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Effects of informing workers of their health risks from exposure to toxic materials

Published on Aug 31, 2010in American Journal of Industrial Medicine 1.73
· DOI :10.1002/ajim.4700130208
Peter S. Houts31
Estimated H-index: 31
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University),
Vernon McDougall2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract
This study compared the mental health, attitudes, and smoking behaviors of 133 workers who had been informed of health risks from exposure to toxic materials on the job with 137 workers who worked in similar conditions but who had not been told that their health was at risk because of exposure to toxic materials. The informed workers reported more health problems than controls, but there were no significant differences between the informed and uninformed groups in mental health, attitudes toward health hazards in or outside of the workplace, or in smoking rates. Ninety percent of all respondents felt that exposed workers definitely should be told of their health risks. These findings indicate little psychological risk from informing workers about their risks because of exposure to toxic substances and a strong desire on the part of workers to be informed.
  • References (5)
  • Citations (24)
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References5
Newest
Published on Apr 5, 1985in JAMA 47.66
J. Larry Hornsby1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
John T. Sappington1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsAltekruse Eb5
Estimated H-index: 5
Informing persons that they have been exposed to a carcinogenic chemical (β-naphthylamine) may adversely affect these persons and their families. The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the psychological impact of a bladder cancer notification and screening program on persons at risk and their families. Approximately 140 subjects were randomly selected from 850 workers exposed to β-naphthylamine. The Family APGAR, Impact of Event Scale, and Improved Readability Form of the Minnesota...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1983in American Journal of Industrial Medicine 1.73
Allen H. Lebovits14
Estimated H-index: 14
(ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai),
A. Philippe Chahinian13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai),
Jimmie C. Holland65
Estimated H-index: 65
(MSK: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center)
Thirty-eight patients with a diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma participated in a semi-structured interview to evaluate asbestos exposure, acquisition of increased risk information, and retrospective reporting of cognitive and behavioral reactions (particularly smoking behavior) to risk information. Twenty-eight patients (74%) had direct occupational contact with asbestos, and six patients (16%) reported indirect nonoccupational exposure to asbestos. Only two (10%) of the directly exposed patie...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 1981in The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 1.37
Roberta G. Sands18
Estimated H-index: 18
(OSU: Ohio State University),
Larry G. Newby1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Louisville),
Richard A. Greenberg13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Louisville)
In January 1974 a Louisville, Kentucky chemical company announced that a link had been found between angiosarcoma and exposure to vinyl chloride. A program of medical screening identified "at risk" workers, some of whom were reassigned to an alternative work setting, a wood pallet plant. Twenty-four "high risk" pallet plant workers (PP) were matched with an equal number of workers with some abnormal test results (TP) and normal results (TN). Illness behavior in the form of medical visits for rea...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 1980in Archives of General Psychiatry
Bruce P. Dohrenwend50
Estimated H-index: 50
(Columbia University),
Patrick E. Shrout66
Estimated H-index: 66
+ 1 AuthorsFrederick S. Mendelsohn5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Columbia University)
• This interview study investigated nonspecific psychological distress in the general population. A probability sample of 200 adults was drawn from heterogenous sex, class, and ethnic groups in New York City. Twenty-five scales were developed. Eight reflect a single dimension of nonspecific distress (eg, Poor Self-esteem, Sadness, and Perceived Physical Health) and 17 are distinct from these and from each other (eg, False Beliefs and Perceptions, Manic Characteristics, Insomnia, Antisocial Histo...
533 Citations Source Cite
Cited By24
Newest
Peter Franklin27
Estimated H-index: 27
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Monique Robinson22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
+ 5 AuthorsAlison Reid22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
Purpose To examine the effect of knowledge of radiographic abnormalities on the mental health of asbestos-exposed people with and without pleural abnormalities.
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 16, 2010in American Journal of Industrial Medicine 1.73
Cathy Saiki4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Rochelle Green16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
+ 1 AuthorsMarc B. Schenker42
Estimated H-index: 42
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
A variety of methods were used to address communication problems in the Semiconductor Health Study (SHS). The diverse employee population required investigators to consider language, ethnic, and cultural differences in planning and implementing the study design. Studies of reproductive health in the workplace raise special concerns, including the critical need to preserve confidentiality and privacy of subjects. Notification of results of epidemiological studies reporting workplace hazards requi...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2009in American Journal of Industrial Medicine 1.73
Marion Maurel3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Audrey Stoufflet6
Estimated H-index: 6
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
+ 5 AuthorsChristophe Paris23
Estimated H-index: 23
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
Objectives CT-scan screening programs for lung cancer detection have been proposed in high-risk subjects, and more recently in former asbestos-exposed subjects. However, to date no data are available on psychological impact of such programs. The aim of this study is to examine the risk factors of psychological distress at baseline of a CT-scan screening program among asbestos-exposed subjects. Methods The Asbestos Post-Exposure Survey (APEXS) was carried out in France between October 2003 and De...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 13, 2008in PLOS Medicine 11.68
David I. Shalowitz13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Franklin G. Miller54
Estimated H-index: 54
Recent commentaries advocate routinely offering study results to research participants [1,2]. However, debate continues over the scope and limits of investigators' responsibilities in this regard. A 2006 review identified 30 national and international policies and guidelines concerning the duty to return research results [3], of which 21 were published in the last decade. Worldwide interest in this complex issue will likely continue to rise in light of the increasing relevance of the results of ...
134 Citations Source Cite
Marion Maurel3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Paris),
V. Berna1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsChristophe Paris23
Estimated H-index: 23
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research)
Resume But de l’etude L’exposition a l’amiante est responsable de pathologies pleurales et pulmonaires, dont le mesotheliome et le cancer bronchique. L’information sur les risques pour la sante d’une exposition professionnelle a l’amiante, et la mise en place de programmes de depistage des pathologies associees, sont susceptibles de declencher des reactions psychologiques importantes chez les sujets exposes, en relation avec la gravite de ces maladies. Methodes Une revue de litterature des etude...
3 Citations Source Cite
Marion Maurel3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Paris),
V. Berna1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsChristophe Paris23
Estimated H-index: 23
Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2004in Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 3.97
Theresa M. Martheau68
Estimated H-index: 68
,
Lois G. Kim17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 2 AuthorsAlan Scott2
Estimated H-index: 2
Study objectives: To assess the extent to which poorer self assessed health in men in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is detected at screening is a consequence or a predictor of screening outcome. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Community based screening. Participants: 23 654 men who attended for AAA screening as part of the UK multicentre aneurysm screening study completed a measure of self assessed health before screening. A total of 1156 had an aneurysm detected. A sub-sample of s...
19 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2000
Tom Cox38
Estimated H-index: 38
290 Citations
Published on Dec 1, 1999in Social Science & Medicine 3.01
Chris Shaw11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Leicester),
Keith R. Abrams76
Estimated H-index: 76
(University of Leicester),
Theresa M. Martheau68
Estimated H-index: 68
('KCL': King's College London)
The aim of this review is to determine the frequency and circumstances under which predicting individuals' risk of illness has adverse psychological effects. Using systematic review methodology, the literature was searched for studies that had assessed the adverse psychological outcomes of risk assessment programmes. The outcomes investigated are emotional (anxiety, depression, distress) cognitive (intrusive thoughts, perceptions of health) and behaviour (work absenteeism). The impact of both po...
140 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 1998in American Journal of Industrial Medicine 1.73
Stanley Rabin1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Mabel Feiner3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 2 AuthorsJoseph Ribak26
Estimated H-index: 26
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
Notification about work hazards is a legal requirement in advanced industrial countries, but workers have claimed, that in many cases, they do not receive enough information regarding risks, exposure, and medical problems. The recent professional literature on the subject has explored the ways in which notification is delivered without sufficiently considering the psychological incentives and barriers that may affect managers in transmitting risk information. The present study aimed at examining...
1 Citations Source Cite