
Koutaro Yokote35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Chiba University)
+ 29 AuthorsTomonori Okamura48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Keio University)
43 Citations Source Cite