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Nurturing life-science knowledge discovery: managing multi-organisation networks

Published on Mar 1, 2013in Production Planning & Control3.34
· DOI :10.1080/09537287.2011.647873
Larry M. Dooley19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UCC: University College Cork),
David Kirk2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Dund.: University of Dundee),
Kevin Philpott2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UCC: University College Cork)
Abstract
Advancement of knowledge is the seed of the innovation process. As innovations have become more complex, organisations are driven by an increased need to collaborate in order to combine specialist capabilities to meet emerging market needs. The life sciences are one sector where collaborative innovation is highly evident. This article examines the phenomenon of knowledge-generating networks within the life sciences. The study explores the drivers of collaborative endeavours and investigates how knowledge networks linking the capabilities of public research centres and commercially focused pharmaceutical organisations can be managed to deliver the required synergistic benefits for partnering organisations. Three case studies of functioning university–industry knowledge networks are analysed and a model reflecting their network's life-cycle phases is presented. The discussion identifies the specific challenge posed at each of the network's development stages, together with the management process required to...
  • References (49)
  • Citations (4)
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#1Paul W. BeamishH-Index: 64
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324 Citations
#1Sheng Wang (UNLV: University of Nevada, Las Vegas)H-Index: 12
#2Raymond A. Noe (Max M. Fisher College of Business)H-Index: 43
Abstract The success of knowledge management initiatives depends on knowledge sharing. This paper reviews qualitative and quantitative studies of individual-level knowledge sharing. Based on the literature review we developed a framework for understanding knowledge sharing research. The framework identifies five areas of emphasis of knowledge sharing research: organizational context, interpersonal and team characteristics, cultural characteristics, individual characteristics, and motivational fa...
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The problem and the solution. A focus on collective, as opposed to individual learning, points to the social network component of learning. Collective learning is fundamentally concerned with social interaction and the development of relational synergies.A key challenge to understanding social interaction is the influence of trust. Trust is important for social capital development and thus for collective learning.This article addresses a significant gap in the literature by reviewing the literat...
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#1Keith G. Provan (UA: University of Arizona)H-Index: 39
#2Patrick Kenis (Tilburg University)H-Index: 20
This article examines the governance of organizational networks and the impact of governance on network effectiveness. Three basic models, or forms, of network governance are developed focusing on their distinct structural properties. Propositions are formulated examining conditions for the effectiveness of each form. The tensions inherent in each form are then discussed, followed by the role that management may play in addressing these tensions. Finally, the evolution of governance is explored.
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#1Jerker MoodyssonH-Index: 18
Popular Abstract in Swedish Tva observationer tjanar som utgangspunkt for denna avhandling: (1) globaliseringens allt snabbare och mer eller mindre granslosa flode av information har medfort okad press pa foretag och organisationer, liksom stater och regioner, att standigt fornya sig for att kunna behalla sin konkurrenskraft. (2) kunskapsintensiv industri tenderar att samlas i geografisk narhet till relaterad verksamhet, ofta i direkt anslutning till universitet och andra forskningsinstitutioner...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop and clarify a central concept of knowledge management, tacit knowledge.Design/methodology/approach – The paper investigates the philosophical roots of the concept of tacit knowledge and compares its core elements with current uses of the concept in contemporary knowledge management research. Different interpretations of the concept are identified, analyzed and clarified. A more explanatory and useful interpretation is developed and applied to cur...
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#1Sarah Jack (Lancaster University)H-Index: 27
abstract A characteristic of studies seeking to explain the structure and operation of networks is the use of Granovetter's strong and weak tie hypothesis. Whilst this hypothesis has become an established paradigm, questions and disagreements arise over its applicability at demonstrating the real use and value of each tie. This study extends the work of Granovetter. Using a qualitative ethnographic approach to explore in‐depth the networking activities of fourteen respondents, it aims to enhance...
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#1Daniel Z. Levin (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 16
#2Rob Cross (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 30
Research has demonstrated that relationships are critical to knowledge creation and transfer, yet findings have been mixed regarding the importance of relational and structural characteristics of social capital for the receipt of tacit and explicit knowledge. We propose and test a model of two-party (dyadic) knowledge exchange, with strong support in each of the three companies surveyed. First, the link between strong ties and receipt of useful knowledge (as reported by the knowledge seeker) was...
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#1Harald Bathelt (University of Marburg)H-Index: 30
#2Andersand Malmberg (Uppsala University)H-Index: 1
Last. Peter Maskell (CBS: Copenhagen Business School)H-Index: 27
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The paper is concerned with spatial clustering of economic activity and its relation to the spatiality of knowledge creation in various sorts of interactive learning processes. It questions the merit of the prevailing explanatory model where the realm of tacit knowledge transfer is confined to local milieus whereas codified knowledge may roam the globe almost frictionless. When doing so the paper highlights the conditions under which both tacit and codified knowledge can be exchanged locally and...
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BACKGROUND: Public research organizations and their interactions with industry partners play a crucial role for public health and access to medicines. The development and commercialization of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines illustrate how licensing practices of public research organizations can contribute to high prices of the resulting product and affect accessibility to vulnerable populations. Efforts by the international community to improve access to medicines have recognised this is...
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