Match!

Identity status differences among Italian adolescents: Associations with time perspective

Published on Mar 1, 2013in Children and Youth Services Review1.684
· DOI :10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.12.018
Fiorenzo Laghi23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Sapienza University of Rome),
Roberto Baiocco27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Sapienza University of Rome)
+ 2 AuthorsEmma Baumgartner15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Sapienza University of Rome)
Abstract
Based on Marcia's identity status model, this cross-sectional study examined adolescents' identity formation analyzing its association with time perspective. A sample of 1300 Italian adolescents filled in self-report measures assessing two major developmental processes: identity resolution and time perspective. Adolescents who achieved an integrated identity status seemed to primarily adopt a future time perspective and to have a positive view of the past. By contrast, Diffused adolescents reported negative experiences in the past, a lower future orientation and a greater inclination to fatalism compared to others.
  • References (59)
  • Citations (32)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1,450 Citations
174 Citations
41.5k Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References59
Newest
#1Frank C. Worrell (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 26
#2Zena R. Mello (UCCS: University of Colorado Colorado Springs)H-Index: 15
Last. Monika Buhl (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
In this study, the authors report on the development of English and German versions of the Adolescent Time Attitude Scale (ATAS). The ATAS consists of six subscales assessing Past Positive, Past Negative, Present Positive, Present Negative, Future Positive, and Future Negative time attitudes. The authors describe the development of the scales and present data on the reliability and structural validity of ATAS scores in samples of American (N = 300) and German (N = 316) adolescents. Internal cons...
55 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Antonia Lonigro (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 10
Last. Emma Baumgartner (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
As adolescents’ alcohol abuse is more widespread almost everywhere, the aim of this study was to better understand the influence of both alcohol expectancies and parenting styles on this risky behaviour in order to allow the development of future prevention programmes, by evaluating the correlation between these variables. A total of 1500 subjects participated in this study: 500 high school students were asked to complete different questionnaires concerning their consumption attitude, and their ...
13 CitationsSource
#1Marco CacioppoH-Index: 6
#2Ugo PaceH-Index: 15
Last. Carla Zappulla (University of Palermo)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
The aim of the study was to explore the unique and common contributions of parental psychological control and family functioning to global life satisfaction among Italian adolescents while considering the type of parental psychological control: dependencyoriented and achievement-oriented. Two hundred fifty-five adolescents (104 boys and 151 girls) from 15 to 17 years of age (mean age = 15.98, SD = .76) completed self-report measures on perceived parental psychological control, dependency- and ac...
29 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
Last. Emma Baumgartner (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 15
view all 5 authors...
Limited studies have sought to describe binge drinking among adolescents and even fewer studies have attempted to examine whether family functioning, family communication and satisfaction could be associated with alcohol abuse. Our sample was made up of 726 Italian adolescents between the ages of 16 and 18. According to previous research, adolescents were categorized into non-drinkers, social, binge and heavy drinkers. Results showed that social, binge and heavy drinkers differ in terms of some ...
45 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Francesca Liga (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 4
Last. Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Evidence of an association between binge eating and binge drinking and of related health consequences have stimulated investigators to examine and explore risk and protective factors plus the reasons why individuals engage in these risky behaviours ( Benjamin & Wulfert, 2003 ; Ferriter & Ray, 2011 ). This study examined the relationship between binge drinking and eating, time perspective and psychological functioning. A cross-sectional survey of 1350 17–19 year-old adolescents was condu...
43 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Francesca Liga (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 4
Last. Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
This cross-sectional study examined binge eating and binge drinking behaviours analysing their association with the process of identity formation in adolescence and individual tendency towards conformism. The sample consisted of 1500 Italian students (660 boys and 840 girls) attending high school. The average age of the students was 17.31 years (SD = 1.34; range: 17–19). They completed self-report measures assessing binge behaviours, ego identity status and social conformism. Diffused adolescent...
27 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Susanna Pallini (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 7
Last. Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACT A new self-report measure of adolescent's self-presentation is described. The self-report scale was administered to 760 16–19-year-old subjects. Results of a factor analysis supported 6 identifiable factors reflecting different concepts, theoretically discussed, related to self-presentation: ability to regulate self-image, social sensitivity, body self-confidence, social self-confidence, social openness, and social desirability. The scale showed good convergent validity and internal con...
22 CitationsSource
The development and initial validation of a new scale of balanced time perspective is reported. A balanced time perspective is defined here as a frequent and equal tendency to think about both one’s past and future in positive ways. Sixty-seven men and 79 women ranging in age from 18–46 years (M 21.3, SD 4.42) completed the Balanced Time Perspective Scale (BTPS) and measures of happiness, well-being, self-esteem, and two subscales of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Principal components ...
52 CitationsSource
#1Ugo PaceH-Index: 15
#2Carla Zappulla (University of Palermo)H-Index: 15
In this study we examined the relations between insecure attachment styles, commitment and behavioral problems, focusing on the unique and common contribution that avoidant and anxious styles and commitment made to internalizing and externalizing problems. 535 adolescents, 267 boys and 268 girls, aged from 16 to 18 years, completed self-report measures of attachment, identity and problem behaviors. The data showed that both internalizing and externalizing problems were positively related to inse...
28 CitationsSource
#1Grazia Carelli (Umeå University)H-Index: 1
#2Britt Wiberg (Umeå University)H-Index: 12
Last. Marie Wiberg (Umeå University)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
In this study, we developed and evaluated a Swedish version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI;Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999). The original version of the ZTPI was extended by including a ...
101 CitationsSource
Cited By32
Newest
#1Susan Mohammed (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 19
#2Jacqueline Marhefka (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
Source
Source
#1Allan B. de Guzman (UST: University of Santo Tomas)H-Index: 11
#2Martin Cyrus F. Dumantay (UST: University of Santo Tomas)
ABSTRACTThis study examined the roles of future time perspective and affective commitment on the work engagement of a select group of aging Filipino professoriate. A total of 208 respondents aged 40–60 years old, teaching at the largest Catholic University in the Philippines, were requested to accomplish a multi-aspect questionnaire covering the variables of the study. Data gathered were processed through SPSS v.17 and AMOS v.19. The structural equation model reveals (i) a positive relationship ...
Source
#1L. Fusco (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 1
#2Luigia Simona Sica (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 8
Last. L. Aleni Sestito (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
This study focused on the relations between vocational identity, future orientation, and resilience. Southern Italian high school students (N = 342) were assessed using the Vocational Identity Scale Assessment (VISA) and Design My Future to evaluate future orientation and resilience. Future orientation and resilience were correlated positively with commitment making, identification with commitment and exploration, and negatively with vocational flexibility and self-doubt. A cluster analysis reve...
1 CitationsSource
#1Umit Akirmak (Istanbul Bilgi University)H-Index: 1
The present study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI; Zimbardo & Boyd, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1271–1288, 1999) in a Turkish sample. A Turkish version of the ZTPI was administered to participants in Study 1 (n = 554) while another group of participants filled out the ZTPI as well as measures of personality, locus of control, self-esteem, and self-efficacy in Study 2 (n = 234). Test-retest reliability of the ZTPI sc...
1 CitationsSource
#1Neta Ram-Vlasov (University of Haifa)H-Index: 2
#2Limor Goldner (University of Haifa)H-Index: 7
Last. Rachel Lev-Wiesel (University of Haifa)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The Peri-Traumatic Dissociative Traumatic Drawing Assessment (PDTDA) is an art-based assessment technique developed to evaluate peri-traumatic dissociation subsequent to traumatic events, based on the trauma resolution and time perception literature. To validate the PDTDA, associations between six drawing feature scales; namely, the participants’ peri-traumatic dissociation, persistent dissociation, post-traumatic stress symptoms and history of traumatic events were assessed in a sample...
2 CitationsSource
#1José A. León (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 13
#2José A. Martínez-Huertas (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 1
Last. Olga Jastrzebska (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
The aim of this study was to analyze the level of reading competence in adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disability (AIDD) in Madrid Region. They read clinical texts of different lexical and semantic complexity. Sixty-one adults with intellectual disability and 31 undergraduate university students took part in this study. The results showed that AIDD improve their performance in reading comprehension tasks when the necessary time and supports are available. Thus, if a greater amount of...
Source
#1Juan M. RamosH-Index: 1
#2Alberto RodríguezH-Index: 1
Last. Ana MenaH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Different therapeutic approaches for people with personality disorder (PD) hypothesize different mechanisms of change. We studied whether the cognitive fusion (FC) construct is relevant in the therapeutic change identified in a group of people diagnosed with severe PD (N = 110) after 6 months of intervention. The FC level is higher than that of other published samples (M = 38.5, SD = 8.98) and is associated with a more serious pathology. FC is related to other constructs such as automatic though...
3 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Antonia Lonigro (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 10
Last. Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTA shared consensus among researchers deals with the positive association between the ability to effectively regulate and manage one's emotion and the engagement in empathic behavior and mor...
4 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo Laghi (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 23
#2Antonia Lonigro (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 10
Last. Roberto Baiocco (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
The study was designed to verify which cognitive brain types and behaviors in classroom predicted the intention to volunteer to become a peer buddy for a student with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Five hundred and sixteen adolescents attending the first grade of public high schools were enrolled. Gender–related differences were discussed according to the empathizing-systemizing theory. As expected, empathy and prosocial behavior predicted volunteering in ASD intervention. We conclude that the ...
2 CitationsSource