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Quantification of physiological, movement, and technical outputs during a novel small-sided game in young team sport athletes.

Published on Oct 1, 2013in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research3.017
· DOI :10.1519/JSC.0B013E318280C98D
Craig B. Harrison5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Nicholas D. Gill33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 1 AuthorsAndrew E. Kilding26
Estimated H-index: 26
Abstract
The aim of this study was to quantify the physiological responses, time-motion characteristics, and technical executions associated with a novel non-sport�specific small-sided game (SSG) in young team sport players. On 6 separate occasions, 12 young male team sport athletes (mean ± SD: age, 13.0 ± 0.3 years; height, 157.4 ± 4.9 cm; body mass, 47.0 ± 5.0 kg; and V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak, 55.1 ± 4.6 ml·kg-1·min-1) completed various �bucketball� SSG formats (i.e., 3 vs. 3, 4 vs. 4, and 6 vs. 6) twice each. Heart rate (HR) was measured during each SSG at 5-second intervals. Time-motion characteristics were measured using global positioning systems. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) were recorded immediately after the SSGs using the Borg scale (RPEs, 6�20). Technical skill executions were measured using a high-speed digital video camera. Analysis revealed a tendency for the 3 vs. 3 games to elicit higher HRs (88.3 ± 4.3) than either 4 vs. 4 (85.9 ± 4.9) or 6 vs. 6 formats (85.9 ± 3.2). Total distance traveled at 13�17.9 km·h-1 was more during 6 vs. 6 than 3 vs. 3 games (very likely substantial true difference, 97%), and total possessions and number of catches, passes, and shots were all higher in 3 vs. 3 compared with 4 vs. 4 and 6 vs. 6 games. There was no difference in RPE between the game formats. The results of this study indicate that 3 vs. 3 non-sport�specific SSGs provide higher stimulus for aerobic fitness adaptation and technical improvement than 4 vs. 4 and 6 vs. 6 formats, and their use for training young team sport athletes is recommended.
  • References (34)
  • Citations (6)
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References34
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Gabbett, TJ, Jenkins, DG, and Abernethy, B. Influence of wrestling on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games. J Strength Cond Res 26(1): 113-120, 2012-This study investigated the influence of wrestling on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games. Twenty-eight elite rugby league players ([mean +/- SE] age, 21.6 +/- 0.5 years) participated in this within-subject crossover study. On day 1, 14 players played 2, 8-minute small-sided games, whereas the remaining 14 pl...
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da Silva, CD, Impellizzeri, FM, Natali, AJ, de Lima, JRP, Bara-Filho, MG, Silami-Garc xia, E, and Marins, JCB. Exercise intensity and technical demands of small-sided games in young Brazilian soccer players: effect of number of players, maturation, and reliability. J Strength Cond Res 25(10): 2746–2751, 2011— The aims of this study were to examine in young soccer players (a) the effect of varying the number of players on exercise intensity (EI) and technical actions during small-sided games (SSG...
44 CitationsSource
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of the number of ball touches authorized per possession on the physical demands, technical performances and physiological responses throughout the bouts within 4 vs. 4 soccer small-sided games (SSGs). Methods: Twenty international soccer players (27.4 ± 1.5 y, 180.6 ± 2.3 cm, 79.2 ± 4.2 kg, body fat 12.7 ± 1.2%) performed three different 4 vs. 4 SSGs (4 × 4 min) in which the number of ball touches authorized per possession was manipulat...
63 CitationsSource
#1Alexandre DellalH-Index: 26
#2Karim ChamariH-Index: 50
Last. Stephen Hill-Haas (UWA: University of Western Australia)H-Index: 15
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Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of changes in the number of ball contacts allowed per individual possession on the physiological, technical, and physical demands within small-sided games in elite soccer. Twenty international players (age 27.4±1.5 years, body mass 79.2±4.2 kg, height 1.81±0.02 m, velocity at [Vdot]O2max 17.4±0.8 km ·h−1, percent body fat 12.7±1.2%) performed three different small-sided game formats (i.e. 2 vs. 2; 3 vs. 3; 4 vs. 4) on three differe...
39 CitationsSource
This study aims to examine the difference in heart rate (HR) responses and technical activities placed upon European elite players when exposed to 2-sided games differing in the number of players and playing area. Fifteen male soccer players from a Scottish Premier League team (26.3 ± 4.85 years, 182.4 ± 6.99 cm, 79.5 ± 8.05 kg, [latin capital V with dot above]O2max of 54.36 ± 5.45 ml·kg-1·min-1) performed both small (3 vs. 3 plus goalkeepers) and large (9 vs. 9 plus goalkeepers) sided games eac...
83 CitationsSource
#1Yusuf Köklü (Pamukkale University)H-Index: 8
#2Alper AşçiH-Index: 3
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The purpose of this study was to compare the blood lactate (La-), heart rate (HR) and percentage of maximum HR (%HRmax) responses among the small-sided games (SSGs) in elite young soccer players. Sixteen players (average age 15.7 ± 0.4 years; height 176.8 ± 4.6 cm; body mass 65.5 ± 5.6 kg; [latin capital V with dot above]o2max 53.1 ± 5.9 ml·kg-1·min-1; HRmax 195.9 ± 7.4 b·min-1) volunteered to perform the YoYo intermittent recovery test and 6 bouts of soccer drills including 1-a-side, 2-a-side, ...
63 CitationsSource
To examine whether the increase in bout duration would affect the exercise intensity and technical actions, we manipulated bout duration during a typical small-sided game drill (SSG) in male soccer players. Nineteen players (mean ± SD: age 24 ± 4 years, body mass 74 ± 4 kg, and height 180 ± 5 cm) completed three bouts of a 3-a-side drill at three different bout durations: 2, 4, and 6 minutes. Exercise intensity was quantified using heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). A nonsig...
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#1David Casamichana (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 13
#1David Casamichana Gómez (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 3
Last. Julen Castellano Paulis (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 8
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Abstract The aim of this study was to examine physical, physiological, and motor responses and perceived exertion during different soccer drills. In small-sided games, the individual playing area (∼275 m2, ∼175 m2, and ∼75 m2) was varied while the number of players per team was kept constant: 5 vs. 5 plus goalkeepers. Participants were ten male youth soccer players. Each session comprised three small-sided game formats, which lasted 8 min each with a 5-min passive rest period between them. A ran...
185 CitationsSource
This study investigated the physiological and skill demands of ‘on-side’ and ‘off-side’ games in elite rugby league players. Sixteen male rugby league players participated in ‘on-side’ and ‘off-side’ games. Both small-sided games were played in a 40- × 40-m playing area. The ‘off-side’ game permitted players to have 3 ‘plays’ while in possession of the ball. Players were permitted to pass backward or forward (to an ‘off-side’ player). The ‘on-side’ game also permitted players to have 3 ‘plays’ w...
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The use of small-sided games (SSG) for soccer training has increased considerably in recent years. Tactical principles can influence the intensity and the movement of soccer players during training. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maintaining possession of the ball on the intensity and the time of motion characteristics of players during training in games. Eleven athletes of the U-20 category of a professional club in Sao Paulo, Brazil, participated in this study. To check...
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Dello Iacono, A, Ardigo, LP, Meckel, Y, and Padulo, J. Effect of small-sided games and repeated shuffle sprint training on physical performance in elite handball players. J Strength Cond Res 30(3): 830–840, 2016—This study was designed to compare the effects of small-sided games (SSGs) and repeated shuffle sprint (RSS) training on repeated sprint ability (RSA) and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests performances of elite handball players. Eighteen highly trained players (24.8 ± 4.4 years) were assi...
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