Match!

A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom

Published on Aug 1, 2014in The American Economic Review4.10
· DOI :10.1257/aer.104.8.2567
Robert W. Fairlie40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Florian Hoffmann5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Philip Oreopoulos37
Estimated H-index: 37
(U of T: University of Toronto)
View in Source
Abstract
This paper uses detailed administrative data from one of the largest community colleges in the United States to quantify the extent to which academic performance depends on students being of similar race or ethnicity to their instructors. To address the concern of endogenous sorting, we use both student and classroom fixed effects and focus on those with limited course enrolment options. We also compare sensitivity in the results from using within versus across section instructor type variation. Given the computational complexity of the 2-way fixed effects model with a large set of fixed effects we rely on numerical algorithms that exploit the particular structure of the model's normal equations. We find that the performance gap in terms of class dropout and pass rates between white and minority students falls by roughly half when taught by a minority instructor. In models that allow for a full set of ethnic and racial interactions between students and instructors, we find African-American students perform particularly better when taught by African-American instructors.
Figures & Tables
  • References (43)
  • Citations (62)
References43
Newest
1,007 CitationsSource
#1Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 36
#2Nathan WoznyH-Index: 8
21 CitationsSource
#1Peter Arcidiacono (Duke University)H-Index: 23
#2Esteban M. Aucejo (Duke University)H-Index: 9
Last.Kenneth I. Spenner (Duke University)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
54 CitationsSource
3 Citations
11 Citations
#1Victor Lavy (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 35
#2Analia SchlosserH-Index: 12
25 CitationsSource
#1Scott E. Carrell (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 16
#2Marianne E. Page (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 21
Last.James E. West (USAFA: United States Air Force Academy)H-Index: 13
view all 3 authors...
212 CitationsSource
77 CitationsSource
#1Sean F. Reardon (Stanford University)H-Index: 34
#2Claudia Galindo (UMBC: University of Maryland, Baltimore County)H-Index: 13
256 CitationsSource
#1David S. Lee (Princeton University)H-Index: 25
432 CitationsSource
Cited By62
Newest
#1Jan Feld (Victoria University of Wellington)H-Index: 4
#2Nicolas SalamancaH-Index: 3
Last.Ulf Zölitz (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 5
view all 3 authors...
Source
Source
#1Jasmín D. Llamas (Santa Clara University)H-Index: 3
#2Khoa Nguyen (Santa Clara University)
Last.Alisia T. Tran (ASU: Arizona State University)
view all 3 authors...
Source
Source
#1Dominique J. Baker (SMU: Southern Methodist University)H-Index: 2
#2Benjamin T. Skinner (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 2
Last.Christopher Redding (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Lindy S. Hern (UH Hilo: University of Hawaii at Hilo)H-Index: 1
#2Remi McKay (UH Hilo: University of Hawaii at Hilo)
Last.Susan G. Brown (UH Hilo: University of Hawaii at Hilo)H-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Michael A. Gottfried (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 13
#2J. Jacob Kirksey (UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)H-Index: 2
Last.Adam Wright (WWU: Western Washington University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Joseph Vecci (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 3
#2Tomáš Želinský (Charles University in Prague)
Source
#1Amanda Bayer (Swarthmore College)H-Index: 4
#2David W. Wilcox (Federal Reserve System)H-Index: 21
Source
4 CitationsSource
View next paperTeachers, Race and Student Achievement in a Randomized Experiment