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Effect of online social networking on student academic performance

Published on Nov 1, 2012in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
· DOI :10.1016/j.chb.2012.06.016
Jomon Aliyas Paul13
Estimated H-index: 13
(KSU: Kennesaw State University),
Hope M. Baker3
Estimated H-index: 3
(KSU: Kennesaw State University),
Justin D. Cochran3
Estimated H-index: 3
(KSU: Kennesaw State University)
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Abstract
Online social networks (OSNs) have permeated all generations of Internet users, becoming a prominent communications tool, particularly in the student community. Thus, academic institutions and faculty are increasingly using social networking sites, such as Facebook and LinkedIn, to connect with current and potential students and to deliver instructional content. This has led to a rise in questions about the impact of OSN on academic performance and the possibility of using it as an effective teaching tool. To learn more about the impact on academic performance, we conducted a survey of business students at a large state university. Survey results were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The results revealed a statistically significant negative relationship between time spent by students on OSN and their academic performance. The time spent on OSN was found to be heavily influenced by the attention span of the students. Specifically, we determined that the higher the attention span, the lower is the time spent on OSN. Further, attention span was found to be highly correlated with characteristics that predict or influence student behavior, such as their perceptions about society's view of social networking, their likes and dislikes of OSN, ease of use of OSN, etc.
  • References (20)
  • Citations (141)
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References20
Newest
Published on Mar 1, 2012in Quantitative Finance 1.36
Bin Lu5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Nanjing University of Finance and Economics),
Xin-Yuan Song26
Estimated H-index: 26
(CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong),
Xindan Li4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NU: Nanjing University)
Structural equation models (SEMs) have been widely used to determine the relationships among certain observed and latent variables in behavioral finance. The purpose of this paper is to develop a Bayesian approach for analysing multi-group nonlinear SEMs. Using recently developed tools in statistical computing, such as the Gibbs sampler, we propose an efficient method to estimate parameters and select an appropriate model. The proposed method is used to investigate the relationships among all id...
Published on May 1, 2011in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Bu Zhong7
Estimated H-index: 7
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Marie Hardin16
Estimated H-index: 16
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Tao Sun1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UVM: University of Vermont)
Social network sites (SNS) have become an important social milieu that enables interpersonal communication by allowing users to share and create information. This study explored the associations between SNS use and personality traits, i.e., need for cognition (NFC) and information and communication technology (ICT) innovativeness. The findings showed that the SNS use had a negative association with NFC and a positive association with ICT innovativeness. Specifically, people who were more likely ...
Published on Nov 1, 2010in Computers in Human Behavior 4.31
Paul A. Kirschner64
Estimated H-index: 64
(OU: Open University),
Aryn C. Karpinski3
Estimated H-index: 3
(OSU: Ohio State University)
There is much talk of a change in modern youth - often referred to as digital natives or Homo Zappiens - with respect to their ability to simultaneously process multiple channels of information. In other words, kids today can multitask. Unfortunately for proponents of this position, there is much empirical documentation concerning the negative effects of attempting to simultaneously process different streams of information showing that such behavior leads to both increased study time to achieve ...
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Current Attention Disorders Reports
George J. DuPaul51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Lehigh University),
Robert J. Volpe24
Estimated H-index: 24
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at higher than average risk for academic achievement difficulties and learning disabilities (LDs). Several decades of research indicate that about 27% to 31% of students with ADHD also have LDs, although estimates vary widely depending on the criteria used to define LDs. Recent studies have demonstrated that 1) the association between ADHD and achievement difficulties is driven more by inattentive than hyperactive-impulsive sympto...
Published on May 26, 2009
Andreas Buehn16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Friedrich Schneider58
Estimated H-index: 58
(Johannes Kepler University of Linz)
The relationship between corruption and the shadow economy is not clear. Theoretically, they either substitute or complement each other – exhibiting either a negative or positive relationship. This paper – using a structural equation model with two latent variables – extracts information on various dimensions of corruption and the shadow economy to contribute to the debate on their relationship. It presents empirical evidence of a positive relationship between the shadow economy and corruption. ...
Published on Jun 5, 2007in Teaching of Psychology 0.98
Karen Wilson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SLU: Saint Louis University),
James H. Korn10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SLU: Saint Louis University)
Many authors claim that students' attention declines approximately 10 to 15 min into lectures. To evaluate this claim, we reviewed several types of studies including studies of student note taking, observations of students during lectures, and self-reports of student attention, as well as studies using physiological measures of attention. We found that the research on which this estimate is based provides little support for the belief that students' attention declines after 10 to 15 min. Most st...
Published on Sep 1, 2004in The American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 1.74
Sujit S. Sansgiry12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Aniket A. Kawatkar1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsMonali J. Bhosle13
Estimated H-index: 13
Objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate factors that may affect the academic performance of pharmacy students at 2 universities with different student enrollments. Methods. Previously validated questionnaires were administered to students enrolled in the first 3 years of the PharmD curricula at the University of Houston and Howard University. The survey instrument measured constructs such as academic competency, test competency, time management, and study strategies. Demographic ...
Cited By141
Newest
Published on Apr 24, 2019in Education and Information Technologies
Tenzin Doleck7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Susanne P. Lajoie23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Paul Bazelais5
Estimated H-index: 5
The effects of social networking sites (SNS) use are especially significant for students, as they tend to be the most frequent and heavy users of such platforms. In this stream of work, prior research has documented the links between SNS use and academic performance; however, surprisingly, empirical evidence is inconclusive. Whereas previous research has largely tended to adopt a common perspective that examines the direct link between SNS use and academic performance, an alternative perspective...
Hatice Yildiz Durak2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Bartın University)
The objective of this study is to construct a model which explains and predicts the relations of university students’ cyberloafing behaviors with demographic and academic variables at computing cou...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Journal of Business Research 4.03
Reyes Gonzalez14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Alicante),
José L. Gascó16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Alicante),
Juan Llopis21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Alicante)
Abstract Immersed, educated, and raised amid technology, the new student generation is formed by digital natives. The use of online social networks (OSNs) has soared in recent years, and students are among those who have adopted them more enthusiastically. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze how students' academic life is shaped by the use of such networks. After providing a review of the literature on OSNs and their influence on students, this study presents the results of a survey that prove...
Rafi Alnjadat (UOS: University of Sharjah), Malek Mutee Hmaidi (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)+ 2 AuthorsAhmed Hasswan (UOS: University of Sharjah)
Abstract Objective Social media usage is considered one of the most common activities among university students that could impact their daily lives. There is a great variation of the level of this impact depending on gender and some other factors. The impact of social media usage on academic performance is not known. This study aims to evaluate gender differences amongst students at the University of Sharjah (UoS) for predicting the impact of social media usage on their academic performance. Met...
Published on Jan 9, 2018in Convergence
Shun Xu (CCNU: Central China Normal University), Harrison Hao Yang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(State University of New York at Oswego)
+ 1 AuthorsSha Zhu3
Estimated H-index: 3
The global emergence of new media and social change have drawn attention to the topic of digital citizenship. Previous literature has examined individuals’ digital citizenship with some determinants of technology use. However, individuals’ level of social media competence (SMC) has not yet been examined in relation to digital citizenship. To increase knowledge of the ingredients that may be important for education programs to improve individuals’ digital citizenship, this study examined SMC and ...
Published on Jul 16, 2019in The Journal of International Communication
Maja Šerić8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Valencia)
ABSTRACTThis study examines how college students perceive social media as a mean for learning and teaching and whether its use is associated with different variables that reflect both student and t...
Published on Jul 2, 2019in Psychological Reports 1.02
Sarah Myruski2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CUNY: City University of New York),
Jean M. Quintero2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Columbia University)
+ 1 AuthorsTracy A. Dennis-Tiwary4
Estimated H-index: 4
(CUNY: City University of New York)
Despite the pervasive use of computer-mediated communication, relatively little is known about its implications for emotional adjustment. Recent studies suggest that a preference for computer-media...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Academic Radiology 2.27
Joshua P. Nickerson (OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)
Social media has become integrated into the lives of millions of people, but it has only recently been explored as a potential teaching tool. There is a body of literature to suggest that today's learners desire use of these interactive platforms for learning and that they result in higher degrees of student satisfaction, although it is not yet clear that a greater degree of knowledge transfer or retention is achieved. There are barriers to implementation in a curriculum, but as we learn to over...
Published on May 4, 2019in Behaviour & Information Technology 1.43
Hui-Min Lai3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CTU: Chienkuo Technology University),
Pi-Jung Hsieh (CNU: Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science), Ren-Cheng Zhang (Dhurakij Pundit University)
ABSTRACTAdolescence is marked by many changes, and adolescents seek peer support to compensate for the concomitant psychological and social challenges they face. In this respect, Facebook has becom...