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A Spatial Decomposition of Income Inequality in Chile

Published on May 3, 2016in Regional Studies 3.07
· DOI :10.1080/00343404.2014.933798
Dusan Paredes6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Victor Iturra5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Marcelo Lufin1
Estimated H-index: 1
Cite
Abstract
Paredes, D., Iturra, V. and Lufin, M. A spatial decomposition of income inequality in Chile, Regional Studies. Previous literature identifies the high and persistent income inequality of Chile, but the geographic heterogeneity of the inequality is still unexplored. This lack of discussion encourages spatially blind policy that ignores the interaction between individual and spatial inequality. To evaluate its magnitude, a spatial decomposition at the regional, provincial and county levels is proposed. The decomposition indicates that between 1992 and 2009, 21% of the total inequality is attributable to geographical scale. The results show that spatial inequality is a relevant magnitude to be considered by policy-makers.
  • References (43)
  • Citations (9)
Cite
References43
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2013in Spatial Economic Analysis 1.90
Dusan Paredes6
Estimated H-index: 6
Abstract This paper presents an empirical framework for analysing spatial wage inequality in Chile. Chile is primarily characterized by two stylized facts: the high spatial concentration around the metropolitan area and the key role of natural resources in the country. The paper considers both elements in a competition between NEG (new economic geography) and a theory based on natural resource endowment, with both theories incorporating human capital via a multilevel analysis. The results show t...
Published on Jul 1, 2012in Regional Studies 3.07
Annekatrin Niebuhr18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Nadia Granato11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Mannheim Centre for European Social Research)
+ 1 AuthorsSilke Hamann6
Estimated H-index: 6
Niebuhr A., Granato N., Haas A. and Hamann S. Does labour mobility reduce disparities between regional labour markets in Germany?, Regional Studies. Differences in regional labour market conditions are still pronounced in Germany, especially between the Eastern and Western parts. Traditional neoclassical models imply that labour mobility should reduce such disparities. In contrast, models that include externalities or selective migration suggest that regional differences may well increase due to...
Published on Apr 1, 2012
Dusan Paredes1
Estimated H-index: 1
This paper presents an empirical framework for analyzing the spatial wage inequality in a Latin American country: Chile. This country is mainly characterized by two stylized facts: the high spatial concentration around metropolitan areas and the key role of natural resources. We consider both elements with a competition between NEG versus amenity framework. Both theories are combined with human capital through a Multilevel Analysis. The results show the low performance of NEG for Chile and how t...
Published on Jan 1, 2012
Dusan Paredes Araya1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Victor Iturra5
Estimated H-index: 5
We estimate the spatial substitution bias based on the difference between a price index (PI) and the true cost of living (COL). This bias is computed at three geographical scales, using several fixed baskets and across different expenditures quartiles. Our results show a significant substitution bias for small geographical units. The choice of the base basket is also relevant for the bias estimation. Finally, the spatial substitution bias is larger for upper side of the expenditure distribution ...
Published on Mar 1, 2011in Journal of Economic Geography 3.36
Pierre-Philippe Combes30
Estimated H-index: 30
(AMU: Aix-Marseille University),
Gilles Duranton40
Estimated H-index: 40
(U of T: University of Toronto),
Laurent Gobillon18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Institut national d'études démographiques)
Measures of urban productivity are typically positively associated with city population. But is this relationship causal? We discuss the main sources of bias in the proper identification of agglomeration effects. We also assess a variety of solutions that have been proposed in the literature to deal with them.
Published on Feb 1, 2011in Annals of Regional Science 1.07
Dusan Paredes6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
This paper proposes a methodology for a spatial cost index of housing that considers spatial heterogeneity in properties across regions. The index is built by combining three different techniques to reduce the spatial heterogeneity in housing: Quasi-experimental methods, hedonic prices and Fisher spatial price index. Using microdata from the Chilean survey CASEN 2006, it is shown that the quasi-experimental method called Mahalanobis metric within propensity score calipers (MMWPS) leads to a sign...
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Aigneren Aburto1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UdeA: University of Antioquia),
José Miguel1
Estimated H-index: 1
Se gesto en Chile de 2011, un proceso social nuevo: la protesta social que encabezan los estudiantes chilenos que ha logrado instalar la necesidad de un cambio profundo en Chile. Se ha producido lo que hasta hace poco se consideraba imposible: que una clara mayoria comparta la idea de que el modelo economico, social, institucional y cultural que instauro la dictadura militar y que fue avalado por veinte anos de gobierno de la Concertacion tiene que ser modificado hasta en sus raices para abrir p...
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Eduardo Ramírez2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Andrea Tartakowsky2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Félix Modrego2
Estimated H-index: 2
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Patricio Aroca1
Estimated H-index: 1
El incremento de la desigualdad territorial en los ingresos percibidos por los trabajadores chilenos es producto tanto de diversas acciones de las instancias del Gobierno (Ministerios y Banco Central) como de los mecanismos de mercado. Entre las primeras, destaca el Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Regional y la politica monetaria, mientras que entre los segundos se analizan el comercio entre las regiones y la movilidad laboral interregional
Published on Dec 1, 2008in World Development 3.90
Ramón López22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
Sebastian Miller7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
Summary Chile has been cited as a successful case of development. Relatively fast economic growth over almost two decades has been accompanied by a significant reduction in absolute poverty. However, persistent economic growth and a mostly pro-poor structure of public expenditures have not been sufficient to reduce inequality in one of the most unequal countries in the world. We show that the key factors explaining this persistent inequality have been a low level of fiscal expenditures caused by...
Cited By9
Newest
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy 2.29
Anastasia Panori2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Panteion University),
Yiannis Psycharis6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Panteion University)
This paper builds upon the EU2020 strategy, following the smart and inclusive growth paradigm, that treats human capital as a central component of regional development. However, there are cases of smart growth policies, focusing on skills’ empowerment, which may not yield the expected results, in terms of social cohesion aspects. Given this fact, the role of regional specificities, such as the extent to which an economy is characterized by a knowledge-based structure, constitute essential parame...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Journal of Rural Studies 3.30
Jinlong Gao8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Yansui Liu30
Estimated H-index: 30
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsYuanyuan Cai (Nanjing University of Science and Technology)
Abstract In this paper, we first detect the uneven distribution of regional inequality in rural China with the per capita net income data at county level, and then diagnose the various factors that contribute to this as well as its driving mechanisms using the four-dimension transitional framework. The results suggest that rural inequalities are clustered at the province level, and those most unequal regions tend to be geographically gathered. Stemming from the framework, the study reveals that ...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Social Indicators Research 1.70
Miguel A. Márquez8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Extremadura),
Elena Lasarte1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Extremadura),
Marcelo Lufin1
Estimated H-index: 1
Spatial inequality measures should take into account the geographical position of the data of reference if the focus is on the spatial aspects of territorial inequality. However, these traditional spatial inequality measures like the Theil index do not distinguish among different locational situations. On the other hand, when analyzing the spatial decomposition of inequality, it is usual to express global inequality as a weighted sum of inequality values calculated for population subgroups (with...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Informetrics 3.88
Dengsheng Wu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Lili Yuan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsJianping Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The inequality in research funding is an important issue, in which the measurement of inequality is the basis. The literature has mostly investigated the inequality in research funding by providing overall values of inequality but has rarely explored this topic through the internal structure of the overall inequality. In this paper, a three-stage nested Theil index is employed to decompose the overall inequality in research funding into the between and within components. Moreover, a dec...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in International Regional Science Review 1.45
Miguel A. Márquez8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Extremadura),
Elena Lasarte-Navamuel1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Extremadura),
Marcelo Lufin1
Estimated H-index: 1
Regional disparities have been measured mainly using a variety of concentration statistics applied to spatial data. This article modifies a factor decomposition of the Theil index of inequality allowing to assess which part of regional income inequalities could be due to neighborhood features. The proposal is illustrated for the case of the Spanish peninsular provinces during the period 1981–2011. It is shown that the comparison of inequality among neighborhood and specific provincial factors op...
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Social Indicators Research 1.70
Takahiro Akita12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Rikkyo University),
Sachiko Miyata3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Rits: Ritsumeikan University)
This study analyzes spatial inequalities in Indonesia from 1996–2010 using the hierarchical decomposition method. It uses household expenditures rather than regional accounts and tries to investigate the contributions of spatial inequalities to overall expenditure inequality. We find that urban–rural disparity constitutes 15–25% of overall expenditure inequality. A large difference exists between urban and rural areas in the magnitude of inequality among districts. After controlling for the urba...
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Counselling and Psychotherapy Research
Alex Behn1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UC: Pontifical Catholic University of Chile),
Paula Errázuriz3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UC: Pontifical Catholic University of Chile)
+ 1 AuthorsCandice Fischer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UC: Pontifical Catholic University of Chile)
Chilean National Fund for Science and Technology (CONICYT) under Grant FONDECYT 11110041 Fund for Innovation and Competitiveness (FIC) of the Chilean Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism, through the Millennium Science Initiative IS130005 Chilean National Fund for Science and Technology (CONICYT) under Grant FONDAP 15110017
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Resources Policy 3.19
Dusan Paredes6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Nathaly M. Rivera1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Fiscal regimes to the mining industry facilitate the revenue-raising task of resource-dependent economies as they reduce the local tax burden of their residents. Whether these fiscal arrangements translate into a higher allocation of public goods in these economies remains yet unclear. We analyze the effects that local mineral taxation has on the provision of public goods in mining communities using Chile as a case study. We examine the effects of a non-distortionary tax on local concessions usi...
Published on Oct 1, 2015
David Castells-Quintana7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Barcelona),
Raúl Ramos Lobo22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Barcelona),
Vicente Royuela17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Barcelona)
Income inequality is both at the political and academic agenda. Because of the Great Recession, income inequality has experienced an increase in many parts of the world in general and in many European regions in particular. In addition, several academics have signalled inequality as a source of such crisis. Nevertheless, few attempts have been made for conducting the analysis at the regional level. In this work we analyse the main factors behind current trends in inequality in Europe over the la...